BREAKING NEWS: FABIG LUNCHTIME WEBINARS TO BE HELD EVERY 2 WEEKS WHILST MEASURES AGAINST COVID-19 PREVENT THE ORGANISATION OF OUR TRADITIONAL TECHNICAL MEETINGS
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News Item, 22 October 2020
Help us with the planning of future FABIG events by completing our short online survey

As times are changing and as we wish to remain relevant to the FABIG Membership, we would greatly appreciate your feedback to help us with the planning of future FABIG events (Technical Meetings, Webcasts & Webinars). As such, we have compiled a short online survey comprising general questions on the FABIG events held in the last couple of years as well as your preferences...
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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News Item, 15 October 2020
IChemE's Hazards 30 Process Safety Conference to be held as a virtual event this year

IChemE’s annual Hazards conference will be held as a virtual event this year, making process safety knowledge-sharing more accessible than ever before.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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News Item, 15 October 2020
Register now for our Lunchtime Webinar to be held on 28 October

We are pleased to inform you that our next FABIG Lunchtime Webinar will cover ' Introduction to structural fire engineering ' and will be given by Bassam Burgan from The Steel Construction Institute (SCI) on 28th October 2020 from 13.00 GMT.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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FABIG Webinar 012
Accounting for geometry effects for VCE loads on buildings

Given by Mehmet Cem Ozbey, Thornton Tomasetti
Vapour cloud explosions (VCE’s) can cause significant damage to nearby buildings, facilities and infrastructure with potential loss of life and significant business interruption, so the accuracy of...
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2020

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News Item, 05 October 2020
Register now for our Lunchtime Webinar to be held on 14 October

We are pleased to inform you that our next FABIG Lunchtime Webinar will cover ' Cost effective approach for accounting for channeling and shielding effects for vapor cloud explosion loads on buildings ' and will be given by Mehmet Cem Ozbey, Thornton Tomasetti on 14th October 2020 from 13.00 BST.
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FABIG Webinar 011
A look back on developments in fire modelling

Given by Bjørn Erling Vembe, DNV GL
Mathematical modelling of fire stretches back to the 50s and 60s. The first models were based on dimensional analyses and correlations derived from experiments. The most famous are the Thomas...
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2020

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News Item, 21 September 2020
Register now for our Lunchtime Webinar to be held on 30 September

We are pleased to inform you that our next FABIG Lunchtime Webinar will cover ' A look back on developments in fire modelling ' and will be given by Bjørn Erling Vembe, DNV GL on 30th September 2020 from 13.00 BST.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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FABIG Webinar 010
On the modelling of gas explosions: A historical review

Given by Kees van Wingerden, Gexcon
This webinar covers the attempts that have been made through the years to model the effects (especially overpressure and drag) of gas explosions in congested areas starting more or less from the...
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2020

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News Item, 09 September 2020
50% discount on DNV GL’s Online Course to continue in September, October & November for FABIG Members

We are pleased to advise that FABIG Members will continue to get a 50% discount on the registration fees for DNV GL’s Online Expert Hazard Awareness Course which will be run in September, October and November 2020 .
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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News Item, 03 September 2020
Register now for our Lunchtime Webinar to be held on 16 September

We are pleased to inform you that our next FABIG Lunchtime Webinar will cover ' On the modelling of gas explosions: A historical review ' and will be given by Kees van Wingerden, Gexcon on 16th September 2020 from 13.00 BST.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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FABIG Webinar 009
Major hazards research since 1990: Fires

Given by Geoff Chamberlain, Waverton Consultancy
This webinar covers the hazards posed by jet and pool fires from ignited releases of oil, LPG and gas. The consequences of uncontrolled fires were tragically highlighted by the Piper Alpha disaster...
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2020

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News Item, 07 August 2020
Register now for our Lunchtime Webinar to be held on 2 September

We are pleased to inform you that our next FABIG Lunchtime Webinar will cover ' Major Hazards Research since 1990: Fires ' and will be given by Geoff Chamberlain, Waverton Consultancy on 2nd September 2020 from 13.00 BST.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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News Item, 06 August 2020
£700 discount for FABIG Members on the Micropack exida® FGP Online Training Programme to be run in Sep & Dec 2020

We are pleased to advise that FABIG Members can get a £700 discount on the registration fees for the Micropack exida® Fire and Gas Practitioner (FGP) Online Training Programme to be run in September and December 2020 .
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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News Item, 05 August 2020
Proceedings of recent FABIG Webinars 007 & 008 held in July now available

We are pleased to inform you that the Proceedings of the recent FABIG Webinars 007 & 008 held in July 2020 are now available on the FABIG Website. Please login and click on the following links to access these. We would also like to advise that Non-Member of FABIG are now able to purchase Proceedings of FABIG events online.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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News Item, 03 August 2020
50% discount on DNV GL’s Online Course to continue in August & September for FABIG Members

We are pleased to advise that FABIG Members will continue to get a 50% discount on the registration fees for DNV GL’s Online Expert Hazard Awareness Course which will be run in August and September 2020 .
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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News Item, 29 July 2020
Proceedings of FABIG Technical Meeting 102 held in March 2020 and subsequent Webinars now available

We are pleased to inform you that the Proceedings of the following FABIG events are now available on the FABIG Website. Please login and click on the following links to access these. We would also like to advise that Non-Member of FABIG are now able to purchase Proceedings of FABIG events online.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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FABIG Webinar 008
Offshore major hazards research 1990-2000: Dispersion and explosions

Given by Mike Johnson, DNV GL
The need to design offshore structures to withstand blast requires an understanding of how damaging pressures are generated and the ability to predict such events using mathematical models. It was...
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2020

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News Item, 21 July 2020
Register now for our Lunchtime Webinar to be held on 29 July

We are pleased to inform you that our next FABIG Lunchtime Webinar will cover ' Offshore major hazards research 1990-2000: Dispersion and explosions ' and will be given by Mike Johnson, DNV GL on 29th July 2020 from 13.00 BST.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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FABIG Webinar 007
Major accidents in the oil & gas industry, follow-up research and lessons learnt

Given by Geoff Chamberlain, Waverton Consultancy
Investigation of accidents involving fire and explosion is essential for learning the root causes and for implementing improved safety measures. A thorough analysis often gives rise to a number of...
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2020

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News Item, 06 July 2020
Register now for our New FABIG Webinar Series starting on 15th July

We are pleased to inform you that our New FABIG Webinar Series will look back at the knowledge gained through the significant body of Research carried out since the 90's.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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News Item, 03 July 2020
50% discount for FABIG Members on DNV GL’s Online Course to be run in July & August 2020

FABIG Members can get a 50% discount on the registration fees for DNV GL’s Online Expert Hazard Awareness Course which will be run in both July and August 2020 .
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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FABIG Webinar 006
Predictions of loading and structural response in accidental blast events

Given by Hannes L. Gauch , Imperial College London & Baker Hughes
This webinar presents the development and application of numerical and analytical models to predict the transient loading exerted on structures by impinging pressure and shock waves of variable...
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2020

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FABIG Webinar 005
Risk assessments and standards leading to safety distances for hydrogen refuelling stations

Given by Asmund Huser, DNV GL
This webinar reviews safety distances for Hydrogen Refuelling Stations (HRS), providing some background and indicating differences. Recent accidents are used to review the safety of HRS, using the...
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2020

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FABIG Webinar 004
Are unconfined hydrogen vapor cloud explosions credible?

Given by Kelly Thomas & Darren Malik, BakerRisk
This webinar poses the question "Are unconfined hydrogen vapour cloud explosions credible?". It reviews the characteristics of hydrogen explosions and the requirements for the transition from...
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2020

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News Item, 20 May 2020
The NEW FABIG Website is now live!

The new FABIG website has been released and we would like to invite you to discover its completely revamped look & feel here at www.fabig.com .
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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FABIG Webinar 003
Explosion relief and protection at hydrogen refuelling stations

Given by Robert Brewerton, Inoventech
Robert Brewerton has been involved in fire and explosion research, FABIG and HSE guidance and project design since 1990. The differences between hydrogen and hydrocarbon gases impact on the design of...
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2020

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News Item, 18 May 2020
Topics now confirmed for the next three FABIG Lunchtime Webinars

We are pleased to inform you that the topics and dates of the next three FABIG Lunchtime Webinars have now been confirmed as shown below. For  additional information and registration, please go to the  Events section of the website .
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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FABIG Webinar 002
Hy4Heat - Consequence modelling for ignition of hydrogen leaks in the home

Given by Sam Greg, Arup
The main objective of the Hy4Heat project ( www.hy4heat.info ) is to assess whether hydrogen is a suitable alternative to natural gas for the heating of domestic and commercial properties. As part...
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2020

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News Item, 04 May 2020
50% discount for FABIG Members on DNV GL’s Online Expert Hazard Awareness Course

FABIG Members can get a 50% discount on the registration fees for DNV GL’s Online Expert Hazard Awareness Course, starting this week on Thursday 7 May 2020.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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News Item, 29 April 2020
Issue 077 of the FABIG Newsletter is now available

We are pleased to inform you that the 77 th edition of the FABIG Newsletter is now available on the FABIG website.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 077

CONTENTS: Editorial: 'Explosion and fire hazards associated with fracking sites'; Review of the Technical Meeting which covered 'Review of Current Understanding of Large-scale Explosion Mechanisms'; Review of the Technical Meeting which covered 'New Developments in Fire & Gas Detection'; Review of the Technical Meeting which covered 'Protection of Pressurised Systems..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2020

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FABIG Webinar 001
Update on hydrogen research at Spadeadam

Given by Daniel Allason, DNV GL
Daniel Allason leads the experimental contributions of DNV GL’s Spadeadam Research and Testing Centre to a variety of hydrogen and energy transition related safety projects. In this webinar, Daniel...
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2020

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News Item, 09 April 2020
Series of FABIG Lunchtime Webinars to be held every two weeks from end of April 2020

We would like to inform you that   we will be organising lunchtime webinars every two weeks  (each lasting for about 40 min + Q&A). These will run from the end of April and will continue whilst working life remains disrupted by measures to combat the COVID-19 epidemic. Such measures either prohibit or make inadvisable large meetings such as our Technical Meetings.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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FABIG Technical Meeting 102
Fire and Explosion Hazards from Renewable Technology

Battery Energy Storage Systems - The insurers’ view on the fire risk, Christofer Lindholm, Swiss Re; Upcoming regulations for land-based Battery Energy Storage Systems, Rianne ‘t Hoen, DNV GL; Li-Ion battery off-gassing - Exhaust back-pressure and temperature 1D modelling, Paul Williamson, MMI Thornton Tomasetti; Risk mitigation in battery rooms - Results from DNV GL’s maritime..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2020

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News Item, 22 March 2020
Programme for forthcoming FABIG Webcast on 26 Mar 2020

We are pleased to confirm that the forthcoming FABIG Webcast covering ' Fire & Explosion Hazards from Renewable Technology ' is going ahead and will be a half-day event held on  Thursday 26th March between 13.00 and 16.50 (UK time) .
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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News Item, 12 March 2020
Forthcoming FABIG Technical Meeting: Webcast event to go ahead but Aberdeen and London events now cancelled

In view of the Coronavirus situation worsening in Europe and the UK, with most countries tightening measures to limit the outbreak and more and more organisations implementing travel bans, We would like to advise that we have unfortunately decided to cancel the ‘physical’ FABIG Technical Meetings that were originally planned in Aberdeen and London on 25th & 26th March.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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News Item, 02 March 2020
Programme now finalised for forthcoming UK Technical Meeting, 25 & 26 Mar 2020 - Aberdeen, London & Webcast

We are pleased to inform you that the programme for the Technical Meeting covering ' Fire & Explosion Hazards from Renewable Technology ' is now finalised. This will be a half-day event taking place on Wednesday 25 th  March 2020 in Aberdeen and on Wednesday 26 th  March in London & via Webcast between 12.00 and 17.00 (UK time) .
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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News Item, 14 February 2020
Announcement of forthcoming FABIG Technical Meetings to be held in the first half of 2020

We are pleased to inform you that the programme for the forthcoming UK Technical Meeting covering ' New Developments in Fire & Gas Detection ' has now been finalised. This will be a half-day event held on 26th June 2019 in Aberdeen and on 27th June in London and via webcast.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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News Item, 11 February 2020
Proceedings of the UK Technical Meeting organised jointly by FABIG & EPSC last December now available on the FABIG website

We are pleased to inform you that the proceedings of the UK Technical Meeting organised jointly by FABIG and the European Process Safety Centre (EPSC) which covered  'Toxic Products - Management, Mitigation and Emergency Preparedness'  and was held in December 2019 are now available to FABIG Members.
FABIG - News Item - 2020

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FABIG Technical Meeting 101
Toxic Products - Management, Mitigation and Emergency Preparedness

Temporary Refuge (TR): Place of safety on offshore installations, Sumeet Pabby, Health and Safety Executive; Managing hydrogen sulfide (H2S) hazards in design and execution, Fiona Aoun, Chevron; H2S control and recovery barriers - PDO experience, Vijay Kesanakurthy & Asma Nasser Al-Harthy, Petroleum Development Oman; Safe operations at Covestro, Christian Lange, Covestro;..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2019

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News Item, 29 November 2019
The proceedings of the UK Technical Meeting held in September are now available!

We are pleased to inform you that the proceedings of the UK Technical Meeting which covered 'Protection of Pressurised Systems against Fire and BLEVEs'  and was held in September 2019 are now available to FABIG Members.
FABIG - News Item - 2019

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News Item, 14 November 2019
Programme now finalised for joint FABIG-EPSC full-day Technical Meeting

We are pleased to inform you that this Technical Meeting is organised jointly by FABIG and the European Process Safety Centre (EPSC -  www.epsc.be ) as one of a number of collaborative activities taking place during the last quarter of 2019 to facilitate the cross-sharing of knowledge between Members of the two safety-focused industry groups. This will be a full-day event...
FABIG - News Item - 2019

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News Item, 04 November 2019
Collaboration between FABIG and the European Process Safety Centre (EPSC) during the last quarter of 2019

FABIG and the European Process Safety Centre (EPSC - https://epsc.be ) are collaborating in a number of joint events to facilitate the cross-sharing of knowledge between Members of the two safety-focused industry groups. The collaborative activities include:
FABIG - News Item - 2019

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FABIG Technical Meeting 100
Protection of Pressurised Systems against Fire and BLEVEs

Control of bleve risk scenarios, Sava Medonos, Petrellus Engineering; Modelling of pressure vessels, Ian Bradley and Giordano Scarponi, BAM / University of Bologna; Fires on volatile storage vessels: Realistic loads, Clara Huescar Medina, DNV GL; Emergency depressurisation - Why 6.9 barg in 15 minutes is not always the answer, Duncan Talbert and John Evans, MMI Thornton..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2019

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 076

CONTENTS: Editorial: 'Let's bring safety to the field'; Review of the Technical Meeting which covered 'Developments in Fire & Explosion Engineering for a Hydrogen Economy'; Review of the Technical Meeting which covered 'Fire & Explosion Hazards caused by Spray Releases'; Summary of the HYSEA project; A Simple model for estimating peak pressure in vented explosions of..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2019

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FABIG Technical Meeting 099
New Developments in Fire and Gas Detection

Optimising flame detection layouts in external hydrocarbon processing area: Beyond the theoretical, Eliot Sizeland, Micropack (Engineering); Visibility of partially obstructed flames with application to fire mapping, Oliver Heynes, Satoshi Kanno and Kotaro Nitta, Insight Numerics / JGC Corporation; New initiatives for design and analyses of gas detection on the Norwegian shelf,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2019

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FABIG Technical Meeting 098
Review of Current Understanding of Large-scale Explosion Mechanisms

Was it foreseeable?, Gordon Andrews, University of Leeds; The importance of Deflagration to Detonation Transition (DDT), Mike Johnson, DNV GL; Overpressure due to detonations in accidents with intense vapour cloud explosions, Geoff Chamberlain, Waverton Consultancy; Potential for Deflagration to Detonation Transition (DDT) at large scales: Does size matter?, Scott Davis,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2019

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 075

CONTENTS: Review of the Technical Meeting which covered ‘Fire Hazards in Enclosed Spaces / Compartments’; A review of the Q9 equivalent cloud method for explosion modelling; Comparative assessment of methods used to determine the effect of fire loads on the ultimate strength of offshore structures; Resistance of welded steel tubular joints at elevated temperatures;..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2019

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FABIG Technical Meeting 097
Fire & Explosion Hazards caused by Spray Releases

Analysis of recent flammable mist incidents, Philip Lees, Health and Safety Executive; Overview of findings from recently concluded JIP on oil mist formation and ignition, Richard Bettis, Health and Safety Executive; Challenges in understanding spray combustion hazards, Anthony Giles, Cardiff University; Effectiveness of oil mist detectors in relation to droplet size, Sumeet..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2018

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FABIG Technical Meeting Australia 05
Innovation, Technology and Learning in Fire & Explosion Risk Management

Data science for HSE: A case study, Heather Bailey, Woodside; Performance of sandwich panels with innovative core against blast & impact loads, Wensu Chen, Curtin University; Designing shock and strong vibration mounts for safeguard critical equipment - Cross industry learnings, Charles Hendry, MMI Thornton Tomasetti; Building a digital process safety management solution, Nenad..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2018

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FABIG Technical Meeting 096
Developments in Fire & Explosion Engineering for a Hydrogen Economy

HySEA: Experimental investigations of vented hydrogen deflagrations, Trygve Skjold, Gexcon; HySEA: Advanced modelling of vented hydrogen deflagrations, Vendra Chandra & Madhav Rao, University of Warwick; HySEA: Engineering models and recommendations for standards, Jennifer Wen, University of Warwick; Practical outcome of the HySEA project for an industrial gas company, Simon..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2018

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 074

CONTENTS: Editorial: 'Probabilistic simulation is safer and faster'; Review of the Technical Meeting which covered 'Managing Fire & Explosion Hazards in a Low Oil Price Environment'; One-way versus two-way fluid-structure interaction analyses of offshore installations in fires; Modelling the spill and spread of cryogenics and dispersion of hazardous substances;..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2018

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FABIG Online Lecture 007
Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapour Explosion (BLEVEs)

Given by Geoff Chamberlain, Waverton Consultancy
In 2018, FABIG developed a series of short Online Lectures by Geoff Chamberlain (Waverton Consultancy) covering fire engineering topics. We recommend that these be viewed in the following order:
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2018

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FABIG Online Lecture 001
Release Scenarios

Given by Geoff Chamberlain, Waverton Consultancy
In 2018, FABIG developed a series of short Online Lectures by Geoff Chamberlain (Waverton Consultancy) covering fire engineering topics. We recommend that these be viewed in the following order:
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2018

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FABIG Online Lecture 002
Flammability and Flame Stability

Given by Geoff Chamberlain, Waverton Consultancy
In 2018, FABIG developed a series of short Online Lectures by Geoff Chamberlain (Waverton Consultancy) covering fire engineering topics. We recommend that these be viewed in the following order:
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2018

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FABIG Online Lecture 003
Pool Fires

Given by Geoff Chamberlain, Waverton Consultancy
In 2018, FABIG developed a series of short Online Lectures by Geoff Chamberlain (Waverton Consultancy) covering fire engineering topics. We recommend that these be viewed in the following order:
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2018

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FABIG Online Lecture 004
Jet Fires

Given by Geoff Chamberlain, Waverton Consultancy
Note : There is a small error 10:51 into the Online Lecture whereby the Author says ‘propane’ instead of ‘pentane’.
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2018

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FABIG Online Lecture 005
Pool Fires and Jet Fires in Compartments

Given by Geoff Chamberlain, Waverton Consultancy
In 2018, FABIG developed a series of short Online Lectures by Geoff Chamberlain (Waverton Consultancy) covering fire engineering topics. We recommend that these be viewed in the following order:
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2018

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FABIG Online Lecture 006
Heat Transfer From Jet and Pool Fires

Given by Geoff Chamberlain, Waverton Consultancy
In 2018, FABIG developed a series of short Online Lectures by Geoff Chamberlain (Waverton Consultancy) covering fire engineering topics. We recommend that these be viewed in the following order:
FABIG - Online Lecture / Webinar - 2018

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FABIG Technical Meeting 095
Fire Hazards in Enclosed Spaces / Compartments

A review of large-scale experiments on hydrocarbon jet and pool fires in compartments, Geoff Chamberlain, Waverton Consultancy; Fires in enclosed spaces - Characteristics derived from experimental studies, Ragnar Wighus, RISE Fire Research; Modelling fires in compartments, James Stewart, Health and Safety Laboratory; CFD analysis of the effects of ventilation on fire loads in..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2018

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 073

CONTENTS: Editorial: 'Is the pursuit of theoretical modelling disrupting major accident risk management?'; Review of the Technical Meeting which covered 'Testing of Products and Materials Subjected to Fires & Explosions'; Behaviour of intumescent coatings under different fire conditions; Ignition probability modelling based on CFD gas dispersion simulations for..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2018

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FABIG Technical Meeting 094
Managing Fire & Explosion Hazards in a Low Oil Price Environment

Less with less: HSE resource strategies in a cost constrained world, Tom Woollard, ERM; Managing major accident hazards in late field life - An operator’s view, Toby St Leger, ConocoPhillips; Managing fire & explosion hazards from production into decommissioning, Paul Renwick, Fairfield Energy - WorleyParsons; Explosion analyses - How can we be more efficient?, Prankul Middha,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2018

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FABIG Technical Note 14
Design of Low to Medium Rise Buildings against External Explosions

This Technical Note provides recommendations and advice for the structural design of low to medium rise steel-framed buildings (typically two to five storeys high) subjected to blast action due to external explosions. Such action is often associated with industrial accidents and the blast impacts the whole (or large areas) of the building’s elevation. This is distinguished..
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2018

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 072

CONTENTS: Editorial: 'Large fires can be hotter than normally considered'; Review of the Technical Meeting which covered "Leak Frequencies: Up or Down?"; Review of the Technical Meeting which covered "New Developments For Design Against Cryogenic Releases"; Advances in Consequence Modelling for LNG Safety: Outcomes of the SafeLNG Project; Numerical Predictions of..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2018

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FABIG Technical Meeting 093
Testing of Products and Materials Subjected to Fires & Explosions

Fire integrity of process equipment - Testing and implementation, Jens Kristian Holen, Statoil; Jet fire resistance testing of passive fire protection materials - 20 years on - Update, Deborah Willoughby and Mark Royle, Health and Safety Executive; A review of the applicability of the JFRT and commentary on the need for supplementary test method development, Ian Bradley,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2017

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FABIG Technical Note 03
Use of Ultimate Strength Techniques for Fire Resistant Design of Offshore Structures

A structure subjected to a fire progressively loses its strength until the structure collapses and becomes unusable.  Advanced numerical non-linear methods enable to perform ultimate strength analyses whereby progressive failure of members is predicted: this is termed progressive collapse analyses.  The Interim Guidance Notes (IGN) refer to progressive collapse in Section..
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2017

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FABIG Technical Note 04
Explosion Resistant Design of Offshore Structures

Where gas explosions represent a credible risk, platform topsides have to be designed to withstand explosion loading. There are two aspects to consider: firstly loading on the structure and secondly loading and effect on equipment. This technical note deals principally with the first aspect but is also relevant to the second because the performance of the structure, e.g...
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2017

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FABIG Technical Note 05
Design Guide for Stainless Steel Blast Walls

This document gives guidance on the design of stainless steel blast walls made from profiled sheeting, including guidance on material behaviour and selection, response to blast loading, design for longitudinal and transverse bending effects, evaluation of plastic deformation capacity and recommendations on construction details. The document specifically addresses walls..
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2017

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FABIG Technical Note 06
Design Guide for Steel at Elevated Temperatures and High Strain Rates

This document gives guidance on available elevated temperature and high strain rate material property data for high strength steels used specifically for offshore structures. The guidance covers the data required to carry out both simplified design checks and advanced nonlinear analyses.
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2017

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FABIG Technical Note 08
Protection of Piping Systems subject to Fires and Explosions

Techniques for the design of offshore piping to resist explosions have been described in OTO 1999-046 Explosion Loading on Topsides Equipment, Part 1 Treatment of explosion Loads, Response Analysis and Design. FABIG Technical Note 8 seeks to combine this guidance with the design for fire and to extend the techniques to cover onshore plant design. Guidance on minimising hazard,..
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2017

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FABIG Technical Note 11
Fire Loading and Structural Response

This Technical Note updates and expands certain aspects of the guidance on fire engineering given in the Interim Guidance Notes, FABIG Technical Notes 1 and 6 and the UKOOA guidance.
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2017

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FABIG Technical Note 12
Vapour Cloud Development in Over-filling Incidents

This FABIG Technical Note describes an assessment method for calculating the rate at which the volume of a vapour cloud increases during an overfilling incident. The assessment method also gives the concentration of hydrocarbons within the cloud and provides some guidance on the extent of cloud spread in relatively flat sites with the kind of obstructions that would be normal..
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2017

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FABIG Technical Note 13
Design Guidance for Hydrocarbon Fires

This Technical Note updates and brings together into a single source the available guidance on fire loading and structural response in fire. In addition, new tabulated guidance on the effect of confinement on jet fires has been included and new elevated temperature material data for certain high strength steels and stainless steels have been added. This document therefore now..
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2017

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FABIG Technical Meeting 092
New Developments for Design against Cryogenic Releases

Key results from the (floating) LNG cryogenic protection JIP, Bruno Lequime and Mathieu Rivot, TechnipFMC; A simple model for predicting the chilldown of surfaces exposed to a cryogenic liquid spill, Navanshu Tripathi, Shell; ISO 20088: The only way to check the protection performance of materials, Sebastien Viale, TechnipFMC; Advanced cryogenic risk for FLNGs and FSRUs:..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2017

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 071

CONTENTS: Design Explosion Loads Specification for Safety Critical Systems; New Procedure for Non-linear Structural Response Analysis of Offshore Installations subjected to Explosions; Robustness of Steel Framed Structures in Fire: Effects of Joints and Methods of Improvement; Research on Design against Punching of Concrete Walls due to Blast Loading; Common Challenges..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2017

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FABIG Technical Meeting Korea 08
Fire and Explosion Safety Issues in the Chemical Industries

Safety technology and policy in the chemical industries, Prof. Kichang Im, University of Ulsan; Testing and certification industry for LNG bunkering core equipment, Dr. Soohan Park, Gyeongnam Technopark; Fire extinguishing design and application, Younghun Lee, KOSORI
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2017

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FABIG Technical Meeting 091
Leak Frequencies: Up or Down?

History of the hydrocarbon release database (HCRD), problems encountered and improvements made, David Mansfield and Brian Bain, ESR Technology / DNV GL; HCR Database and its use in the future, Sumeet Pabby, Health and Safety Executive; New insights from compilation of high quality hydrocarbon leak database for installations on the Norwegian Continental Shelf, Jens Morten..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2017

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FABIG Technical Meeting Australia 04
Managing Fire and Explosion Risk on Ageing Assets

Tank overflow protection and surge mitigation: lessons learned from Buncefield and Bellingham, Steve Cooper, Advisian; Preventing Major Accident Events in aging assets, Ryan Goostrey, Origin Energy; Occupied building retrofits for evolving hazards, Suzanne Shaw, MMI Engineering; Impacts of dangerous goods storages on infrastructure and buildings: the designers’ and developers’..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2017

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 070

CONTENTS: Review of the Technical Meeting which covered "Improving Safety by Integrating Lessons from Undesirable Events into Design and Operation"; Review of the Technical Meeting which covered "New Insights into Risk Assessment"; Optimisation of Site Layout and Process Design using QRA Techniques; Development of a Model Evaluation Protocol for Hydrogen Applications;..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2017

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FABIG Technical Meeting 090
Response of Buildings to Explosions Caused by Industrial Accidents

Introduction and overview of the BASIS project, Bassam Burgan, Steel Construction Institute; Explosion loading on buildings: Experimental results and comparison with numerical models, Jean-Luc Hanus, INSA Centre Val de Loire; Explosion loading on buildings: Comparison with analytical models, Yann Gregoire, INERIS; Response of building components to explosions: Static tests on..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2017

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HSE RR1091
Remote Operated Vehicle (ROV) inspection of long term mooring systems for floating offshore installations. Mooring integrity Joint Industry Project Phase 2

Mooring Integrity for floating offshore installations is an important safety issue for the offshore oil and gas industry. This report is one outcome from Phase 2 of the Joint Industry Project on Mooring Integrity. This work ran from 2008 to 2012 and had 35 industry participants. It followed the Phase 1 work described in HSE Research Report RR444 (2006). The Phase 2 work..
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1090
Mooring integrity for floating offshore installations joint industry project. Phase 2: summary

Mooring Integrity for floating offshore installations is an important safety issue for the offshore oil and gas industry. This report summarises the outcomes of Phase 2 of the Joint Industry Project on Mooring Integrity. This work ran from 2008 to 2012 and had 35 industry participants. It followed the Phase 1 work described in HSE Research Report RR444 ‘Floating Production..
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1092
Practical method for calculating mooring chain wear for floating offshore installations. Mooring integrity Joint Industry Project Phase 2

Mooring integrity for floating offshore installations is an important safety issue for the offshore oil and gas industry. This report is one outcome from Phase 2 of the Joint Industry Project on Mooring Integrity. This work ran from 2008 to 2012 and had 35 industry participants. It followed the Phase 1 work described in HSE Research Report RR444 (2006). The Phase 2 work..
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1093
An assessment of proof load effect on the fatigue life of offshore mooring chain for floating offshore installations. Mooring integrity Joint Industry Project Phase 2

Mooring Integrity for floating offshore installations is an important safety issue for the offshore oil and gas industry. This report is one outcome from Phase 2 of the Joint Industry Project on Mooring Integrity. This work ran from 2008 to 2012 and had 35 industry participants. It followed the Phase 1 work described in HSE Research Report RR444 (2006). The Phase 2 work..
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1094
Microbiologically influenced corrosion of mooring systems for floating offshore installations. Mooring Integrity Joint Industry Project Phase 2

Mooring Integrity for floating offshore installations is an important safety issue for the offshore oil and gas industry. This report is one outcome from Phase 2 of the Joint Industry Project on Mooring Integrity. This work ran from 2008 to 2012 and had 35 industry participants. It followed the Phase 1 work described in HSE Research Report RR444 (2006). The Phase 2 work..
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1095
Guidelines for monitoring the service and behaviour of mooring systems for floating offshore installations. Mooring Integrity Joint Industry Project Phase 2

Mooring integrity for floating offshore installations is an important safety issue for the offshore oil and gas industry. This report is one outcome from Phase 2 of the Joint Industry Project on Mooring Integrity. This work ran from 2008 to 2012 and had 35 industry participants. It followed the Phase 1 work described in HSE Research Report RR444 (2006). The Phase 2 work..
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1096
The effect of wear and corrosion of steel components on the integrity of mooring systems for floating offshore installations. Mooring Integrity Joint Industry Project Phase 2

Mooring integrity for floating offshore installations is an important safety issue for the offshore oil and gas industry. This report is one outcome from Phase 2 of the Joint Industry Project on Mooring Integrity. This work ran from 2008 to 2012 and had 35 industry participants. It followed the Phase 1 work described in HSE Research Report RR444 (2006). The Phase 2 work..
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1097
Mooring failure detection systems for floating offshore installations. Mooring Integrity Joint Industry Project Phase 2

Mooring integrity for floating offshore installations is an important safety issue for the offshore oil and gas industry. This report is one outcome from Phase 2 of the Joint Industry Project on Mooring Integrity. This work ran from 2008 to 2012 and had 35 industry participants. It followed the Phase 1 work described in HSE Research Report RR444 (2006). The Phase 2 work..
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1098
Degradation of mooring chains of floating offshore installations: chain measurement, estimation of wear, corrosion rates, and their effect on break load. Mooring Integrity Joint Industry Project Phase 2

Mooring integrity for floating offshore installations is an important safety issue for the offshore oil and gas industry. This report is one outcome from Phase 2 of the Joint Industry Project on Mooring Integrity. This work ran from 2008 to 2012 and had 35 industry participants. It followed the Phase 1 work described in HSE Research Report RR444 (2006). The Phase 2 work..
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1099
Review of consequence model evaluation protocols for major hazards under the EU SAPHEDRA platform

To safeguard the public, predictive mathematical models are used to estimate the potential consequences of major accident hazards in order to inform risk-based decision making. For instance, these models cover release, dispersion, fire and explosion of hazardous substances. It is important that the performance and limits of applicability of these models is well understood...
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1100
Evaluation of the DRIFT gas dispersion model version 3.6.4

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) uses gas dispersion modelling in its assessment of the hazards and risks posed by toxic and flammable substances stored at major hazards sites. To update its dispersion modelling capability, HSE recently commissioned ESR Technology to develop a new version of the gas dispersion model DRIFT (Dispersion of Releases Involving Flammables or..
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1101
Modelling the dispersion of vapour from pools of toxic liquids using DRIFT 3

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) uses gas dispersion modelling in its assessment of the hazards and risks posed by toxic and flammable substances stored at major hazards sites. To update its dispersion modelling capability, HSE recently commissioned ESR Technology to develop a new version of the gas dispersion model DRIFT (Dispersion of Releases Involving Flammables or..
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1107
Area classification for oil mists - final report of a Joint Industry Project

Many types of industrial equipment can potentially produce an explosive oil mist if a fault develops. As part of controlling the risk, the Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations (DSEAR) require risk based ‘area classification’ in places where oil mists can be produced. However, information on the conditions in which a mist can be ignited and continue to burn..
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1108
Liquid classification for flammable mists

Many types of industrial equipment can potentially produce an explosive oil mist if a fault develops. However, information on the conditions in which a mist can be ignited and continue to burn is limited. To help address this, HSE and 14 industry sponsors co-funded a Joint Industry Project (JIP) on oil mist formation and ignition.
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1109
Experimental investigation of oil mist explosion hazards (Phase 1)

Many types of industrial equipment can potentially produce an explosive oil mist if a fault develops. However, information on the conditions in which a mist can be ignited and continue to burn is limited. To help address this, HSE and 14 industry sponsors co-funded a Joint Industry Project (JIP) on oil mist formation and ignition.
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1110
Experimental investigation of oil mist explosion hazards (Phase 2)

Many types of industrial equipment can potentially produce an explosive oil mist if a fault develops. However, information on the conditions in which a mist can be ignited and continue to burn is limited. To help address this, HSE and 14 industry sponsors co-funded a Joint Industry Project (JIP) on oil mist formation and ignition.
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1111
CFD modelling of oil mists for area classification

Many types of industrial equipment can potentially produce an explosive oil mist if a fault develops. However, information on the conditions in which a mist can be ignited and continue to burn is limited. To help address this, HSE and 14 industry sponsors co-funded a Joint Industry Project (JIP) on oil mist formation and ignition.
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1113
Review of vapour cloud explosion incidents

Major incidents worldwide have involved large vapour cloud explosions, including the Buncefield explosion in 2005. It is important to learn from historical incidents to understand the risk profile of installations.
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1114
Offshore accident and failure frequency data sources - review and recommendations

Appropriate failure frequencies are a crucial requirement to perform quantitative risk assessment (QRA) to demonstrate compliance with established risk criterion and the associated regulatory compliance. It also enables estimation of potential loss of life, one of the measures used by HSE to prioritise offshore inspections. This work critically reviews failure frequency data..
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1120
A review of the applicability of the jet fire resistance test method to severe release scenarios

When assessing safety cases for offshore installations, HSE may have to consider if the passive fire protection materials installed are suitable to protect against the events they may encounter. In situations where passive fire protection for structures and components could be subject to an intense jet fire, that suitability is judged by the results of testing to the ISO22899-1..
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1121
Overview of carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects at HSE’s Buxton Laboratory

Over the last decade, the UK Government has supported innovation and growth in Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology with the aim of commercial deployment. CCS research across the UK has reduced potential risks by helping to develop a thorough understanding of the operational hazards and by contributing to the design of safe plant and processes.
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1122
The Deepwater Horizon Incident: Fire and Explosion Issues

The loss of life and serious environmental damage from the blow out incident on the semi-submersible drilling rig Deepwater Horizon in 2010 in the US sector of the Gulf of Mexico has forced a reappraisal of the risks associated with drilling.
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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HSE RR1123
Fixed flammable gas detector systems on offshore installations: optimisation and assessment of effectiveness

Flammable gas detector systems provide a vital real-time monitoring method of hazard warning in the major hazards sector for installations such as offshore modules and petrochemical and chemical plants. It is important to consider the functioning of individual detectors and the effectiveness of the network of detectors within a system.
HSE - External Publication - 2017

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FABIG Technical Meeting 089
New Insights into Risk Assessment

Optimisation of site layout and process design using QRA techniques in total, Dirk Roosendans & Geoffrey Woodward, Total; Cryogenic risk analysis and protection of FLNG, Yunji Hwang, Samsung Heavy Industries; Oil and Gas UK guidelines for managing cumulative risk, John Morgan, DNV GL; Sensitivity and uncertainty analysis of consequence models, Adrian Kelsey and Simon Gant,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2016

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FABIG Technical Meeting Australia 03
Engineering Fire & Explosion Risk Mitigation

Creating value through fire risk assessments - An operator’s perspective, Simon Bugg, Woodside Energy; Evolutionary design: passive fire protection optimisation using a genetic algorithm, Charles Hendry, MMI Engineering; Robust structural steel PFP maintenance solutions, Chris Partington, AkzoNobel; The development of new correlations for estimating peak overpressures from..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2016

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FABIG Technical Meeting Korea 07
Advances in Fire Safety Systems

Evaluation of Carbon Dioxide Fire Extinguishing System for Marine Application, Jae Han Bae, UL Korea; Fire Detection and Suppression of Electric Cabinet Fire, Dr. Moon-Hak Jee, Nara Fire Safety Professional Engineering Office; Fast Discharge Fire Extinguishers for Explosive Fires in Combat Vehicles, Young Hwan Do, U-In Tech; Verification Test of Flameproof Enclosures, Sa Hwan..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2016

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 069

CONTENTS: Reviews of the UK Technical Meetings which covered "Developments in Fire Loading and Relevant Standards" and "Lessons Learnt from Recent Accidents"; Large Eddy Simulation of a Mechanically Ventilated Compartment Fire; ISO Jet Fire Standard ISO 22899-1:2007 & ISO/TR 22899-2 - Current Status; A Review of Existing Literature Relating to the Performance of Simple..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2016

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FABIG Technical Meeting 088
Improving Safety by Integrating Lessons from Undesirable Events into Design and Operation

Wellhead failure investigation with the use of modern analysis tools - A real life case study, Nathan Pinkston, Wild Well Advanced Engineering; Comprehensive analysis of high potential events and return of experience, Christian Kapp, Total; Scientific analysis of accidental explosion on a gas treatment plant: How to improve industrial practices, Pierre Quillatre, ENGIE Lab,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2016

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FABIG Technical Meeting 087
Ensuring the Adequacy of CFD Modelling in Safety Engineering

Introduction: Challenges in the use of CFD modelling in safety engineering, Vincent Tam, DNV GL; SUSANA project - Development of a model evaluation protocol for CFD analysis of hydrogen and fuel cell systems, Olaf Jedicke and Daniele Baraldi, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology / Joint Research Centre; Review of physical and numerical models for hydrogen releases, dispersion,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2016

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FABIG Technical Meeting 086
Lessons Learnt from Recent Accidents

Revisiting the 2004 Skikda explosion 12 years later, Scott Davis, Gexcon; Findings from the U.S. CSB Caribbean Petroleum investigation, Kristen Kulinowski and Vidisha Parasram, U.S. Chemical Safety Board; An investigation of the vapour cloud explosion at the CAPECO tank storage site, Puerto Rico, Geoff Chamberlain, Waverton Consultancy; Lessons learnt from the november 2013..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2016

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 068

CONTENTS: Review of the UK Technical Meetings which covered "Sources and Likelihood of Ignition Mechanisms" and "New Developments in Explosion Control and Mitigation"; The Method and Benefits of Risk-based Fire and Gas Detection Mapping; Four Generations of Fire and Blast Resistant Walls; Developments in Blast Wall Layout, Design and Assessment for Offshore..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2016

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HSE RR1076
Spontaneous ignition of gas turbine lubricants at temperatures below their standard auto-ignition temperatures

There have been a number of incidents resulting in lubricating oil leaking in offshore gas turbine enclosures which could ignite if they came into contact with hot surfaces below their Auto Ignition Temperature (AIT). To assess the risk of auto-ignition, standard minimum AITs are used. However, AITs under industrial conditions are difficult to calculate and can be less than..
HSE - External Publication - 2016

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HSE RR1075
Benefits of data management and data trending in the UK Continental Shelf oil and gas industry

To improve the management of risks associated with ageing and life extension (ALE) of the oil and gas infrastructure on the UK Continental Shelf, HSE launched the ‘Key Programme 4’ (KP4) of targeted inspections in 2010. Two key findings were that industry could make better use of data trending and had not identified leading key performance indicators (KPIs) suitable to support..
HSE - External Publication - 2016

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FABIG Technical Meeting Australia 02
Managing Fire and Explosion Risk In Operations

Mid-life Crisis - Fire and Explosion Protection for Ageing Facilities, Graham Bower-White, TSRhorizonz Consulting; CSBP Ammonia Plant Natural Gas Release Fire Assessment, Bob Gregorovich, CSBP; A Live Picture of Organisational Risk - Integrating Risk Management with Control Assurance, Alex Apostolou, Meercat; Leading Process Safety Performance Metrics for Prevention of Loss of..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2015

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FABIG Technical Meeting 085
Developments in Fire Loading and Relevant Standards

Jet fire testing 20 years on, Deborah Willoughby and Mark Royle, Health and Safety Executive; High heat flux jet fire testing, Rob Crewe, DNV GL; Simulating full scale fire in a mechanically ventilated enclosure with the modified FireFOAM solver, Jennifer Wen, University of Warwick; Relation between standards and real hydrocarbon fires, Benjamin Truchot, Ineris; Passive fire..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2015

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FABIG Technical Meeting Korea 06
Trends in Fire and Explosion Safety & Large-Scale Testing

Application of Passive Fire Protection on Offshore Plants and Current Trends, Min-Hong Park, MK Plantec; Personnel Safety in Hazardous Areas, Henrik Eklund, Trainor; Global Trends in Large-scale Fire & Explosion Testing, Dae Kyeom Park, KOSORI; Prevention Activites for Explosion Events, James Baek, Trainor
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2015

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FABIG Technical Meeting 084
New Developments in Fire and Explosion Control and Mitigation

Mitigation of vapor cloud overpressures by injection of solid particles in the cloud, Dirk Roosendans, Total; The risk of cryogenic liquid release could have been a show stopper for the FLNG market: How did the industry respond?, Robin Wade, International Paint; Design of turbomachinery compression systems against hydrocarbon explosion loads, Andrea Magarotto and Valentina..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2015

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HSE L111 (Third Edition)
A guide to the Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations (COMAH) 2015

This guidance is for anyone who has duties under the COMAH Regulations 2015, particularly operators of establishments, and also others such as local authorities and emergency planners. The aim of the Regulations is to prevent and mitigate the effects on people and the environment of major accidents involving dangerous substances. This guidance on the COMAH Regulations 2015..
HSE - External Publication - 2015

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HSE HSG 51
The storage of flammable liquids in containers

This guidance is for those responsible for the safe storage of flammable liquids in containers at the workplace. It applies to storage of flammable liquids in containers up to 1,000 litres capacity.
HSE - External Publication - 2015

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HSE HSG 176
The storage of flammable liquids in tanks

This guidance applies to above and below ground fixed bulk storage tanks. It applies to premises where flammable liquids are stored in individual tanks or groups of tanks. It may also be applied to portable or skid-mounted vessels with capacities in excess of 1,000 litres.
HSE - External Publication - 2015

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HSE HSG 140
Safe use and handling of flammable liquids

This guidance is for those responsible for the safe use and handling of flammable liquids in all general work activities, small-scale chemical processing and spraying processes.
HSE - External Publication - 2015

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HSE HSG 176
The storage of flammable liquids in tanks

This guidance applies to above and below ground fixed bulk storage tanks. It applies to premises where flammable liquids are stored in individual tanks or groups of tanks. It may also be applied to portable or skid-mounted vessels with capacities in excess of 1000 litres.It also gives guidance on the design, construction, operation and maintenance of installation used for the..
HSE - External Publication - 2015

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 067

CONTENTS: Review of the UK Technical Meeting which covered "Subsea Hydrocarbon Release Hazards"; Societal Risk Criteria for Industrial Activities; Characterization of Deluge Spray with Image Processing; Blast Pressure Distribution around Large Storage Tanks; Probabilistic Scenario Based Fire Risk Analysis of FPSO Topside Module
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2015

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FABIG Technical Meeting 083
Sources and Likelihood of Ignition Mechanisms

New ignition probability statistics from HSE database, Jens Morten Nilsen, Lilleaker Consulting; Ignition of pipeline releases, Mike Acton, DNV GL; An update on the energy institute 'UKOOA' ignition model and guide, Dave Mansfield, ESR Technology; Modelling of ignition sources on offshore oil and gas facilities, Ingar Fossan, Lloyd's Register Consulting; Ignition by gas turbine..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2015

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FABIG Technical Meeting Korea 05
Risk Evaluation Using Computational Fluid Dynamics

Review of Validations and Verifications for the Application of FDS (Fire Dynamics Simulator) in the Nuclear Industry, Moon-Hak Jee, KHNP; Analysis of Relationship between Blast Wave and Structural Response, Masatake Yoshida, Explosion Research Institute; Risk Assessment in Compliance with the Environmental Regulations in Korea, Kyo-Sik Park, Myongji University; Explosion, Fire..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2015

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FABIG Technical Meeting Australia 01
Fire and Explosion Risk Management: An Australian Perspective

Opening Address, Simon Thurlbeck, MMI Engineering; Are we there yet?, Iain Moir, Vanguard Solutions; Blast and Impact Related Research of the Structural Dynamics Group in Curtin University, Yifei Hao, Curtin University; Recent Developments for PFP on New Projects and Existing Facilities, Simon Thurlbeck, MMI Engineering; Safety Studies for LNG Facilities, Lars Rogstadkjernet,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2015

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 066

CONTENTS: Review of the UK Technical Meeting which covered "Floating Liquefied Natural Gas (FLNG)"; Analysis of an ISO Container Subjected to Blast Loading from Vapour Cloud Detonations; Ignition of Explosive Mixtures via Particles Heated by Electromagnetic Radiation; MDOF Procedure for Blast Assessment of Offshore Baseplates
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2015

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FABIG Technical Meeting 082
Subsea Hydrocarbon Release Hazards

Subsea well response project - Enhancing international well intervention capabilities, Eli Bohnsdalen, Shell; Assessment of underwater gas blowouts - Perspectives and objectives, Jan Erik Olsen, SINTEF; Assessment of underwater gas blowouts - Experimental knowledge, Jan Erik Olsen, SINTEF; Assessment of underwater gas blowouts - Modelling, Jan Erik Olsen, SINTEF; Assessment of..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2015

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 065

CONTENTS: Review of the UK Technical Meeting which covered "Structural Materials for Weight Saving on Offshore Topsides"; Structural Composite Fire & Blast Protection Enclosure for Reducing Equipment Skid Weight; Effect of Pool Fires on Offshore Platform Decks; Hydrogen Jet Fire Regimes in an Enclosure with Two Vents: Numerical Experiments; Performance of UHPFRC Panels..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2015

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HSE RR1046
Corrosion and Cleaning of Offshore Deluge Systems

This report presents the findings of a literature review of the issues surrounding the corrosion of offshore firewater deluge systems as well as inspection and cleaning methodologies which may be used. Contributions of case studies from offshore operators is included, detailing their experiences of corrosion of deluge systems and cleaning methods and maintenance schedules.
HSE - External Publication - 2015

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HSE RR1047
Injecting Hydrogen into the Gas Network - A Literature Search

Hydrogen injection into the GB gas network is a likely consequence of using excess offshore wind generated electricity to power large-scale onshore electrolysis plants. Government and DECC in particular now have a keen interest in supporting technologies that can take advantage of the continued use of the gas networks. HSE can contribute to the government’s Growth and Green..
HSE - External Publication - 2015

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HSE RR1055
Modelling the Economic Impacts of an Accident at Major Hazard Sites

This report documents the development, implementation and results of a model to estimate the economic costs of accidents at major hazard sites in Great Britain, focusing on the impacts of the accident, and taking into consideration a broad spectrum of losses. A catastrophe-modelling type approach was used to structure the work, based around model components for hazard,..
HSE - External Publication - 2015

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HSE RR1059
A Test Method for Assessing the Performance of Oil Mist Detectors

Ignition of flammable mists, particularly oil mist, which can occur in offshore locations such as gas turbine enclosures, diesel/ships engine rooms and platform legs present a significant major accident hazard potential. Oil mist detection with appropriate emergency response (OMDs) is identified as a significant risk mitigation. However, there are gaps in the knowledge as to..
HSE - External Publication - 2015

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HSE RR1072
Investigations into the underlying causes of failures of offshore riser emergency shutdown valves

Riser emergency shutdown valves (RESDVs) are an essential risk reduction measure for offshore installations and are a legal requirement under the Pipelines Safety Regulations 1996. RESDV failures, whether arising from a test or a real demand, are reportable to HSE under RIDDOR and a preliminary survey found approximately 180 cases of failure. Given the criticality of RESDVs to..
HSE - External Publication - 2015

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FABIG Technical Meeting 081
FLNG (Floating Liquefied Natural Gas)

Key challenges in risk assessment of FLNGs, Sebastien Cochet, Stefan Ledin and Gabriele Ferrara, DNV GL; The benefits of CFD for FLNG vessels in early design phases, Scott Davis, Gexcon; Assessing and managing the hazards from cryogenic releases, Ian Cowan, Atkins; Next generation risk analysis tools with numerical models, Joaquim Pujol, Lloyd’s Register Consulting; How to..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2014

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FABIG Technical Meeting Korea 04
Offshore Risk Assessment

Human Error: Symptom or Cause? Integrating HF in Engineering, Saara Keranen, DNV GL; The Safer Methodology of LOPA, Jin hyung Park, Yokogawa; Quantitative Safety Analysis for Onshore/Offshore Energy & Petrochemical Facilities, En Sup Yoon, Seoul National University; Principles for Barrier Management - The Norwegien Way, Tom Gorski, DNV GL
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2014

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FABIG Technical Meeting 080
Structural Materials for Weight Saving on Offshore Topsides

Use of FRP composites to repair/strengthen structural steel components offshore, Eleftherios Aggelopoulos, Steel Construction Institute; Fire & blast resistant escape tunnel on a FPSO using sandwich plate system, Stephen Kennedy, Intelligent Engineering; Structural composite fire & blast protection enclosure for reducing equipment skid weight, Matthew Chalk, Solent Composite..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2014

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FABIG Technical Note 13
Design Guidance for Hydrocarbon Fires

This Technical Note updates and brings together into a single source the available guidance on fire loading and structural response in fire. In addition, new tabulated guidance on the effect of confinement on jet fires has been included and new elevated temperature material data for certain high strength steels and stainless steels have been added. This document therefore now..
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2014

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 064

CONTENTS: Review of the UK Technical Meeting which covered "Managing Hazards in Extreme Operating Conditions"; Review of the UK Technical Meeting which covered "Determination and Specification of Explosion Loads"; Large Vapour Clouds - Dispersion and Explosion Characteristics; Blast Resistant Design at Low Temperatures; Damage Criteria for Strurctures and Equipment;..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2014

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HSE OIS 1/2014
Training for emergencies on offshore installations

This sheet deals with the training of offshore personnel with specific emergency response duties, and those who may be affected by an emergency.
HSE - External Publication - 2014

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FABIG Technical Meeting 079
Determination and Specification of Explosion Loads

Factors influencing the explosion DAL and quantification of their importance, Gladys Nalvarte, DNV GL; Explosion risk assessment for an FPSO and design accidental load specification for non-linear finite element analysis, Camille Azzi and Robert Brewerton, Gexcon / Natabelle Technology; Design explosion load specification for large floating facilities, Laurent Paris, Technip;..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2014

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FABIG Technical Meeting Korea 03
Explosion Risk Evaluation

Using FLACS CFD for the Assessment of Explosions and Toxic / Flammable Releases in Onshore Petrochemical and LNG Installations, Djurre Siccama, Gexcon; 3D Explosion Analysis using Phast, Ky-Soo Kim, DNV GL; Interface between FLACS and LS-DYNA for Non-linear Structural Consequence Analysis, Sang Jin Kim and Jeom Kee Paik, KOSORI; Passive Fire Protection - Products, Approvals and..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2014

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FABIG Technical Meeting 078
Dispersion and Explosion Characteristics of Large Vapour Clouds (Buncefield Explosion Mechanism JIP - Phase 2)

Background and summary of project objectives, Pol Hoorelbeke, Total; Vapour cloud formation, Graham Atkinson, Health and Safety Laboratory; Effect of vegetation on vapour cloud explosions - Medium scale experiments, Kees van Wingerden, Gexcon; Effect of vegetation on vapour cloud explosions - Full scale experiments, Mike Johnson and Dan Allason, DNV GL; Effect of vegetation on..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2014

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BEM Phase II JIP
Buncefield Explosion Mechanism Joint Industry Project Phase II

This is the final report of the 'Dispersion and Explosion Characteristics of Large Vapour Clouds' Joint Industry Project. The project’s ultimate objectives were to understand vapour cloud development following large losses of primary containment, the characteristics of explosions involving large flat flammable vapour clouds and the explosion mechanisms that can give rise to..
SCI - Publications available through FABIG - 2014

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 063

CONTENT: Review of the Korean Technical Meeting which covered "Explosion & Fire Risk Control in Various Industries"; Review of the Korean Technical Meeting which covered "Fires and Explosions in Petrochemical Plants"; Review of the UK Technical Meeting which covered "Risk Management of Ageing Facilities: Best Practice"; Review of the UK Technical Meeting which covered..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2014

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HSE RR1001
Flammable Mists from Accidental Hydrocarbon Releases Offshore

The report investigates offshore hydrocarbon releases in an attempt to identify whether mists of hydrocarbon droplets were formed, and if these presented a flammability hazard. Scientific literature has been searched for the present state of knowledge of the physics of two-phase mist generation. An empirical correlation has been used to model the reported hydrocarbon releases..
HSE - External Publication - 2014

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HSE RR1023
Reliable Corrosion Inhibition in the Oil and Gas Industry

The objective of the work was to undertake a literature review on the subject of corrosion inhibition in the offshore oil and gas industry to understand the current issues. The application of chemical corrosion inhibitors can significantly reduce the rate of corrosion of carbon steel pipelines due to the presence of CO2 and/or H2S. An inhibited corrosion rate of 0.1 mm/year can..
HSE - External Publication - 2014

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HSE RR1028
Further Validation of the ACE Instantaneous Source Model

ACE (Airborne Concentration Estimate) is a model originally developed by WS Atkins on behalf of HSE for computing source terms arising from instantaneous flashing releases. The model has since been reviewed and enhanced through a series of extensive tests that have been performed by HSL. Inputs to ACE are the substance, its mass and storage conditions and ambient weather..
HSE - External Publication - 2014

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HSE RR985
Modelling of liquid hydrogen spills

In the long term the key to the development of a hydrogen economy is a full infrastructure to support it, which includes means for the delivery and storage of hydrogen at the point of use, eg at hydrogen refuelling stations for vehicles. As an interim measure to allow the development of refuelling stations and rapid implementation of hydrogen distribution to them, liquid..
HSE - External Publication - 2014

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HSE RR986
Releases of unignited liquid hydrogen

In the long term the key to the development of a hydrogen economy is a full infrastructure to support it, which includes means for the delivery and storage of hydrogen at the point of use, eg at hydrogen refuelling stations for vehicles. As an interim measure to allow the development of refuelling stations and rapid implementation of hydrogen distribution to them, liquid..
HSE - External Publication - 2014

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HSE RR987
Ignited releases of liquid hydrogen

In the long term the key to the development of a hydrogen economy is a full infrastructure to support it, which includes means for the delivery and storage of hydrogen at the point of use, eg at hydrogen refuelling stations for vehicles. As an interim measure to allow the development of refuelling stations and rapid implementation of hydrogen distribution to them, liquid..
HSE - External Publication - 2014

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FABIG Technical Meeting 077
Managing Hazards in Extreme Operating Conditions

Challenges in fire & explosion design of arctic installations, Joar Dalheim, Lloyd's Register Consulting; Aspects of explosion venting in arctic regions, Josué Quilliou, GexCon AS; Detection and control of leaks with high concentrations of H2S, Zhu Liang and Zhu Shengjie, SINOPEC Research Institute of Safety Engineering; Blast resistant design in the arctic, Ali Sari, Atkins;..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2013

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 062

CONTENT: The Importance of Experimental Research in the Understanding of Gas Explosions; Advances in Explosion Modelling; Experimental Research on Fire Loading and its Implications Today; Adoption of Risk Based Assessment Methods for Fires and Explosions in Design; Advances in Structural Design against Fires & Explosions; Management of Fire and Explosion Hazards - An..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2013

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FABIG Technical Meeting Korea 02
Fires and Explosions in Petrochemical Plants

Safety Integrity Level, Jinhyung Park, Yokogawa Electric Korea; Process Design Concept of LNG Regasification Terminal, Youngsoon Sohn, KOGAS; Passive Fire Protection Trend on Onshore Plants, Youngwoo Chon, Lloyd’s Register Consulting; Fire & Explosion Prevention Activities in Petrochemical Plants, Chanho Tae, GS Caltex; Safety Challenges with LNG Bunkering Terminals, Daejun..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2013

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FABIG Technical Meeting 076
Challenges in Pipeline Design and Operation

HSE perspective on UK challenges in pipeline design and operation, Ian Redshaw and Hazel Hancock, Health and Safety Executive; Risk-based approach to intelligent pigging frequency, Theresa Reddy and Jonathan Wallace, Chevron; Predicting subsurface gas dispersion from blowouts, Jan Erik Olsen, SINTEF; Challenges in the safe design of onshore pipelines, Darrell Tucker, CB&I; The..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2013

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HSE OIS 3/2013
Fit testing respiratory protective equipment for escape and emergency response on offshore installations


HSE - External Publication - 2013

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HSE OIS 4/2013
Offshore installation moorings

This information sheet applies to offshore installation moorings. It replaces OTO 2001/50 on Station keeping; SPC/ENF/50 on the Reporting of Mooring Failures; and supplements Safety Notice 3 2005 on FPSO (floating production storage and offloading vessel) mooring inspection. The guidance is for marine technical authorities and their contractors engaged in design, installation,..
HSE - External Publication - 2013

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HSE OIS 2/2013
Drill-floor machinery and tubular-handling safety

Automation of drill-floor machinery and tubular-handling equipment has many advantages but it can introduce new hazards. Malfunctions of such machinery and equipment have a high potential for serious injury or fatality.This information sheet provides guidance on managing risks in relation to drill-floor machinery and tubular-handling equipment, both existing and new. It applies..
HSE - External Publication - 2013

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HSE OIS 1/2013
Application of health and safety law offshore

The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 (Application outside Great Britain) Order 2013 (the ‘Order’) is expected to come into effect on 6 April 2013.
HSE - External Publication - 2013

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FABIG Technical Meeting 075
Advances in Fire & Explosion Engineering Since Piper Alpha (Session at Oil & Gas UK Piper 25 Conference)

State of knowledge post Piper Alpha, Bassam Burgan, Steel Construction Institute; Experimental research on explosion loading, Mike Johnson, GL Noble Denton; Advances in explosion modelling, Kees van Wingerden, Gexcon; Experimental research on fire loading, Geoff Chamberlain, Waverton Consultancy; Adoption of risk assessment methods in design, Asmund Huser and Viken Chinien,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2013

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FABIG Technical Meeting 074
Risk Management of Ageing Facilities: Best Practice

HSE's KP4 offshore ageing & life extension project: Current findings and good practices, Andrew Duncan, Health and Safety Executive; Brownfield risk management - New standards, old bearers, John Morgan, GL Noble Denton; Post-fire structural integrity of composite gratings for offshore platforms, Richard Holliday, MMI Engineering; Temporary refuge integrity: A new Energy..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2013

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FABIG Technical Meeting Korea 01
Explosion & Fire Risk Control in Various Industries

Introduction to FABIG, Bassam Burgan, Steel Construction Institute; Explosions and Fires in Offshore Oil & Gas Facilities, Jurek Czujko, Nowatec E&C; Explosions and Fires in Petrochemical Plants, Yun Ho Lee, Air Products Korea; Fires in Nuclear Power Plants, Doo Chan Choi, Korea Fire Protection UBIS; Fires in High-rise Building, Jun Ho Hwang, KOSORI
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2013

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 061

CONTENTS: Review of Technical Meeting which covered "Update on Fire & Explosion Guidance, Standards & Regulations"; Review of Technical Meeting which covered "Carbon Capture & Storage - The Safety Issues"; Review of Technical Meeting which covered "Vapour Cloud Formation"; The ALARP Argument; Management of Flacs Analyses: Pressure Growth, DAL Specification and Response..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2013

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FABIG Technical Note 12
Vapour Cloud Development in Over-filling Incidents

This FABIG Technical Note describes an assessment method for calculating the rate at which the volume of a vapour cloud increases during an overfilling incident. The assessment method also gives the concentration of hydrocarbons within the cloud and provides some guidance on the extent of cloud spread in relatively flat sites with the kind of obstructions that would be normal..
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2013

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FABIG Technical Meeting 073
Vapour Cloud Formation

Formation of very large vapour clouds - Incidents and large scale experiments, Graham Atkinson, Health and Safety Laboratory; A new method for assessment of the consequences of liquid releases: FABIG Technical Note 12, Simon Coldrick, Health and Safety Laboratory; Dispersion based vapour cloud explosion analysis for facility siting, David Quintero and Peter Smith, BakerRisk;..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2013

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HSE RR1002
Review of Standards for Thermal Protection PPE in the Explosives Industry

The suitability of PPE for use against different thermal challenges is often described by way of compliance with British, European or internationally agreed standards. The review compared the range of test standards currently used for flame protective PPE for both general industrial use and specialist PPE for motor racing and firefighting tasks with the thermal challenge..
HSE - External Publication - 2013

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HSE RR959
Application of a testing regime for offshore fire dampers

Fire dampers are used widely offshore as components of heating and ventilation systems yet the testing regime in place is inappropriate for offshore, where the possibility of hydrocarbon releases leading to a jet fire is high. This is because it simply uses an oven and therefore does not simulate the forces that a jet fire or explosion would exert on what is a precision piece..
HSE - External Publication - 2013

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HSE RR980
Generation of flammable mists from high flashpoint fluids: Literature review

Hazardous Area Classification (HAC) for explosive gas atmospheres is well established, with guidance published in various standards and industry codes of practice. However, the same situation is not currently the case for high flashpoint liquid releases that could give rise to an explosive mist atmosphere. There is a pressing need for clear guidance on mist hazards to allow..
HSE - External Publication - 2013

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HSE RR993
Technical input on ventilation effectiveness for area classification guidance EI15

The Energy Institute’s guidance on hazardous area classification “Area classification code for installations handling flammable fluids”, commonly known as EI15 (and previously IP15), is used extensively in the UK and elsewhere by the petroleum industry and others, and is currently under revision. Ventilation is a key factor in area classification and it was recognised that the..
HSE - External Publication - 2013

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HSE RR997
Modelling smoke and gas ingress into offshore temporary refuges

The Cullen report into the Piper Alpha disaster recommended that a temporary refuge (TR) should be provided on all offshore installations. The TR is required to have a defined performance standard related to its survivability when exposed to a major accident that includes, but is not limited to, ingress of smoke, flammable and toxic gas.
HSE - External Publication - 2013

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FABIG Technical Meeting 072
Carbon Capture & Storage: The Safety Issues

Carbon capture & storage health and safety: Challenges and opportunities, Rosemary Whitbread, Health and Safety Laboratory; CO2RISKMAN JIP: New industry guidance on major accident hazard management of the CCS CO2 stream, Hamish Holt, DNV KEMA; COOLTRANS: Introduction and overview, Julian Barnett, National Grid; COOLTRANS: Fracture control and the design of dense phase CO2..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2012

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Accident Description: Tamaulipas Refinery, Mexico
Tamaulipas Refinery, Reynosa, Mexico, 18 September 2012

The Tamaulipas Refinery is located in the City of Reynosa in Tamaulipas, Mexico and is owned by Petróleos Mexicanos (Pemex), the Mexican state-run petroleum company. It is located on the border of McAllen, Texas, USA and serves as a key entry point of natural gas to Mexico from the United States of America. Prior to the incident, Pemex suffered a series of smaller explosions..
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 2012

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FABIG Technical Meeting 071
Update on Fire & Explosion Guidance, Standards and Regulations

Proposed EU safety regulation: The UK position, Bob Lauder and Trisha O'Reilly, Oil & Gas UK; Revising industry guidelines on risk related decision making, David Piper, Petrofac; EFEF JIP procedure for quantitative assessment and management of hydrocarbon explosion and fire risks on offshore installations, Bong Ju Kim, Pusan National University; Lloyd's new guidelines for the..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2012

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Accident Description: Amuay Refinery, Venezuela
Amuay Refinery, Falcón, Venezuela, 01 September 2012

The Amuay Refinery forms part of the Paraguaná Refinery Complex located in the Paraguaná Peninsula, Venezuela. Operated by the state owned Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA), it is the second largest refinery complex in the world, refining 955 thousand barrels per day and accounting for 71% of the refining capacity of Venezuela.
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 2012

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 060

CONTENTS: Review of Technical Meeting which covered "Best Practice in Fire and Explosion Modelling"; Review of Technical Meeting which covered "New Developments in Fire Resistant Materials"; Robustness of Steel Framed Structures in Fire; Transient Pressure Loading of Clamped Plates with Holes; Paradigm Change in Safety Design against Hydrocarbon Explosions and Fires
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2012

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FABIG Technical Meeting 070
New Development in Fire Resistant Materials

Fire interaction with grated deck structures, Richard Holliday and Enrique Munoz-Garcia, MMI Engineering; Novel applications for fire and blast protection of pipe flanges and modules using composite materials, Matthew Chalk, Solent Composite Systems; Performance testing of aerospace composites, Stuart Jagger, Health and Safety Laboratory; Extended jet fire testing - Larger..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2012

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 059

CONTENTS: Review of Technical Meeting which covered 'Reassessment and Upgrade of Existing Facilities'; Goal Setting Approach for Blast Resistant Design; The Nomogram for Axial Concentration Decay in Hydrogen Momentum-Controlled Jets; Improved Estimation of Failure Frequencies for Offshore Pipelines and Risers
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2012

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FABIG Technical Meeting 069
Best Practice in Fire and Explosion Modelling

Development of geometry models for explosion pressure analysis and sensitivity of results to completeness - A case study, Bob Brewerton, Gexcon; Development of a response surface approach for probabilistic explosion modelling for large FPSOs and FLNG, Joaquim Pujol and Chris Jones, DNV; Fire and explosion modelling - Bridging the gaps between academic research and industrial..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2012

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FABIG Technical Meeting 068
Reassessment and Upgrade of Existing Facilities

Structural assessment of occupied buildings on petrochemical sites, refurbishment and replacement case studies, Ian Maclachlan, IKM Consulting; Reassessment of existing control room to meet revised blast loads, Stephen Ward, Baker Ward; Optimization of flame detector layouts using genetic algorithms, Oliver Heynes, MMI Engineering; Reassessment and upgrade of offshore topsides..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2011

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 058

CONTENTS: Review of Past Technical Meetings which covered ‘Liquefied Natural Gas’, ‘Design for Extreme Events’ and ‘Update on Recent Events and Related Research’; Explosion & Fire Engineering of FPSOs (EFEF JIP): Definition of Design Fire Loads; Specifying Intumescent Coatings for Structural Steel Subject to Jet Fires; Ignition Energy of Methane-Hydrogen-Air Mixtures ..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2011

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FABIG Technical Meeting 067
Update on Recent Accidents and Related Research

Lessons from ICL - Addressing the safety of bulk LPG installations, Julian Delic, Health and Safety Executive; Evidence from Jaipur vapour cloud explosion and comparison with Buncefield, Mike Johnson, GL Noble Denton; Analysis of 3 years of events with high consequence potential in total petrochemicals, Dirk Roosendans, Total Petrochemicals; Vulnerability of buildings near..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2011

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GL Noble Denton Report 11510
Characteristics of the Vapour Cloud Explosion Incident at the IOC Terminal in Jaipur, 29th October 2009

This report describes the characteristics of the vapour cloud explosion incident which occurred at the IOC Terminal in Jaipur on the 29th of October 2009. More particularly, it describes the assessment of the evidence pertaining specifically to the explosion event, which complements the overall investigation carried out by the independent inquiry committee. This report also..
GL Noble Denton - Publications available through FABIG - 2011

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HSE KP4
Report on Key Programme 4 (KP4): Ageing and life extension programme

This is a report of the inspection findings of the Health and Safety Executive’s (HSE’s) Energy Division’s (ED’s) Key Programme 4 (KP4) covering the ageing and life extension (ALE) challenges facing hydrocarbon exploration and production installations on the UK’s Continental Shelf (UKCS). The programme investigated the impact of ALE on the risk of major accidents involving the..
HSE - External Publication - 2011

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FABIG Technical Meeting 066
Design for Extreme Events

Designing offshore structures to survive extreme metocean events, Donald Smith, Eni UK ; Failure probabilities for offshore structures subject to extreme environmental hazards, Mark Manzocchi, Atkins; Consequence based seismic risk assessment and mitigation, Sirous Yasseri, Safe Sight Technology; Insurance and extreme events, Geoff Burnett, Shell
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2011

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 057

CONTENTS: Review of Technical Meeting covering ‘Complex Release Scenarios’; Leak frequency modelling for offshore QRA based on the hydrocarbon release database; Concentration decay in Hydrogen non-reacting momentum-controlled jets; Strain based acceptance criteria for blast resistant design; Numerical and experimental investigations on the blast resistance of..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2011

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FABIG Technical Meeting 065
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)

Risks from large LNG releases, Phil Cleaver, GL Noble Denton; Safety design in baseload LNG plants, Masayuki Tanabe, Keiji Tanigawa and Satoshi Kanno, JGC Corporation; A structured methodology for assessing the strengths and weaknesses of LNG source term and dispersion models, Stuart Jagger, Health and Safety Laboratory; Fire and explosion modelling for FLNG, Jeff Daycock and..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2011

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 056

CONTENTS: Update of the ‘Fire & Blast Technical Directory’ on FABIG website; Video recordings of Technical Meetings available on demand on FABIG website; Review of past FABIG Technical Meetings; An improved ray casting tool for flame detection analysis; What does inherently safer mean?; Modelling the response of UHPFRC panels to explosive loading
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2011

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Accident Description: Puebla Oil Pipeline, Mexico
Puebla Oil Pipeline, Puebla, Mexico, 19 December 2010

The Nuevo Teapa pipeline is a 30-inch pipeline owned by state company Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) carrying oil from the port of Dos Bocas in Tabasco to the Tula refinery in Hidalgo. As for many other pipelines owned by Pemex across Mexico, the pipeline had been the recipient of several illegal taps by criminal gangs in order to siphon off the fuel. Over 100 such taps had been..
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 2010

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FABIG Technical Meeting 064
Complex Release Scenarios

Liquid leaks - Atomized or not?, Tarek Yousef, Scandpower; Two-phase jet releases, droplet dispersion and rainout: Experiments and model validation, Henk Witlox, DNV; Large scale tests for oil & gas releases into complex geometry, including the effect of water in the release and the effect of deluge systems, Ragnar Wighus and Are Opstad Sæbø, SINTEF NBL; Simulations of..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2010

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FABIG Technical Meeting 063
Modern Structural Design against Explosions

New basis for the design of high pressure polyethylene (LDPE) reactor enclosure to blast, Christophe Catala, Technip; Structural assessment of blast resistant modules: A case study, Alastair smith, Daniel Mahoney and Alban Proietto, Atkins; Mitigating blast effects on existing buildings, Stephen Ward, Baker Risk; Optimisation of extensive onshore plant with many closed modules,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2010

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FABIG Technical Meeting 062
Innovations for the Prevention, Detection, Control and Mitigation of Fires and Explosions

Real time emergency response through source determination and 3D dispersion modelling, Amita Tripathi and Thibault Mailliard, Fluidyn; Large flammable vapour clouds - How they form … and what the risks are, Graham Atkinson, Health and Safety Laboratory; Control of boilovers during tank fires using additives prior to and during emergency response, Jeanne van Buren, Rotterdam..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2010

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 055

CONTENTS: Revision to FABIG Technical Note 11; Review of FABIG Technical Meeting on ‘Managing Low Probability High Consequence Events’; A Methodology for the Assessment of Gas Detector Configurations in Offshore Intake Ducts; Dispersion of Accidental Release of H2S on a Gas production site followed in real-time by 3D modelling; Blast Resistant Design of Process Piping:..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2010

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FABIG Technical Meeting 061
Ignition

Ten things you should know about electrostatic ignition hazards, Richard Ball, Chilworth Technology; Critical conditions for auto-ignition in large vessels, Timothy Snee, Health and Safety Laboratory; Mechanical equipment ignition risk assessment - The basics, Richard Ball, Chilworth Technology; Ignition modelling in risk analysis, Jan K Lund, Scandpower; Problems in the..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2010

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Accident Description: Deepwater Horizon, Gulf of Mexico
Deepwater Horizon Drilling Rig, Macondo Prospect (Mississippi Canyon Block 252), Gulf of Mexico, 20 April 2010

Deepwater Horizon was a fifth generation, dynamically-positioned semi-submersible drilling unit built in 2001. The unit employed an automated drilling system and a 15,000 psi-rated BOP system and had operated in water depths (WD) greater than 9,000 ft. The rig had drilled wells up to 35,055 ft in the nine years it had been owned and operated by Transocean under contract to BP..
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 2010

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FABIG Technical Note 11
Fire Loading and Structural Response

This Technical Note updates and expands certain aspects of the guidance on fire engineering given in the Interim Guidance Notes, FABIG Technical Notes 1 and 6 and the UKOOA guidance.
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2010

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FABIG Technical Meeting 060
Managing Low Probability High Consequence Events

Major accidents - Understanding and accepting their dynamics, Jan Reier Huse, Scandpower; Managing major accident risk, Mike Considine, BP; Risk communication in the 21st century: What have we learned and what are the lessons going forward?, Ragnar Lofstedt, King’s College London; Societal risk - Land use planning around major hazards, Andrew Franks, ERM; Risk predictions -..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2009

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 054

CONTENTS: Review of FABIG Technical Meeting on ‘Learning from the Nuclear Industry’; Summary of findings of the FABIG Members’ survey; The Buncefield Explosion Mechanism Phase 1 and proposal for Phase 2; Domino Effect Analysis of Process Equipments Using Fragility Curves; Recommendations on Land Use Planning and the Control of Societal Risk Around Major Hazard Sites
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2009

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Accident Description: Jaipur, India
Jaipur Oil Depot , Jaipur, India, 29 October 2009

The Indian Oil Corporation’s POL (Petroleum Oil Lubricants) Terminal at Sanganer in Jaipur had been in operation for 12 years prior to the accident. The facility spread over about 120 acres and comprised 9 storage tanks for petroleum products and 2 storage tanks for Motor Spirits. The terminal received products from the Koyali Refinery via the cross country pipeline and also..
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 2009

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Accident Description: CPC Tank Farm, Puerto Rico
Caribbean Petroleum Corporation (CPC) oil refinery, Cataño, Puerto Rico, 23 October 2009

The Caribbean Petroleum Corporation (CPC) oil refinery is located near   San Juan   in   Puerto Rico, and occupies a third of a square mile. It includes a tank farm comprising 30 operational aboveground storage tanks, and a refinery which was shutdown in 2000. Prior to the 23 rd   of October 2009, the tank farm stored gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, and fuel oil.
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 2009

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FABIG Technical Meeting 059
Learning from the Nuclear Industry

Learning from the Application of Probabilistic Safety Assessment in the Chemical Industry, Cyril Charvet, Jean-Luc Chambon and Francois Corenwinder, IRSN; Fire Research at IRSN – Experimental Programmes and Fire Codes Development, Laurent Audouin, IRSN; Fire Probabilistic Safety Assessment in the Nuclear Industry, Jerzy Grynblat, Relcon Scandpower; Assurance and Verification,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2009

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HSE OIS 9/2008
Modelling of pool fires in offshore hazard assessments

This information sheet provides guidance on modelling of pool fires hazards on steel decking. Initial experimental work at the Health and Safety Laboratory (HSL), Buxton has indicated that pool fires not contained by a bund are liable to cause severe deck plate buckling and possible weld shear.
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE OIS 5/2009
Provision of active fire protection on offshore installations

This information sheet provides guidance for dutyholders on the provision of active fire protection. On an offshore installation, particularly in hydrocarbon processing areas, the most effective fire protection provided for the occupants is, generally, water deluge. Recent new, limited facility designs, have been put forward that do not incorporate active fire protection..
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE OIS 1/2009
Explosion hazards due to spray releases

This information sheet brings attention to the explosion hazard of spray releases caused by:• Atomisation on release of fluids under pressure: • Impingement of released fluids on nearby equipment: • Recondensation after the release of flashing liquids. Incidents at Flixborough (see ref 1) and, in particular, Buncefield (see ref 2) have been linked to such releases. Detailed..
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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FABIG Technical Meeting 058
The Buncefield Explosion Mechanism

Opening session, Dougal Drysdale and Patrick McDonald, University of Edinburgh / Health and Safety Executive; Overpressure and directional indicators, Vincent Tam, BP; The deflagration hypothesis, Jonathan Puttock, Shell Global Solutions; The detonation hypothesis, Mike Johnson, Germanischer Lloyd; Previous VCE events and consideration of possible alternative mechanisms and..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2009

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GexCon Report 08-F44110-RA-1
Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Flexible Obstructions on Flame Propagation in Vapour Cloud Explosions

It has been postulated in connection with explosion accident investigations that trees located in the vicinity may contribute to the blast generated by accidental vapour explosions. An example of such an accident is the Ufa accident in Russia in 1989. Experimental evidence, however, does not exist to support this. This report describes an experimental investigation of the..
Gexcon - Publications available through FABIG - 2009

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Weidlinger Associates Report DES07021_090225_V2.0
Characterising the response of reinforced concrete cladding panels to vapour cloud explosions

This report describes a study which examines the response of typical reinforced concrete facade cladding panel subjected to blast loads of a form consistent with vapour clour explosions.
Weidlinger Associates - Publications available through FABIG - 2009

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 053

CONTENTS: Review of FABIG Technical Meeting on ‘Design of Structures against Hydrocarbon Fires’; Why ISO 13702 and NFPA 15 standards may lead to unsafe design; A CFD model for the backdraught phenomenon and its application to inform venting and firefighting strategies at basement fires; Can fuzzy logic bring process risk into focus?; Additives in crude oil - A new..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2009

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BEM Phase I JIP
Buncefield Explosion Mechanism Joint Industry Project Phase I

The Buncefield Major Incident Investigation Board (MIIB) invited explosion experts from academia and industry to form an Advisory Group to advise on the work that would be required to explain the severity of the Buncefield explosion. This MIIB Advisory Group carried out a preliminary assessment of the forensic evidence obtained following the incident and of the results of..
HSE - Publications available through FABIG - 2009

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HSE RR718
Buncefield Explosion Mechanism Phase 1 (Volumes 1 and 2)

The Buncefield explosion (11 December 2005) resulted in tremendous damage to the outlying area and huge fires involving 23 large oil fuel tanks. One important aspect of the incident was the severity of the explosion, which would not have been anticipated in any major hazard assessment of the oil storage depot before the incident. The Buncefield Major Incident Investigation..
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE OIS 2/2009
Hydrocarbon Releases (HCR's) Offshore

This information sheet provides guidance on revising the written scheme of verification where the boundaries, scope or requirements for safety critical elements (SCEs) or specified plant (SP) change as a result of decommissioning and/or dismantling projects to ensure these measures are (or will be) suitable at all times.
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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FABIG Technical Meeting 057
Design of Structures Against Hydrocarbon Fires

Guidance on Heat Loading from Jet and Pool Fires, Geoff Chamberlain, Visiting Professor at Loughborough University; Probabilistic Fire Load and Structural Response Procedure, Asmund Huser, DNV; Eurocode Approach to Structural Fire Design, Nancy Baddoo, Steel Construction Institute; Acceptance Criteria for Damaged Passive Fire Protection Coatings, Simon Thurlbeck, MMI..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2009

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 052

CONTENTS: Review of FABIG Technical Meeting on ‘Design and Siting of Process Plant Buildings’; Time Dependency of Accidents and Response in Petrochemical Plants; Design Against Malevolent Acts: The Case of Underwater Explosions; Safety Concerns Related to the Introduction of Biofuels
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2009

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HSE RR679
Review of human reliability assessment methods

Human reliability assessment (HRA) involves the use of qualitative and quantitative methods to assess the human contribution to risk. There are many and varied methods available for HRA, with some high hazard industries developing ‘bespoke’, industry focused methods.
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE RR682
Development of fire protection measures for vessels containing reactive chemicals

The objective of this work is to have a better understanding of the phenomena that occur when a vessel containing reactive chemicals is exposed to an external fire and so assess possible preventive and mitigation measures. The following approach has been adopted:
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE RR684
Structural integrity management framework for fixed jacket structures

With many offshore installations in the UK sector of the North Sea now reaching or exceeding their original anticipated design life, there is a particular need to evaluate approaches to structural integrity management by offshore operators to ascertain their adequacy in managing aging structures. In addition to this, a significant proportion of the aging structures are now..
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE RR685
Structural integrity monitoring: Review and appraisal of current technologies for offshore applications

With the ageing of the North Sea fleet of platforms and semi-submersibles, the importance of maintaining structural integrity offshore is increasingly recognised and structural inspection plays a significant role in demonstrating ongoing integrity and the potential for life extension. Structural integrity (SI) monitoring can complement existing inspection techniques to provide..
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE RR703
Societal Risk: Initial briefing to Societal Risk Technical Advisory Group

The Societal Risk Technical Advisory Group is made up of a small number of academic, industry and government specialists who have been asked to advise HSE and departments on matters identified by respondents to the consultation exercise CD212 (Proposals for revised policies to address societal risk around onshore non-nuclear major hazard installations’) on the estimation of..
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE RR716
A review of Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA) analyses of overfill of fuel storage tanks

In response to the Buncefield incident, the Major Incident Investigation Board (MIIB) made recommendations to improve safety in the design and operation of fuel storage sites. Two of these recommendations were that loss of primary containment (tank overfill) should be prevented by a high integrity system, and that industry should agree to undertake a systematic assessment of..
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE RR718
Buncefield Explosion Mechanism Phase 1 (Volumes 1 and 2)

The Buncefield explosion (11 December 2005) resulted in tremendous damage to the outlying area and huge fires involving 23 large oil fuel tanks. One important aspect of the incident was the severity of the explosion, which would not have been anticipated in any major hazard assessment of the oil storage depot before the incident. The Buncefield Major Incident Investigation..
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE RR736
Comparing subsurface migration of LPG with natural gas

A programme of experiments assessed differences in behaviour between leaks of natural gas and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) from buried pipes, to inform opinion on whether an existing (Advantica) model of the risks from buried natural gas pipework could be useful in assessing the risks associated with buried metallic LPG pipes.
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE RR738
Accident statistics for offshore units on the UK Continental Shelf 1990-2007

This report adds additional data (for the years 2005 to 2007) to previous HSE reports. These additional statistics were commissioned by Oil & Gas UK with a financial contribution from HSE.
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE RR748
Analysis of inspection reports from Asset Integrity Key Programme 3

Key Programme 3 was a three year inspection project carried out by HSE Offshore Division between 2004 and 2007. Inspections were recorded using standard templates both Onshore (Appendix A) and Offshore (Appendix B). Topics were scored: Red (Non-compliance/Major Failing), Amber (Isolated Failure/ Incomplete system), Green (In compliance/OK) or White (Not tested/No evidence). A..
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE RR749
Comparison of risks from carbon dioxide and natural gas pipelines

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is likely to form a significant part of the UK’s strategy for achieving its Kyoto targets for CO2 emission reduction. CO2 is not currently regulated as a dangerous fluid under the Pipeline Safety Regulations (PSR) so further investigation is required to determine if it should be re-classified.
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE RR755
Validation of the Shallow Water model "SPLOT" against experimental data on bund overtopping

Bunds around liquid storage tanks are generally designed so that they will retain more liquid than is contained in the tanks within them. A slow leak will therefore be contained. However, a sudden catastrophic tank failure will result in a surge of liquid, some of which may overtop the bund. Analysis of hazards allowing for this possibility therefore requires an estimate of how..
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE RR758
Repositioning human factors

This report, and the work it describes, explores how HSE might reposition Human Factors/Ergonomics (HF/E) so it is more central to the thinking of Key Decision Makers (KDMs); within high hazard industries belonging to the Oil and Gas, Chemical and Nuclear sector. The findings suggest that although knowledge and understanding of HF/E is penetrating through there is recognition..
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE RR759
Performance indicators in the explosives sectors

Performance Indicators are increasingly being used in a range of environments as an aid to identifying and resolving safety and operational issues. Recent incident investigations and guidance promote enhancements to the indicator regimes to ensure that a balanced approach is adopted that enables organisations to monitor both the sustained use of management controls and the..
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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HSE RR760
Mechanical integrity management of bulk storage tanks

Following the Buncefield incident the importance of preventing loss of containment from bulk storage tanks has come to the fore. A significant factor in ensuring contained fluids are not accidentally released is the continuing mechanical integrity of the tank structure. With this in mind, the joint industry/Competent Authority Process Safety Leadership Group has set up a..
HSE - External Publication - 2009

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FABIG Technical Meeting 056
Design and Siting of Process Plant Buildings

API RP-753: Management of Hazards Associated with Location of Process Plant Portable Buildings, Wilbert Lee, Chevron; A Risk-Based Approach to Siting of Portable Buildings, Andrew Crerand, Shell Global Solutions; Developing Guidance for Siting and Design of Process Plant Buildings on BP Sites, Kieran Glynn, BP; Siting, Design and Protection of Occupied Buildings at TOTAL..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2008

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FABIG Technical Meeting 055
Safety Performance Indicators

Use of Process Safety Performance Indicators to Ensure the Effective Management of Major Hazard Risks: The HSE’s Experience, Jonathan Carter, HSE; Global Process Safety Metrics, Michael Broadribb, BP; Safety Performance Indicators for a North Sea Operator, John Morgan, Advantica; Safety Performance Indicators in StatoilHydro, Lars Tronstad, StatoilHydro; T-Rate: A Key..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2008

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HSE OIS 5/2008
Advice on gas detection strategies for HVAC duct inlets

This information sheet provides advice for duty holders regarding the detection of flammable gases in HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning) duct inlets. It is based on research work triggered by an incident on an offshore platform where there was a delay in confirmed detection, despite gas being ingested into HVAC inlets. The research reviewed the literature on the..
HSE - External Publication - 2008

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HSE OIS 10/2008
Fire and explosion hazards in offshore gas turbines

This information sheet provides guidance for duty holders of offshore installations on identifying fire and explosion hazards in offshore gas turbines. In recent years there has been a marked increase in fires associated with these machines. The aim of this sheet is to identify good practice and provide guidance on minimising risks from fire and explosion hazards associated..
HSE - External Publication - 2008

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 051

CONTENTS: Hydrogen Safety Activities at the University of Ulster; Spontaneous Ignition of Hydrogen in Accidental Releases of High Pressure Hydrogen - A Possible Mechanism: Diffusion Ignition; Portable Buildings within Processing Plants
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2008

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FABIG Technical Meeting 054
Asset Integrity and Hazard Management of Ageing Installations

KP3: Asset Integrity in Focus, Stan Cutts, SLC Consultants; Key Findings from Offshore Oil & Gas Maintenance Management Assessments Carried Out Using the HSE’s KP3 Assessment Process, Ian Wright, DNV; Integrity Management for the 21st Century with 20st Century Equipment, Andy Hollins and Alan D’Ambrogio, ABB Engineering Services; Audit Tool for Integrity Management of Safety..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2008

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 050

CONTENTS: Members of the FABIG Steering Committee for 2008-2009; Improvements to the FABIG website; A Methodology for Fire Hazard Assessment; Internal Explosive Loading of Steel Pipes; American Society of Safety Engineers – Middle East Chapter (ASSE-MEC) Conference in Bahrain addresses Globally Important Issues to the Oil and Gas Industry
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2008

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FABIG Technical Meeting 053
Dispersion Modelling

Assessment of Gas Detection Strategies for Offshore HVAC Ducts based on CFD Modelling, Kevin O’Donnell / Chris Lea, HSE / Lea CFD Associates; Dispersion Modelling – Current Status and Developments, Mike Harper and Asmund Huser, DNV; Recent and Planned Improvements of FLACS DISPERSION, Jens Melheim, Gexcon; CFD Dispersion Modelling for Blast Analysis, Ian Cowan, Atkins Energy;..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2008

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 049

CONTENTS: Launch of a ‘Fire & Blast Technical Directory’ on FABIG Website; The Modern Approach to Offshore Safety Management; A Critical Review of Probabilistic Explosion Risk Assessment; Hydrocarbon Jet Fire Hazards in the Oil and Gas Industry; Hydrocarbon Fires - Large Scale Experiments - High Heat Loads; Understanding Gas Explosions in Offshore Facilities; FABIG: 15..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2008

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HSE RR536
Evidence based evaluation of the scale of disproportionate decisions on risk assessment and management

This report summarises a study into the prevalence and causes of disproportionate health and safety management in the UK. It confines itself to decisions that are disproportionate in terms of excessive caution, excluding reckless decisions. The work involved: reviewing previous research, collating media reports, consulting trade associations and professional bodies, postal..
HSE - External Publication - 2008

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HSE RR605
An appraisal of underground gas storage technologies and incidents, for the development of risk assessment methodology

This report was commissioned by the Health and Safety Executive to help assess the safety issues associated with the underground storage of natural gas. This has arisen because of the need to consider a number of applications submitted by various operators in the UK who wish to develop such facilities. The rising numbers of applications are as a result of UKCS oil and gas..
HSE - External Publication - 2008

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HSE RR606
Scoping calculations for releases from potential UK Underground Gas Storage facilities

The British Geological Survey (BGS) undertook a project for the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), to examine the potential for leakage of stored natural gas from underground salt caverns and depleted oil/gas reservoirs. Quintessa was sub-contracted by BGS to support this project by developing leakage scenarios and carrying out simple scoping calculations to evaluate the likely..
HSE - External Publication - 2008

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HSE RR615
Spontaneous ignition of hydrogen: Literature review

This report is part of a project funded by HSE to investigate the phenomena of spontaneous ignition of accidental hydrogen releases. Over the years there have been reports of hydrogen leaks igniting for no apparent reason, and a number of potential ignition mechanisms have been proposed. Investigations of these ignitions have often been superficial, with a mechanism postulated..
HSE - External Publication - 2008

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HSE RR629
Extension of the dense gas dispersion model DRIFT to include buoyant lift-off and buoyant rise

This report concerns the initial specification of equations extending the dense gas dispersion model DRIFT to include buoyant lift-off and rise. The lift-off modelling is based on that for a free buoyant cloud. ‘Added mass’ terms are included in the model’s vertical momentum equation since they offer the prospect of suppressing lift-off for wide clouds. The elevated continuous..
HSE - External Publication - 2008

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HSE RR642
Improved generic strategies and methods for reliability-based structural integrity assessment

This report is a summary of the research undertaken during the EPSRC/HSE sponsored project entitled ‘Improved generic strategies and methods for reliability-based structural integrity assessment’. Detailed findings are documented in a range of other publications, as listed in the references.
HSE - External Publication - 2008

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HSE RR671
Failure rates for underground gas storage

The UK Government is considering the possibility of storing natural gas in a variety of underground gas storage (UGS) facilities. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has commissioned the British Geological Survey (BGS) to identify the main types of facilities currently in operation worldwide and any documented or reported failures and incidents which have led to release of..
HSE - External Publication - 2008

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HSE RR672
Offshore hydrocarbon releases 2001-2008

The offshore industry employs about 28 000 personnel involved in a wide range of activities. Since the Piper Alpha disaster in 1988, health and safety issues concerning offshore platforms have vastly reduced, however, the work practices involved are not risk free and still have the potential to cause considerable loss of life when things go wrong.
HSE - External Publication - 2008

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FABIG Technical Meeting 052
Design for Emergency Response (Workshop)

Methodology for Demonstrating Effective Fire Fighting Pre Planning on Large Petrochemical Facilities, Greg Richardson and Paul Frankland, SembCorp Utilities (UK); Emergency Planning for Onshore Gas Developments with High Content of H2S, Jan Reier Huse, Scandpower; A Case Study of an Offshore Gas Release – Expect the Unexpected, David Piper, Marathon Oil UK; The Importance of..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2007

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FABIG Technical Meeting 051
Designing an Integrated Fire and Explosion Strategy

ExpressFire – Safe and Cost Efficient Integrated Fire and Explosion Risk Management, Asmund Huser, DNV; Experience in the Use of ISO 23251-2006 in Process Safety Design, Geir Berge, Petrell; Tools for Quantifying Domino Effects: Threshold Value, Probit Approach and Reliability Based Method, Sirous Yasseri, KBR Engineering; Quantitative Risk Assessment of Domino Effects Caused..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2007

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HSE OIS 12/2007
Advice on acceptance criteria for damaged Passive Fire Protection (PFP) Coatings

This information sheet provides guidance for duty holders on better practice in understanding how typical anomalies in PFP coatings affect fire resistance performance. Repair of damaged PFP should be based on the assessment of damage in relation to the fire attack conditions. This guidance is based largely on the results of a Joint Industry Project that has examined the..
HSE - External Publication - 2007

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HSE HSL/2007/31
Major Hazards Industry Performance Indicators. Scoping Study

The Health and Safety Executive’s (HSE’s) Major Hazard Strategic Programme is seeking to develop a HSE-wide model to underpin a series of safety performance indicators (SPIs), and asked the Health and Safety Laboratory (HSL) for support with this. HSL recommended that before embarking on an ambitious project to develop an industry wide performance indicators model, a scoping..
HSE - External Publication - 2007

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HSE HSL/2007/30
On defining a safety criterion for flammable clouds

The question is investigated of whether Lower Flammable Limit or a half of that concentration should be used as the criterion in safety analyses. Relevant experimental data, model concepts, and theoretical ideas are reviewed, and the imprecision of the question is highlighted. The opinion formed in this paper is that requiring the instantaneous centre-line concentration to be..
HSE - External Publication - 2007

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FABIG Technical Meeting 050
Managing Explosion Risks

Approaches to Assessment and Reduction of Risks from Explosions Offshore and Onshore, Jonathan Puttock, Shell Global Solutions; An Advanced SDOF Model for Steel Members Subject to Explosion Loading: Material Rate Sensitivity, Bassam A. Izzuddin, Imperial College London; FABIG Technical Note 10: Implementation of Advanced SDOF Model for Explosion Loading, Viken Chinien, Steel..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2007

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FABIG Technical Note 10
An Advanced SDOF Model for Steel Members Subject to Explosion Loading: Material Rate Sensitivity

This Technical Note describes an extension to a sophisticated SDOF model for steel members subject to explosion loading. The previous model accounted for: Generalised support conditions for bending and axial actions; and The catenary effect in axially-restrained members, under uniformly distributed (UDL), blast loading. However, that model did not incorporate..
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2007

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 048

CONTENTS: Development of an Ignition Probability Model for the Oil & Gas Industry; Failure Probability Of Process Equipment Subjected To Vapour Cloud Explosions; Assessment of mathematical models for the prediction of smoke ingress & movement in offshore installations
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2007

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FABIG Technical Meeting 049
Defence-in-depth: Prevention of Escalation of Fires and Explosions

Development of an Ignition Probability Model for the Oil and Gas Industry, Dave Mansfield, ESR Technology; Subsea Gas Releases: Challenges of Estimating Topside Fire and Explosion Risk, Peter Sassan Johansson, Scandpower; Advanced Composite Solutions for Jet Fire and Explosion Protection of Oil and Gas Structures and Equipment, Matt Chalk, Solent Composites; Experimental..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2007

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HSE RR512
Review of significance of societal risk for proposed revision to land use planning arrangements for large scale petroleum storage sites

This report considers whether there is a societal risk issue associated with the setting of land use planning zones around large scale petroleum storage sites, such as Buncefield, and reviews critically the conclusions that HSE has reached in relation to this issue. Some alternative approaches and calculations have also been undertaken in order to help clarify the issues and..
HSE - External Publication - 2007

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 047

CONTENTS: Disseminating the Lessons Learnt from Recent Onshore and Offshore Accidents; Lessons from Texas City: A Case History; Full Scale Explosion tests on Explosion Relief Panels; Uncertainty Analysis of QRA
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2007

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HSE RR511
Revised land use planning arrangements around large scale petroleum depots

Following the incident at the Buncefield Oil Storage Depot in December 2005, the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) commissioned Environmental Resources Management (ERM) to assist in reviewing HSE’s approach to providing land use planning (LUP) advice in the vicinity of similar installations.
HSE - External Publication - 2007

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HSE RR527
Fluid structure interaction effects on and dynamic response of pressure vessels and tanks subjected to dynamic loading

As part of a suite of work looking at fluid interaction effects on (and the dynamic response of ) pressure vessels and tanks subjected to dynamic loading, this report details the findings of a state-of-the-art review of the available literature, to consider analysis methodologies, dynamic loads and simplified procedures for the determination of the response of tanks and..
HSE - External Publication - 2007

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HSE RR566
Accident statistics for fixed offshore units on the UK Continental Shelf 1980-2005

In 2000, a project was undertaken by Det Norske Veritas (DNV) on behalf of the UK Health & Safety Executive (HSE) with the purpose of obtaining accident statistics for offshore floating units on the UK Continental Shelf (UKCS). In this respect, four databases holding information about incidents having occurred on floating units on the UKCS were interrogated. The survey revealed..
HSE - External Publication - 2007

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HSE RR567
Accident statistics for floating offshore units on the UK Continental Shelf 1980-2005

In 1999, during a project undertaken by DNV on behalf of the UK Health & Safety Executive (HSE), four databases holding information about UK Continental Shelf (UKCS) semi-submersible flooding incidents were interrogated. The survey revealed that that none of them had a complete recording of such incidents. In addition, it was identified that there were incidents which were not..
HSE - External Publication - 2007

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HSE RR602
Assessment of gas detection strategies for offshore HVAC ducts based on CFD modelling

The aim of this study has been to undertake CFD modelling to provide a basis for advice to inspectors and the industry on the effectiveness of flammable gas detection strategies for offshore HVAC ducts. CFD simulations of a high and low pressure gas release have been undertaken for idealised representations of an offshore platform, as well as a high pressure release for a more..
HSE - External Publication - 2007

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HSE RR599
Overview of TEMPSC performance standards

In the majority of offshore emergency scenarios on the UKCS the totally enclosed motor propelled survival craft (TEMPSC) are relied upon as the secondary means for mass evacuation, after helicopters. In many ways the lifeboats of the early part of the 20th century remain recognisable to those of the latter part though more recent changes to launch systems such as ‘on load’..
HSE - External Publication - 2007

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FABIG Technical Meeting 048
Disseminating the Lessons Learnt from Recent Onshore and Offshore Accidents

Sharing Experience: Preventing Injury and Loss, Dave Fargie, BP; FABIG/SLPSG Collaboration, Viken Chinien, FABIG (SCI); Keynote Address, Kevin Allars, Health & Safety Executive; Flixborough & Piper Alpha: Shaping the UK Regulatory Regime, Brian Fullam, Health & Safety Executive; Humber Refinery Saturate Gas Plant Fire and Explosion, April 2001, S. Mohammad Ali, ConocoPhillips;..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2006

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 046

CONTENTS: FABIG Seeks Contribution to Fire & Blast Technical Directory; FABIG Launches a New Products & Services Directory; Designing of Electronic Assembly to Resist Explosion-induced Vibration (Part II); Response Spectra for Explosion Resistant Design and Assessment; FABIG Launches New Website
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2006

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FABIG Technical Meeting 047
Life Extension of Ageing Assets: Re-Assessment, Design & Monitoring of Safety Critical Elements for Fires & Explosions

Integrity Management for Fires & Explosions, Roland Martland, Health & Safety Executive; Development of Acceptance Criteria to Assure the Performance Standards of PFP on Ageing Facilities, Simon Thurlbeck, MMI Engineering; The Role of Metrics in Maximising the Performance of Critical Systems, Andrew Sekulin and David Piper, Marathon Oil; CFD Method for Extension of Machinery..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2006

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HSE OIS 3/2006
Guidance on risk assessment for offshore installations

This information sheet provides guidance for Asset Managers, Safety Managers and Safety Engineers in the offshore industry on suitable and sufficient risk assessment, particularly in the context of the Offshore Installations (Safety Case) Regulations 2005 (SCR05)1 .
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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HSE HSL/2006/79
CFD Modelling of Water Spray Barriers

The primary objective of this project is to develop a capability within HSE for modelling water spray barriers typically used in tunnels under construction using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). This has involved a literature survey of existing experimental and modelling efforts and some trial CFD calculations. Details of the computational techniques involved in the trial..
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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HSE HSL/2006/64
Review of explosion mitigation measures for platforms legs

There have been a number of instances on offshore installations where an accidental release of hydrocarbons has resulted in the accumulation of a flammable atmosphere within one of the legs of the platform. Concerns have arisen that if there was an ignition and explosion within a platform leg, which is essentially a confined volume, there is the potential for an explosion that..
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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HSE HSL/2006/45
Evaluation of the Workbook on Gas Accumulation in a Confined and Congested Area

In 1997 a JIP was undertaken on “gas build-up from high pressure natural gas releases in naturally ventilated offshore modules”. As a consequence of the JIP, a workbook was created. The workbook aims to provide a quick, first pass, technique for estimating the flammable volume arising from the release of a material within a confined, and congested, naturallyventilated offshore..
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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HSE HSL/2006/112
Review of CEBAM Explosion Model

A number of different gas explosion models are used by duty holders, or by the duty holder employed contractor, in the preparation of safety cases. The CEBAM model, developed by Dr Clutter at University of Texas at San Antonio, USA, is the focus of attention in the present report.
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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HSE HSL/2006/105
Explosion protection using flameless venting -A review

The aim of this review was to determine, on the basis of existing knowledge, the following aspects surrounding flameless venting devices: (a) Who manufactures or imports the devices into the UK. (b) How many devices have been supplied for use in the UK. Examples of devices currently installed will be given.
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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HSE HSL/2006/09
Review of unidentified ignition sources of unplanned flammable releases – Comparison of Offshore and Onshore data

This Report was prepared to compare the frequency of ignition of unplanned and uncontrolled releases of flammable gases, liquids and vapours from onshore sources, with those from offshore releases, and to estimate the proportion of undefined ignition sources from major accidents. The offshore releases were analysed in previous Report FS/04/13 Offshore ignition probability..
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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HSE HSG 254
Developing process safety indicators: A step-by-step guide for chemical and major hazard industries

Constructive guidance for employers, safety representatives, trade union officials, employees, regulators and any relevant organisational stakeholders. Outlining employers' legal duties to assess known and associated risks, this guide seeks to improve the understanding of shift work and its potential health and safety impact. A general study document, it provides a proactive..
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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HSE HSG 253
The safe isolation of plant and equipment

Extensive guidance for the on/offshore oil or gas industry, chemical manufacturing and associated pipeline operations. To enable duty holders to develop, review and enhance isolation standards and procedures. Also generally applicable to any industry undertaking process isolations and to mobile offshore drilling units where relevant. Examining principles and legal..
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 045

CONTENTS: Design of Electronic Assemblies to Resist Explosion - Induced Vibration (Part 1); Understanding and Responding to Security Risk for Oilfield Installation; Hazard and Safety Management Training Needs in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region; Predicting Glazing Behaviour in a Fire Environment - Effect of Radiation Heat Transfer Models; Issues Connected..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2006

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FABIG Technical Meeting 046
Human Factors Engineering for the Protection of Onshore Oil and Gas Plants and Offshore Structures Against Fires and Explosions

FABIG Technical Note 9, Ed Terry, Sauf Consulting and Ian Randle; Human Factors – Not Just Common Sense, Andy Sutherland and Liz Cullen, WS Atkins; Early Human Factors Interventions in the Development of an FPSO, Ian Hamilton, Human Engineering; Why Human Factors?, Rob Miles, Health and Safety Executive
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2006

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FABIG Technical Note 09
Human Factors Guide

This Technical Note has been prepared as a 'simple to use' guide to assist the awareness and implementation of the Human Factors in the design and operation of oil and gas facilities both onshore and offshore.
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2006

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FABIG Technical Meeting 045
Safety Implications of a Hydrogen Economy: Risk Assessment and Design Against Fires and Explosions

Hydrogen Modelling with FLACS: Validation, R & D Work Predicting DDT and Risk Assessments, Olav Roald Hansen, Gexcon; Risk Management Strategy for Hydrogen Economy Projects, Gordon Newsholme, Health and Safety Executive; Developing an Approach to Security Risk Management for Oilfield Installations, James Phipps and Patrick Mann, ABS Consulting; Study of Hydrogen Releases at..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2006

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 044

CONTENTS: A Probabilistic Procedure for Design of Process Areas Against Fires; Research Needs for Prevention and Mitigation of Major Fire Hazards Relating to Onshore Plant; Research Needs for Major Hazards Relating to Onshore Plant - Gas Explosions; Achieving ALARP in Topside Blast Resistant Design
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2006

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HSE RR404
Pulse pressure testing of 1/4 scale blast panels with connections Phase II

A detailed experimental and numerical study of 1⁄4 scale stainless steel blast wall panels and their connections under pulse pressure loading has been conducted at the University of Liverpool. The panel design was based on the deep trough trapezoidal profile with welded angle connections top and bottom and free sides. Three types of panel/connection system were studied, namely..
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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HSE RR405
Design, material and connections for blast-loaded structures

This project reviewed existing methodologies and a series of dynamic analyses of a range of problems was undertaken. A simplied tool for the analysis of response of a structure to blast was developed. This tool, named BlastSTAR, was used to carry out multiple analyses of simple structures which were loaded by blast type pulses of different geometries, durations and peak..
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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HSE RR435
Improved simplified response methods to blast loading

This report describes the second-stage extension of a sophisticated SDOF model for steel members subject to explosion loading [1], previously developed under commission from the Steel Construction Institute.
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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HSE RR484
Response spectra for explosion resistant design and assessment

This Report describes a project to examine the explosion test results obtained at Spadeadam in the 1990's from the point of view of structural response. BP supplied the Flame Acceleration Simulator (FLACS) pressure traces corresponding to the experimental results obtained at the time. This enabled a comparison to be made between experimental and simulated traces taking into..
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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HSE RR489
Structural strengthening of offshore topsides structures as part of explosion risk reduction methods

This report deals with the re-assessment and strengthening methods for blast walls, decks and floors. Reassessment of offshore structures may often be necessary for a variety of reasons including:
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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HSE RR509
Plant ageing: Management of equipment containing hazardous fluids or pressure

The purpose of this report is to increase awareness of the factors to consider when managing equipment containing hazardous fluids or pressure, and to help those responsible for equipment to understand and assess the risks of accumulated damage and deterioration. The information is at a general rather than an equipment-specific level, and can be applied to a wide range of..
HSE - External Publication - 2006

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Accident Description: Buncefield, UK
Hertfordshire Oil Storage Terminal, Hemel-Hempstead, UK, 11 December 2005

Overfilling (with unleaded petrol) of a tank led to fuel starting to overflow. The protection system which should have shut off the supply did not operate and continued pumping led to the fuel cascading down the side of the tank leading to the rapid formation of a rich fuel/air mixture that collected in the bund.
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 2005

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FABIG Technical Meeting 044
Fire and Blast Issues for LNG

Simulating LNG with FLACS: Report from Ongoing LNG Validation and Development Program Supported by Norsk Hydro, Statoil, Total and PTIL, Olav Roald Hansen, Gexcon; Evaluating Risks of LNG Spills Over Water, Louis Gritzo, Sandia National Laboratories; Consequence Modelling of LNG Spills, Torunn Marthinsen, DNV; Treatment of Uncertainties in QRA, Sirous Yasseri, Kellogg, Brown..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2005

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FABIG Technical Meeting 043
Risk Assessment, Protection and Design of Piping Against Fires and Explosions

Integrity Management of Piping Systems with Particular Emphasis on Fire/Explosion Hazards, Roland Martland, Health and Safety Executive; FABIG Technical Note 8, Fadi Hamdan, Steel Construction Institute; Where Quantitative Risk Assessment and Risk Based Inspection Meet Each Other, Xavier Arnault and Dirk Roosendans, Total Petrochemicals; Risk Assessment for Piping Vibration..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2005

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FABIG Technical Note 08
Protection of Piping Systems subject to Fires and Explosions

Techniques for the design of offshore piping to resist explosions have been described in OTO 1999-046 Explosion Loading on Topsides Equipment, Part 1 Treatment of explosion Loads, Response Analysis and Design. FABIG Technical Note 8 seeks to combine this guidance with the design for fire and to extend the techniques to cover onshore plant design. Guidance on minimising hazard,..
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2005

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 043

CONTENTS: Summary Report from FABIG Steering Committee Meeting; An Example of the Use of Crushable Struts in Blast-Resistant Design; Bayesian Decision Analysis for Optimal Upgrading of Offshore Installations; Stainless Steel Blast and Fire Resistant Structures
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2005

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HSE HSL/2005/58
Review of Hazard Identification Techniques

The objective of this project was to gain an overview of the hazard identification techniques commonly used at sites that will fall within the COMAH Regulations [COMAH 1999]. This has been achieved by:- (i) Performing a comprehensive literature review of hazard identification techniques and summarising in a document. (ii) Reviewing the relative strengths and shortcomings of..
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE HSL/2005/50
Offshore ignition probability arguments

To review offshore hydrocarbon release statistics to derive ignition probabilities for use by the industry/HSE. This information can then be used in safety cases and to target areas where releases or ignitions are more prevalent.
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE HSL/2005/45
A review of installations, standards and design requirements of fixed and on-board fire suppression systems

The aim of this report was to obtain information on the current situation regarding design and use of fixed fire suppression systems on vehicles, fixed and mobile equipment. It is intended that this will be used to advise/inform a standard or other suitable guidance on system design requirements.. This was to be achieved through study of the following areas.
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE HSL/2005/11
CFD Modelling of Low Pressure Jets for Area Classification

The objective of this work was to perform a number of CFD simulations of low pressure gas leaks over a range of pressures (0.5 to 5.0 barg) and hole sizes (0.25 to 5.0 mm2 ). The size of the gas clouds obtained from these simulations was compared to those obtained from the British Standard BS EN 60079-10:2003, which presents simple formulae for estimating gas cloud volumes. The..
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE HSL/2005/05
Review of COMEX and NVBANG Explosion Models

COMEX and NVBANG are two explosion models developed by DNV. These codes are used in safety case submissions.
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE HSG 250
Guidance on permit-to-work systems: A guide for the petroleum, chemical and allied industries

Guidance intended to provide a basic understanding of what is meant by a permit-to-work system with advice that is meant to be of a general - but not exhaustive - nature.Designed to assist in three basic ways: enable assessment of current permit systems against principles proposed in this document; guidance on harmonisation of terminology particularly to assist those who travel..
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE Website
Inspectors Toolkit: Human Factors in the management of major accident hazards at lower tier COMAH sites


HSE - External Publication - 2005

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Accident Description: Mumbai High North, India
Mumbai High North, Mumbai, India, 27 July 2005

The Mumbai High North complex consists of four bridge-linked platforms at approximately 100kms from the shore.
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 2005

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FABIG Technical Meeting 042
Protection of Onshore Oil and Gas Plants Against Fire and Explosion

Fire and Explosion Risk Assessment for DSEAR, Gareth Roberts, ERM; Explosion Analysis of an Onshore Plant with Worked Examples, Quantitative Risk Analysis, Probabilistic Explosion and MDOF Response Analysis, Pol Hoorelbeke / Jerome Renoult and Bob Brewerton, Total / GexCon; Fire Safety of a LPG Storage Vessel, Sava Medonos, Petrellus; An Alternative Perspective on Fire & Blast,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2005

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 042

CONTENTS: The Inevitability if Ignition; ISO - Damage Diagrams for Blast Resistant Design; FABIG Technical Note 8: Protection of Piping Systems Subjected to Fires and Explosions; Modelling of Steel Blast Panels; Satel - Structural Analysis Tool for Explosion Loading
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2005

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Accident Description: Texas City, USA
Texas City Refinery , Texas City, Texas, 23 March 2005

The incident occurred during the start-up of an isomerisation (ISOM) unit when a raffinate splitter tower was overfilled and over-heated. When liquid subsequently filled the overhead line, the relief valves opened. This caused excessive liquid and vapour to flow to blowdown drum and vent at top of the stack.
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 2005

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FABIG Technical Meeting 041
Lessons Learnt from Past Accidents

The Inevitability of Ignition, Trevor Kletz, Loughborough University; Principles for Learning Lessons from Incidents - A UK Perspective, Brian Fullam, Health and Safety Executive; Development of Risk Management Strategy for Gas Distribution Mains, Rosemary McAll, Advantica; Fire Events at Nuclear Stations – Lessons Learnt to Enhance fire Risk Assessment, Ana Gomez-Cobo, Health..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2005

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 041

CONTENTS: Static Resistance of Stiffened Plates Subjected to Explosions; Practical Fire Safe Design of Equipment Supports: Determining the Need for PFP; Kameleon Fireex - An Advance Computational System for Calculation of Fire Structure Interaction; A Summary of Fire and Blast Issues Related to LNG; The Generic Management System (GMS) Approach to Fire Safety of..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2005

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HSE RR285
Protection of piping systems subject to fires and explosions

This document aims to fill this gap by providing guidance on the protection and response of piping systems and piping supports subject to fires and explosions. The guidance covers the methods used to carry out both simplified design checks and advanced non linear analysis. It forms the background document to the FABIG Technical Note, to be published, on the protection of..
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE RR297
A National Population Database for Major Accident Hazard Modelling

In order to undertake the modelling of major accident hazard events the HSE needs to estimate the numbers of people potentially at risk from such events, particularly when societal rather than individual risk is of concern. To-date, however, the data used on the spatial distribution of populations at risk has been highly generalised. This project has developed a sophisticated..
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE RR340
Computer model for the design and validation of directed water deluge systems for the protection of plant containing pressurised flammable materials against fire

A project has been undertaken in response to a research brief to develop a computer model to predict the water distribution on the surface of vessels containing pressurised flammable materials protected by directed water deluge systems. The model is intended to be an integral component of new improved guidelines, currently under development, for the design of such water deluge..
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE RR343
Impact evaluation of the Control of Major Accident Hazards (COMAH) Regulations 1999

The Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulation 1999 (COMAH) implement the Seveso II Directive (96/82/EC) in Great Britain. They replaced the Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards Regulations 1984 (CIMAH). This project, commissioned by the Competent Authority (CA), aimed to carry out an impact evaluation of the COMAH Regulations. The specific objectives of the study..
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE RR349
Accident statistics for Fixed Offshore Units on the UK Continental Shelf 1980 - 2003

The main objective of the project is to obtain complete statistics (i.e. accident frequencies) for accidents and incidents having occurred on fixed units engaged in the oil and gas exploration and exploitation on the UKCS in the period 1980-2003. This is published both as a written report and an associated spreadsheet in the MS Excel format listing individually the coding and..
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE RR352
Supply chain issues for offshore accidents in the Southern North Sea

The Health and Safety Commission set out a number of targets and strategies in Revitalising Health and Safety that were aimed at improving UK health and safety performance over the period 2000 - 2010. One such strategy included a better understanding of health and safety responsibilities through the contractor client interface and the supply chain. The supply chain is..
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE RR353
Accident statistics for Floating Offshore Units on the UK Continental Shelf 1980-2003

The main objective of the project is to obtain complete statistics (i.e. accident frequencies) for accidents and incidents having occurred on floating units engaged in the oil and gas activities on the UKCS in the period 1980-2003. Floating units in this project are defined as comprising semisubmersibles, jackups, ships and tension-leg platforms engaged in drilling,..
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE RR360
Provision of public assurance that major hazards are properly controlled - HSE’s role

This report presents the findings from a study on public perceptions of the regulatory systems required to manage health and safety in major hazard sectors. The work is based on 12 reconvened focus groups in six locations around the UK which took place between December 2004 and February 2005. The second sessions involved HSE representatives from four major hazard sectors. Using..
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE RR369
Research to improve guidance on separation distance for the multi-energy method (RIGOS)

This report describes the RIGOS-research program. The primary objective of this program was to develop practical guidance with regard to the Critical Separation Distance. The Critical Separation Distance is a basic element in the application of the TNO Multi-Energy method for vapour cloud explosion blast modelling. To this end, a series of gas explosion experiments have been..
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE RR371
Improving the Performance in Stand-by Vessels (SBV) & other Rescue Craft use for Rescue and Recovery in support of the Oil and Gas Industry

This report looks at the current situation in regard to the operation of the FRCs carried on standby vessels used in the British sector of the North Sea offshore oil operations and recommends ways in which these operations can be made more effective and safe. It covers the launch and recovery systems used for the FRCs as well as the FRCs themselves. In addition to studying the..
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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HSE RR402
Natural ventilation of offshore modules

Natural ventilation is a common method for mitigating the hazard posed by gas and vapour leaks on offshore platforms. Openings in wind walls and doors allow the wind to blow through a module and hence the ventilation is not generally dependent on the operation of any devices such as mechanical fans. This report investigates the effectiveness of natural ventilation of offshore..
HSE - External Publication - 2005

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FABIG Technical Meeting 040
Fire and Blast Issues Related to LNG

LNG Safety - The Maplin Sands Experiments and After, Jonathan Puttock, Shell Global Solutions; Experiences from LNG Projects, Jan Reier Huse, Scandpower; LNG Vaporisation and Dispersion Modelled with FLACS, Hans-Christian Salvesen, GexCon; LNG Spills Consequence Assessments, Aubrey Thyer, Health and Safety Laboratory; LNG Behaviour, Phil Cleaver and Mike Johnson, Advantica;..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2004

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 040

CONTENTS: Response to Comments on FABIG Article R505 - 'Exceedence Curves and the Definition of Load Cases for Explosion Assessment'; Understanding Risk Through Bayesian Updating; Design and Analysis of Stainless Steel Profiled Blast Barriers
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2004

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HSE HSL/2004/04
Human Vulnerability to Thermal Radiation Offshore

This report examines the consequences of exposure of offshore workers to differing levels of thermal radiation. It is considered that the consequences of such exposure are best determined using a dose / time relationship rather than exposure to particular levels of thermal radiation. During the preparation of this report several existing thermal radiation harm criteria and..
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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HSE HSG 244
Remotely operated shutoff valves (ROSOVs) for emergency isolation of hazardous substances: Guidance on good practice

For operators and managers of installations that handle, store or process hazardous substances, as well as plant supervisors, design, process and maintenance engineers and safety professionals. Critical guidance which facilitates risk assessment procedures on whether a ROSOV is needed and accordingly details steps for any implementation to ensure compliance with the relevant..
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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FABIG Technical Meeting 039
Fire Loading and Simultaneous Design Against Fires and Explosions

Fire and Explosion Risk used as a Decision Parameter, Jens Kristian Holen, Statoil; Simultaneous Fire and Explosion Analyses, Joar Dalheim, Det Norske Veritas; Design of Steel Structures in Fire to EC3 1-2, Gerald Newman, Steel Construction Institute; Fire Load - Experimental Data Versus Real Fires, Ragnar Wighus, SINTEF Energy; Kameleon FireEx - An Advanced Computational..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2004

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FABIG Technical Meeting 038
Protection of Onshore Oil & Gas Plants Against Fires and Explosions

Building Siting Assessments for Chevron Texaco US Refineries, Wilbert Lee, Chevron Texaco; Fire and Explosion Prevention and Protection on Nuclear Sites, Paul Renwick, British Nuclear Fuels; The Use of Passive Fire Protection Against Fires and Explosions, Brian Bailey, Thermal Designs UK; Vulnerability Assessment with SURVIVE, Russell Grier, QinetiQ; Leading Software for QRA,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2004

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FABIG Technical Meeting 037 USA
Inherent Safety for Offshore Structures

Inherent Offshore Fire Safety, Ernesto Valenzuela, ABS Consulting; Risk Assessment and HSE Decision Making, Wilbert Lee, Chevron Texaco; Lessons Learned from Applying Inherently Safer Designs to Address Fires and Explosions on Offshore Facilities, Ben Poblete, Lloyds Register; Inherent Safety: What does it look like?, Phil Guy and Farrell Zwerneman, Mustang Engineering
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2004

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 039

CONTENTS: The Concept of Safety Barriers and their Optimal Design; Combining Structural and Safety Perspectives in Fire Hazard Assessments; Explosion Risk Assessment - General Approach; Pipes Exposed to Medium Sized Jet Fires - Rupture Conditions and Models for Predicting Time to Rupture; Fluid Structural Interaction Modelling of the Phase 3B Data: "Blast Loading From..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2004

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FABIG Technical Meeting 037
Protection of Piping Against Fires and Explosions

Piping Systems Exposed to Fire/Explosion, Roland Martland, Health and Safety Executive; FABIG Technical Note 8, Fadi Hamdan, Steel Construction Institute; Piping Design Against Explosion: Goals, Practical Guidance and Future Developments, Bob Brewerton, GexCon; Guideline for Protection of Pressurised Process Systems, Jan Reier Huse, Scandpower; Jet-fire Test on Pressurised..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2004

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 038

CONTENTS: Practical Blast Resistant Design of Plates; Exceedance Curves and the Definition of Load Cases for Explosion Assessment; Resistance to Accidental and Very Extreme Explosions; Simplified Assessment of Steel Framed Structures Subject to Blast Followed by Fire
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2004

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HSE RR089
A Critical Review of Post Piper Alpha Developments in Explosion Science for the Offshore Industry

Considerable experimental and theoretical progress in the understanding of explosions in offshore structures has been made over the last decade.This report reviews this progress with special emphasis on the degree of implementation of the new knowledge gained into optimisation of structural design. Relevant explosion research, since Piper Alpha is reviewed, concentrating on new..
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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HSE RR146
Analysis and Design of Profiled Blast Walls

This report presents the study on the design and analysis of stainless steel profiled barriers subjected to blast loading generated from typical hydrocarbon explosions. Particular attention is given to the plastic response of the blastwalls. Through this study,extensive discussions will be given to the adequacy of the simple design tool commonly used by the offshore industry..
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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HSE RR194
Human Factors Assessment Model Validation Study

The purpose of the work was to validate a provisional Human Factors Capability Maturity Model for the oil and gas Industry. The provisional model was prepared in an earlier feasibility study and tjis document builds on that earlier work. Specifically, the study set out;to validate the various elements of the provisional model,to evaluate the practicality and potential..
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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HSE RR203
Distributed Cognition Models for Human Factors Failures in Operating and Design Processes

A set of about 60 offshore incident reports was obtained and combined with a small set of reports of inquiries into full scale offshore accidents and then developed into cause-effect analyses. In each case the task was to identify how people's problem solving had been distributed, how this distribution had failed, and the assumptions that they had been making, by implication...
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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HSE RR213
Human Factors Guidance for Selecting Appropriate Maintenance Strategies for Safety in the Offshore Oil and Gas Industry

Identifies ways in which Human Factors best practice may be integrated into an offshore maintenance strategy. Over time, maintenance activities will inevitably lead to incidents/accidents due to human error. Although, it will never be possible to completely eradicate error of this nature, it is feasible to integrate controls and defences against such errors. Typically, these..
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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HSE RR216
A Methodology for the Assignment of Safety Integrity Levels (SILs) to Safety-Related Control Functions Implemented by Safety-Related Electrical, Electronic and Programmable Electronic Control Systems of Machines

This contract research report describes the development by the authors, with funding from HSE, of a methodology for the assignment of required Safety Integrity Levels of safety related electrical control systems of machinery. The rationale behind the methodology and how to use it in practice are also explained in some detail. The methodology has been developed and accepted for..
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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HSE RR225
FPSO response to fast transient dynamic events

QinetiQ Rosyth have adapted the technology developed for examining the effects of air blast on naval ships to the potential problem of gas explosions over the deck of an FPSO. This study is the second in a sequence and focuses in a more detailed way on spectral content of the gas explosion pressure pulse in relation to the natural elastoplastic response modes of the structure..
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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HSE RR226
Determination of a method for the determination of on-site ignition probabilities

The estimation of probability of ignition is a key step in the assessment of risk for installations where flammable liquids or gases are stored. Currently, simple models tend to be used, which assume that ignition probability is a function only of release rate, or cloud size, and do not consider location, density or type of ignition source. Ignition sources on hazardous..
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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HSE RR253
Piping Systems Integrity: Management review

Deals with the development of a high level strategy for improving pipework integrity on industrial sites in the UK. This project was intended to develop proposals that would help companies reduce the occurrence of pipework failure. The report identifies key areas where improvements, that should help to reduce incidents of pipework failures, could be made.
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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HSE RR279
Evaluation of reducing risks, protecting people

Reducing Risks, Protecting People (R2P2) is the document that explains the basis for the Health and Safety Executive's (HSE's) decision-making processes. As such, it underpins all HSE regulatory activity. The research summarised here sought to establish the reach of the document amongst the HSE's stakeholder groups and to determine the extent to which R2P2 makes transparent HSE..
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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HSE RR281
Investigations into concerns about BS EN 12874: 2001 flame arreters - Performance requirements, test methods and limits for use

Concerns have been raised by both industry and testing organisations that a flame arrester tested in to BS EN 12874:2001 may satisfy the requirements of the test process yet allow flame transmission under all operational conditions.
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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HSE RR283
Development of an intermediate societal risk methodology

Environmental Resources Management (ERM) was commissioned by the Operational Policy Unit (OPU) of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) to investigate the development of an Intermediate Societal Risk Methodology. The investigation was undertaken between May and October 2003, and revised in July/August 2004.
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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HSE RR292
Different types of supervision and the impact on safety in the chemical and allied industries

Entec were commissioned to research into how the delivery of supervision affects health and safety performance, and to develop a method that allows organisations to assess their current arrangements and identify opportunities for improvement. The research has identified that many organisations have changed their team structures from traditional hierarchies with a single..
HSE - External Publication - 2004

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 037

CONTENTS: FABIG Technical Meetings Review; A Recurrence Law for Explosion Overpressure; Some Thoughts on Article R495; The Use of Bow-Ties and Thesis in the Control of Major Accident Hazards; Under-Ventilated Compartment Fires - Introduction of the EC Funded Firenet Project
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2003

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FABIG Technical Meeting 036
Fire Resistant Design for Offshore Structures

Fire Hazard Assessment, John Alderman, Risk Reliability and Safety Engineering; Risk Based PFP Design Using New Fire Tools Kameleon-FAHTS-USFOS, John Baik, Det Norske Veritas; Fire Fighting Risk Assessments – Lessons Learnt, Ken Smith, J. Connor Consulting; Passive Fire Protection Methods for Marine Structures, Tom Dearing, Thermal Designs; Overview of FABIG Information on Fire..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2003

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FABIG Technical Meeting 035
Re-Assessment of Offshore Structures Against Fire and Blast

The Use of Bow-tie Model and THESIS in the Control of Major Accident Hazards, Baldev Kandola and Mike Sullivan, ABS Consulting; A Holistic Approach to Explosion Hazard Management, Derek Martin and Ian Cowan, Atkins; Blast Re-assessment of Glass Fibre Deluge System, Mike Smith, Kellogg Brown & Root; Remedial Measure Optimisation Though Re-assessment of Explosion Overpressures,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2003

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HSE L136
Control and mitigation measures. Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002. Approved Code of Practice and guidance


HSE - External Publication - 2003

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 036

CONTENTS: Performance-Based Fire Resistant Design; Water Deluge and Influence on Dispersion; Scale Testing of Profiled Stainless Steel Blast Walls; Jet Effect in Vented Explosions
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2003

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HSE L138
Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres. Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002. Approved Code of Practice and guidance

This Approved Code of Practice (ACOP) and guidance provide practical advice on how to comply with the Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (DSEAR). These Regulations require the elimination or reduction of risk of fire and explosion from substances connected with work activities.
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE HSL/2003/07
Loss of Containment Incident Analysis

This report presents findings from a project conducted by the Health and Safety Laboratory (HSL) on behalf of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE). The research was funded by the HSE Hazardous Installations Directorate (HID). The overall aim of the project was to provide information on incidents that involved a loss of containment in order to inform HID regarding intervention..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE HSG 158
Flame arresters: Preventing the spread of fires and explosions in equipment that contains flammable gases and vapours

 
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE HSG 103
Safe handling of combustible dust: Precautions against explosions

Advice on the prevention and mitigation of dust explosions and fires, acknowledging that frictional or attritional action on many everyday work materials can produce potentially combustible clouds. Notable examples include sugar, coal, wood, grain, certain metals and many synthetic organic chemicals. Addressed to employers, managers, foremen and safety representatives working..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE CHIS7
Organisational change and major accident hazards


HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE L134
Design of plant, equipment and workplaces. Dangerous Substances and Explosives Atmospheres Regulations 2002. Approved code of Practice and GuidanceDesign of plant, equipment and workplaces. Dangerous Substances and Explosives Atmospheres Regulations 2002. Approved code of Practice and Guidance


HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE L135
Storage of dangerous substances. Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002. Approved Code of Practice and guidance


HSE - External Publication - 2003

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FABIG Technical Meeting 034
Passive Fire Protection

HSE Continuation of the Shell Programme on Weathered Passive Fire Protection, Terry Roberts, Health and Safety Laboratory; The Determination of Passive Fire Protection for Pressurised Systems in Accordance with the IP’s Guidelines, Sava Medonos, Petrellus; Passive Fire Protection Materials and their Application, David Stowers, International Coatings; Intumescent Protection..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2003

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FABIG Technical Meeting 033
Fire and Blast Regulations / Guidance for Gulf of Mexico

Fire and Blast Regulations and Guidance for the Gulf of Mexico, Garth Burton and Kent Dangtran, ABS Consulting; Fire and Blast Regulations – A Contractor’s View, Steve Scanio, Technip-Coflexip; Application of Fire and Guidance, Ben Poblete, Lloyds Register North America; Update of UKOOA Design Guidance, Justin Bucknell, MSL Engineering
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2003

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 035

CONTENTS: A Practical Approach to Fire Hazard Analysis for Offshore Structures; Reassessment of Gas Explosion Hazard on Offshore Facilities; Performance Based Blast Resistant Designs; Revised Norsok Standard N-004 on Accidental Explosions; Developments of the Test to Determine the Resistance to Jet Fires of PFP Materials; API Recommended Practice for Design of Offshore..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2003

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FABIG Technical Meeting 032
Protection of Onshore Oil and Gas Plants Against Fire and Explosion

Blast Mitigation Retrofits for Onshore Facilities, Darrell Barker, ABS Consulting; Design and Protection of Pressure Systems to Withstand Severe Fires, Carl Butler, Health and Safety Laboratory; Risk Analysis of Large Onshore Plants Using CFD Codes, Laila Rodsaetre and Ingar Fossan, Scandpower AS; The Passive Approach for the Protection of Onshore Facilities Against Fire..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2003

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FABIG Technical Meeting 031
Structural Design of Offshore Facilities for Blast Loads

Introduction of Topic, Darrell Barker, ABS Consulting; Managing Explosion Hazard Assessment and Design, Jan Borgen, Credence Group; Overview of Structural Response Prediction – Basics/Methodologies, Jurek Czujko and Kate Filippin, CorrOcean; Methods for Evaluation of Blast Loads and Structural Response, Paul Jacob, MMI Engineering; Structural Criteria Development for Fire and..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2003

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FABIG Technical Meeting 030
Preparation of Updated Guidance for Fire and Explosions Hazards

Introduction and Overview, David Galbraith, Galbraith Consulting; Explosion Hazard Philosophy – Hazard Management, Rod Bleach, Genesis Oil and Gas Consultants; Derivation of Explosion Loads, Greg Fairlie, Century Dynamics; Response to Explosions, Steve Carney / Luke Louca, Aker Kvaerner / Imperial College Consultants; Interaction with Fire Hazard Management, Rod Bleach, Genesis..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2003

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 034

CONTENTS: FABIG Technical Meeting Review; ERA Conference 2002; Probabilistic Cost-Benefit Analysis For Blast Design; Explosion Risks in Large and Wide Spread Process Areas and Loads on Intermediate Sized Equipment; Proposed API Guidance on Fire and Blast; Probabilistic Analysis of Gas Explosion Loads
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2003

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HSE RR047
Analysis of Accident Statistics for Floating Monohull and Fixed Installations

Examines the offshore accident and incident statistics (1996-2002) to compare Floating production storage and off-loading unit (FPSO) records with those of other fixed installations in the United Kingdom Continental Shelf (UKCS). Particular attention was given to accidents and incidents attributable to adverse weather and vessel motions, to assess FPSO susceptibility to these..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR059
Factoring the Human into Safety: Translating Research into Practice. Volume 1: Benchmarking Human and Organisational Factors in Offshore Safety

The objectives of this workpackage were to : provide a vehicle and stimulus for the participating companies to pursue improvements in safety; create a tool with which to improve efficiency through the use of actionable results; establish indicators highlighting the effectiveness of safety measures; provide competitive analysis enabling peer group comparisons to be made; analyse..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR060
Factoring the Human into Safety: Translating Research into Practice. Volume 2 - The Development and Evaluation of a Human Factors Accident and Near Miss Reporting Form for the Offshore Oil Industry

Aimed to develop an incident reporting form which would be used to gather human factors data from individuals involved in incidents on offshore installations, collect data using this form, and evaluate the form using this data. An accident reporting system was developed,, based on previously developed models of accident causation (eg Reason, 1990; Wickens, 1992) with a..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR061
Factoring the Human into Safety: Translating Research into Practice - Crew Resource Management Training for Offshore Operations

The aim of this workpackage was to design and evaluate a form of human factors training called Crew resource management (CRM) which is intended to improve safety, productivity, and to reduce down time on offshore installations. The course was designed by liaising with CRM developers in other industries, analysing incidents, scrutinising previous human factors research in the..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR062
Factoring the human into safety: Translating research into practice. Executive Summary for Volumes 1, 2 and 3

This is the Executive summary of the final report for the project 3661. The overall aim of the project was to develop practical programmes for the offshore oil and gas industry that can lead to: a better understanding of human and organisational factors in safety; continued improvements in safety management; and an improved safety culture throughout the industry as a whole. It..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR081
Development of Human Factors Methods and Associated Standards for Major Hazard Industries

Aimed at both HSE inspectors and staff on chemical plants, to assist them in assessing the management of human factors issues. Guidance documents have been developed on five human factors topics: procedures; availability of information; communications; energy planning and accident investigation The guidance documents operate at four levels for each of the topics; assessment..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR086
Competence Assessment for the Hazardous Industries

With the implementation of the Control of Major Accident Hazard Regulations 1999 (COMAH) , it is no longer acceptable to make untested assumptions about staff competence. The health and Safety Executive have developed safety report assessment guidance that asks for a competence assurance system that includes the setting of appropriate competence standards, assessment and..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR093
Effective Design of workplace Risk Communications

Focuses on the design of risk communication leaflets. Reports qualitative and quantitative data from six studies (survey, cross sectional and quasi-experimental). These studies focused on risk communication design with respect to the use of ear defenders and manual handling, drawing on samples from the mining industry, foundries and NHS staff. Three essential design features of..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR095
Accident Statistics for floating Offshore Units on the UK Continental Shelf 1980 - 2001

The information in this Research Report has now been superseded. Reference should be made to Research Report RR353, published in July of 2005. RR353 updates RR095, contains information on over 3400 incidents and now extends the period covered to, 1980 - 2003.
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR096
Accident Statistics for Fixed Offshore Units on the UK Continental Shelf 1980 - 2001

The information in this Research Report has now been superseded. Reference should be made to Research Report RR0349, published in July of 2005. RR349 updates RR096 , contains information on over 6400 incidents and now extends the period covered to, 1980 - 2003.
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR048
A Review of Norwegian Offshore Based Search and Rescue Helicopter Operations

A review has been carried out of the approach adopted and experiences in the Norwegian sector for operating offshore based search and rescue (SAR) helicopters. Following this review an assessment has been made of any significant differences between current Norwegian continental shelf operations and the recommendations made in the proposals for using onshore and offshore based..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR102
Non-Linear Analysis of Stainless Steel Corrugated Panels Under Blast Loading - A Numerical Study

Presents results from a study to investigate the response of 3 standard corrugation profiles which have been subjected to pressure time histories typical of a hydrocarbon explosion. In particular, the study has investigated the sensitivity of peak displacements, plastic strains and dissipated energy to mesh density and loading as these are commonly used parameters to describe..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR107
Development of Internal Company Standards of Good Management Practice and a Task-Based Risk Assessment Tool for Offshore Work-Related Stressors

This report describes a project which developed a set of fourteen internal, company-specific management standards for common work-related stressors. A "bottom-up" stress risk assessment approach was used to identify work-related stressors affecting team members in two organisations, BP and East of Scotland Water. The final versions of the standards, and a description of the..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR118
Influence of Non-Linear Material Behaviour on Strong Vibration Effects Due to Explosion Loading

In order to investigate the effects of introducing non-linear material behaviour on the dynamic response of a topsides structure to explosion, a series of analyses has been carried out using a geometrically detailed finite element model. The work reported in this document builds upon that carried out during Phase 2 of the Strong VibrationWorking Group JIP, in which purely..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR124
Pulse Pressure Testing of 1/4 Scale Blast Panels with Connections

Describes a study concerning the response of a panel/connection of a 1/4 scale stainless steel blast under pulse pressure loading. The aim of the work was to investigate the influence of the connection detail on the overall performance of the panel/connection system under pulse pressure loading and to develop appropriate analytical and numerical models of the blast..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR149
The Promotion of Human Factors in the Onshore and Offshore Hazardous Industries

The HSE, in recognition of the role of human error in major accidents, aims to promote the application of human factors in the onshore and offshore chemical, oil and gas hazardous industries. This study explored duty holders awareness and attitudes towards human factors and how best to promote integration of human factors into major accident prevention. Duty holders appear to..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE RR151
Good Practice and Pitfalls in Risk Assessment

Presents the findings from stage 2 of a project conducted by the Health and Safety Laboratory on behalf of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE). The aim of this stage was to identify and highlight the common pitfalls in industry risk assessment methodologies and their application, and to briefly summarise how different HSE divisions evaluate risk assessments. A comprehensive..
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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HSE CHIS7
Organisational change and major accident hazards

SUMMARY
HSE - External Publication - 2003

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FABIG Technical Meeting 029
Blast Load Predictions for Gulf of Mexico Offshore Facilities

Objectives and Structure, Fadi Hamdan, Steel Construction Institute; Blast Load Prediction Basics/Methodologies and Range of Results, Jan Roar Bakke, GexCon; North Sea vs. Gulf of Mexico Key Differences and Similarities, Dave Kehn, Mustang Engineering; Load Prediction Approach for Preliminary Design, Gary A Fitzgerald, ABS Consulting; Practical Application of CFD to Gas..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2002

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FABIG Technical Meeting 028
Codes and Regulations for the Protection of Topside Structures Against Fire and Explosion

Effective Improvement of Process Safety, Robin Turney, European Process Safety Centre; HSE Regulatory Activities and Interaction with Fire and Explosion Guidance for Design and Risk Assessment, Roland Martland, Health and Safety Executive; Canadian Initiatives in Fire and Explosion Safety for Offshore Structures, Richard Grant / David Galbraith, CBCL / Galbraith Consulting; A..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2002

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 033

CONTENTS: Response of Secondary Systems to Explosion; Guidelines for Protection of Pressurised Systems Exposed to Fire; Determination of the Resistance to Jet Fires of Passive Fire Protection Materials; Fire & Blast Considerations in the Future Design of Offshore Facilities - June 12-14 2002 - Houston, Texas
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2002

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HSE RR952
A review of the literature on effective leadership behaviours for safety

There is widespread agreement between industry, regulators, academics and the press that leadership is a key component of a safe organisation. This view is widely supported by findings from almost all major incident inquiries and investigations. However, the widespread agreement that leadership is central to safety does not extend to how leadership should deliver safety, what..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE RR013
Hazard Assessment of Well Operations from Vessels

Aimed to identify the risks associated with well operations from mono-hull vessels. Is based on feed back from well operators and vessel owners involved or intending to be involved in this type of well intervention. Identifies the risks associated with general well intervention and for various complexities of well intervention operations ranging from subsea Christmas tree..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE RR025
Application of QRA in Operational Safety Issues

The Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations (1999), or COMAH, came into force in Great Britain in April 1999. The general duty under COMAH regulation 4 requires that every operator shall take all measures necessary to prevent major accidents and limit their consequences to persons and the environment. This general duty is consistent with the well-known principle in the UK..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE OTO 2001/091
Inspecting and auditing the management of emergency response

The intended purpose of this report is as a source of information for use by HSE specialist inspection teams when drawing up inspection and audit initiatives in the field of emergency response management. Gives background information on the importance of offshore emergency response, the content of emergency response systems, the mechanisms established in Great Britain for..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE OTO 2000/096
Techniques for addressing rule violations in the offshore industries

The aim of this research was to develop a package of easy to use, but comprehensive, methodologies for the offshore industries to use to enable the non-specialist to identify the underlying reasons behind violations. The deliverables of the project also aim, as far as possible, to identify the best management practices for reducing the potential for violations. These must be..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE HSL/2002/20
Risk Based Inspection - A Case Study Evaluation of Onshore Process Plant

Risk based inspection (RBI) as a method for prioritising the inspection of plant has received considerable attention over the last few years and methods have been developed nationally, for example by the American Petroleum Institute (API) and by a number of private organisations, particularly in the petrochemical industry. A co-ordinated approach to these developments is..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE HSL/2002/02
A Review of the State-of-the-Art in Gas Explosion Modelling

1. To identify organisations involved in gas explosion research in the U.K. and Europe.
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE CRR 433/2002
Gas release attenuation within buildings; effects of temperature and stratification

On certain industrial sites (such as water treatment plants), chemicals which are gaseous at atmospheric pressure and temperature are stored as a liquid either by refrigeration (at ambient pressure) or pressurisation (at ambient temperature). If such a vessel develops a small rupture, pressurised liquid escapes as a jet into the local environment, or if a large rupture forms,..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE CRR 432/2002
Human factors aspects of remote operation in process plants

Following the 1999 'competition of ideas' process, Human Reliability Associates (HRA) was commissioned by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) to carry out a study of human factors aspects of remote operation in process.plants. HRA developed a proposal that consisted of two phases of work. The first phase, described in this report, was a survey of current practices in..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE CRR 430/2002
Strategies to promote safe behaviour as part of a health and safety management system

Promoting safe behaviour at work is a critical part of the management of health and safety, because behaviour turns systems and procedures into reality. On their own, good systems do not ensure successful health and safety management, as the level of success is determined by how organisations "live" their systems. This report gives an understanding of: the theory underpinning..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE CRR 410/2002
The derivation and use of population data for major hazard accident modeling

The project aims were to evaluate and derive sources of population data to be utilised in major accident hazard modelling and quantified risk assessment (QRA). Population data is fundamental to the estimation of levels of societal risk as well as providing potentially useful data for other aspects of the HSE's work. Key criteria were laid down to guide the process of selecting,..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE CRR 405/2002
A series of experiments to study the spreading of liquid pools with different bund arrangements

Assessment of the hazards posed by the storage of flammable or toxic liquids in large tanks can be assisted by the use of mathematical models to calculate the consequences of leakages. These consequences may include fires or explosions from dispersion of flammable vapours, or harm to persons from inhalation of toxic vapours. One component of such models is a mathematical..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE CRR 403/2002
Flashing liquid jets and two phase dispersion: A review

The aim of this review is to determine whether current approaches and practice for modelling accidental atmospheric 'flashing' jet releases and subsequent dispersion - including possible rain-out -is consistent and up-to-date with information in the public domain. The study focuses on the two-phase aspects, with emphasis on flash atomisation and droplet dynamics downstream...
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE CRR 367/2002
Risk amplification - quantifying risk amplification processes: a multi-level approach

Presents the findings of a project to examine media coverage of risk-related stories using three complementary approaches. The first approach was a rudimentary analysis of words used by the media. The second adopted a higher level of analysis, focussing on the writing style of journalists who made significant contributions to particular stories. The third used an experimental..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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FABIG Technical Meeting 027
Phase 3B Fire and Blast Joint Industry Project

Amendments to the Seveso II Directive, Neil Mitchison, Major Accident Hazards Bureau Ispra; Introduction, Trish Sentence, TotalFinaElf; Experiments, Mike Johnson and Phil Cleaver, Advantica Tehnologies; CFD Modelling of Phase IIIb Experiments, Olav Roald Hansen, GexCon AS; Interpretations and Simpler Models, Mike Johnson / Phil Cleaver, Advantica Technologies; Blast Loading,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2002

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 032

CONTENTS: FABIG Technical Notes 6 & 7; Design of Passive Fire Protection; Design of Offshore Facilities to Resist Gas Explosion Hazards - Engineering Handbook; Inertia Limit of Vent Cover in Explosion Protection Systems; On Water Sprays in Fire Protection Engineering; How Distribution in Human Problem Solving Imperils Systems; Practical Approaches of Integrating Human..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2002

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FABIG Technical Meeting 026
Fire and Blast Aspects for the COMAH Safety Case

Demonstration and ALARP, Tom Maddison, Health and Safety Executive; COMAH – An Operators Perspective, Steve Turner, Shell UK Exploration and Production; Occupied Buildings – An Operators Experience, Alastair Mudie, Shell UK Exploration and Production; Risk Based Estimation of Design Explosion Load, Stian Hoiset, Norsk-Hydro; Demonstration in COMAH Safety Reports, Mike..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2002

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FABIG Technical Note 07
Simplified Methods for Analysis of Response to Dynamic Loading

This Technical Note provides a new SDOF model that addresses the first three shortcomings of the BIGGS model, is sophisticated enough to capture the main effects ignored by BIGGS, yet simple enough for practical application in a design office environment. The elastic and elasto-plastic stages are considered separately from the perfectly plastic and subsequent catenary stage. ..
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2002

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FABIG Technical Meeting 025
Blast Response Analysis Methods

The Role of Simplified and Advanced Analysis in Codes and Regulations, Jørgen Amdahl Norwegian, University of Science & Technology; Advanced Finite Element Analysis for Topside Structures Subject to Blast, Jurek Czujko, CorrOcean; Simplified Methods for Dynamic Response Analysis, Bassam Izzuddin, Imperial College; Simplified Methods for Response Analysis to Dynamic Loading –..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2002

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 031

CONTENTS: FABIG Technical Note 7: Simplified Methods for Response Analysis to Dynamic Loading; An Approximate Method for Blast Resistant Design; Design of Offshore Facilities to Resist Gas Explosion Hazard - Engineering Handbook; Use of Safety Barrier Diagrams in Offshore QRA in Denmark
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2002

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HSE OTO 2002/021
Compatibility test protocol for lifejackets and immersion suits on offshore installations

This test protocol in not attempting to replace international standards with new standards for offshore installations. Its aim is to enhance existing standards by devising a test regime to take account of the compatibility problems posed by combination lifejackets and immersion suits likely to be used in differing emergency scenarios by offshore installation personnel. The..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE RR001
Human Factors Integration: Implementation in the Onshore and Offshore Industries

Aimed at onshore and offshore systems designers and assessors, seeks to provide guidance for the integration of human factors (HF) principles into the onshore and offshore system design and development process. Includes: the scope of human factors; integrating human factors into systems development; the human-centred approach to systems development; managing human factors..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE RR033
Evaluation report on OTO 1999/092 Human factors assessment of safety critical tasks

Describes an assessment of safety critical tasks for the Leadon Field Development; the first step in a joint industry project (JIP) to evaluate the methodology presented in offshore technology report OTO 1999/092, "Human factors assessment of safety critical tasks". Sets out the findings of the JIP and provides feedback to the Health and Safety Executive on this methodology...
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE RR035
Taking Account of Societal Concerns about Risk

Risk is subjective. It is a word that refers to a future that exists only in the imagination. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has the challenging task of taking into account societal concerns about risk. The task is challenging, and often thankless, because society and its concerns are heterogeneous - "society" consists of diverse groups of stakeholders or social..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE RR040
Fire Risk Assessment for Workplaces Containing Flammable Substances

This study was undertaken with the purpose of assessing the effectiveness of current UK guidance relating to the control of fire hazards in workplaces containing flammable substances. Incident data relating to fires involving flammable substances in the UK were reviewed, concentrating on workplace safety and excluding offshore, mining, waste and transport accidents. The data..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE RR042
Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Health and Safety Executive's Health and Safety Climate Survey Tool

The climate safety tool (CST) is a computer based product that enables organisations to customise and print a climate survey questionnaire for use within their organisation. The software also enables organisations to analyse the results of the CST and produce graphical summaries and reports. Analyses evidence from a number of users of the CST to determine its effectiveness and..
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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HSE OTO 2002/016
Framework for assessing human factor capability

Describes an initial study to develop a means of assessing how capable and mature companies in the offshore industry are in managing the human contribution to safety throughout the procurement and development of offshore platforms and systems . The professional discipline covering this area is known as Human Factors (HF). Is intended to be used principally by HSE inspectors...
HSE - External Publication - 2002

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FABIG Technical Meeting 024
Process Integrity and its Role in Mitigating Fire and Blast

An Overview of Fire & Blast Related Research, Richard Grant, Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Board; Reducing Hydrocarbon Releases – An HSE Perspective, Neville Edmondson and Derek Pratt, Health and Safety Executive; Hydrocarbon Leak Reduction in the North Sea Oil Industry, Ron Boyd, Shell (UK) Exploration and Production; Doing it Right and Keeping it Tight, Ramsay Frazer, AMEC;..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2001

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HSE R2P2
Reducing risks, protecting people - R2P2

This document describes the UK HSE’s decision-making process. It makes transparent the protocols and procedures followed by the UK HSE to ensure that the process of decision-making, including risk assessment and risk management, is perceived as valid.
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 030

CONTENTS: A Workbook Approach to Estimating the Flammable Volume Produced by a Gas Release; Risk-Based Design of Passive Fire Protection; Safety Management Offshore: A Systematic Approach; New Guidelines on Pressure Relief
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2001

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Accident Description: AZF (Azote de France), Toulouse
AZF (Azote de France) fertilizer factory, Toulouse, France, 21 September 2001

The explosion occurred in a downgraded ammonium nitrates store, which was authorised for 500 tons and contained approximately 400 tons of product on the day of the explosion. The chemical was stored flat and separated by partitions. It is not known what caused the explosion.
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 2001

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FABIG Technical Meeting 023
Fire and Blast Issues on Deepwater Platforms

MMS Technology Assessment & Research Program, Charles E Smith, Minerals Management Service; Fire & Explosion Guidance Update, Roland Martland, Health and Safety Executive; Explosion & Fire Analysis for FPSO Girassol, off Angola, Henri Tonda, TotalFinaElf; Gas Explosion Issues for Deep Water Development, Vincent Tam, BP International; Design Features of FPSO Units, Glenn..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2001

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FABIG Technical Note 06
Design Guide for Steel at Elevated Temperatures and High Strain Rates

This document gives guidance on available elevated temperature and high strain rate material property data for high strength steels used specifically for offshore structures. The guidance covers the data required to carry out both simplified design checks and advanced nonlinear analyses.
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 2001

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HSE OTO 2001/020
Elevated temperature and high strain rate properties of offshore steels

This report collates all elevated temperature and high strain rate material property data that is currently available for high strength steels used specifically for offshore structures. A review was undertaken to ascertain the extent of lack of information that exists. Based on the outcome of this review, tests were undertaken to generate new data.
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE OTO 2001/039
A study into Onshore and Offshore Based Rescue and Recovery (OBRR) helicopters

The work reported in this document was commissioned by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) Offshore Division (OD5.5) to provide specialist advice on the use of helicopters in an offshore-based rescue and recovery (OBRR) role.
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE OTO 2001/063
Marine risk assessment

Primarily covers mobile offshore installations, including semi-submersibles, jack-ups and heavy lift vessels. Also covers floating production systems (FPS), which are often based on semi- submersible or ship hulls.Aims to encourage greater use of risk assessment methods for marine operations - especially those methods towards the simpler end of risk assessment: the qualitative..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE OTO 2001/053
Preventing the propagation of error and misplaced reliance on faulty systems: A guide to human error dependency

This guide is aimed at managers, analysts and designers. Human error dependency is particularly serious because it can "defeat" multiple independent safety defences, thereby undermining safety in what would otherwise be a high reliability system. This is demonstrated by cases where independent safety systems have failed simultaneously, teams of operators have misdiagnosed..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE OTO 2001/040
Marine Offshore Rescue Advisory Group: Good practice in offshore rescue

In recent years a large number of research study reports, codes of practice and company based operations manuals have been produced attempting to lay down the preferred manner in which marine offshore rescue should be carried out. While much of this advice is still valid today, it is generally widely dispersed throughout many documents to the extent that it is unlikely that all..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE OTO 2001/029
A Review of Experience from Two Offshore Design Projects

This report describes the outcome of a review of experience from two recent offshore design projects, primarily from a safety perspective, to identify key issues and any lessons that may be learnt for future projects. In particular, the review provided an opportunity to compare experience from a UK project with that from a project carried out in the USA at approximately the..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE OTO 2000/086
Operational safety of FPSOs: Initial summary report

This report presents a summary of some of the observations and recommendations made so far in the research project ‘Operational Safety of FPSOs’, financed by Esso Norge AS/Exxon Mobil Research Company, Health and Safety Executive and Statoil, and with Navion ASA as a Technology Sponsor. The project is carried out jointly by NTNU and SINTEF, with the Marine Technology Faculty of..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE ISBN 0 7176 2151 0
Reducing Risks, Protecting People

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) published the original discussion document Reducing risks, protecting people in May 1999. It set out how the statutory bodies responsible for the administration of the Health and Safety at Work Act 19741 (‘the HSW Act’) approached those decisions about the management of risk that are required of them under the Act. For the Health and Safety..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE HSL/2001/15
Experimental data acquistion for validation of a new vapour cloud fire (VCF) modelling approach

Accidental releases of flammable liquids or gases can result in the formation of a cloud of flammable vapour. This cloud is often dense relative to the ambient conditions. If this cloud encounters an ignition source, a fire may occur with combustion propagating through the cloud. The characteristics of the resulting fire depend on the release conditions and the environment into..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE HSL/2001/04
Explosion Hazards Assessment: A study of the Feasibility and Benefits of Extending Current HSE Methodology to take Account of Blast Sheltering

This study concerns the methodology used by MSDU, HSE in assessing Land Use Planning cases (LUP) near Hazardous Installations storing LPG and presenting a Vapour Cloud Explosion (VCE) hazard. The work is also relevant to all risk assessment and consequence models that are used to assess the hazard posed by blast.
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE CRR 396/2001
A model for jet dispersion in a congested environment

Addresses the problem posed by the interaction of a gas jet when it encounters obstacles which when taken together can be construed as a congested environment. The aim of the project was to take an existing integral model normally applied to level, unobstructed terrain as a basis for modelling in more realistic situations. Semi-empirical methods were used to account for..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE CRR 363/2001
Best Practice for Risk Based Inspection as a Part of Plant Integrity Management

Discusses the best practice for application of Risk Based Inspection (RBI) as part of plant integrity management, and its inspection strategy for the inspection of pressure equipment and systems that are subject to the requirements for in-service examination under the Pressure Systems Safety Regulations 2000 (PSSR). It can also apply to equipment and systems containing..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE CRR 348/2001
Assessing the safety of staffing arrangements for process operations in the chemical and allied industries

This study has been completed on behalf of the Hazardous Installations Directorate (HID) of the Health and Safety Executive who have observed that a number of chemical sites are taking steps to reduce staffing levels in their operating teams. There is a concern that such reductions could impact the ability of a site to control abnormal and emergency conditions and may also have..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE CRR 345/2001
Performance indicators for the assessment of emergency preparedness in major accident hazards

This Contract Research Report develops a framework model of emergency management and applies it to the development of performance indicators for the assessment of emergency preparedness in Major Accident Hazard industries. The research involved visiting 11 major accidents sites in the UK. Data collection consisted of detailed interviews to evaluate site preparedness for dealing..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE CRR 332/2001
The impact of social amplification of risk on risk communication

This report presents the findings of a project to identify and examine factors most likely to lead to the intensification or attenuation of risk perceptions and to draw out lessons for best practice in risk communication. The role of UK media institutions in these amplification processes was explored. A specific aim was to derive testable hypotheses about the factors which both..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE CRR 329/2001
Social amplification of risk: the media and the public

This report presents the findings of a project to examine the role of the media in the amplification of risk issues amongst the lay public. The project has generated a unique database and analysis of UK newspaper and television reporting of risk during the first half of 1999. It presents new findings in relation to how the lay public interpret risk issues and respond to the..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE CRR 325/2001
Root causes analysis: Literature review

Typically an incident report will place emphasis on developing a description of the consequences rather than causes of the incident, explaining what happened, but not why it happened. It is only by adopting investigation techniques that explicitly identify root causes, ie the reasons why an incident occurred, that organisations may learn from past failures and avoid similar..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE CRR 324/2001
Effects of secondary containments on source term modelling

The immediate risk to the surrounding population from an installation storing hazardous materials often depends upon the dispersion of vapour from a range of potential release events. The hazard ranges and areas covered by the dispersing releases will depend in turn on the nature of the release, and on the particular features of the source. Although the provision of secondary..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE CRR 318/2001
Application of correlations to quantify the source strength of vapour cloud explosions in realistic situations: GAMES

Correlations were derived in the preceding GAME project to quantify the source strength of a vapour cloud explosion required to apply the Multi-Energy Method for the determination of blast characteristics. The correlations relate a set of parameters describing the obstacle configuration in which the flammable cloud is present and the fuel, to a single value for the overpressure..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE HSL/2001/06
Framework for HSE Guidance on Gas Detectors (On-line checking of Flammability Monitoring Equipment - Final Report)


HSE - External Publication - 2001

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 029

CONTENTS: FABIG Goes West; A Workbook Approach to Estimating the Flammable Volume Produced by a Gas Release; Water Containers are Demonstrated to have Passive Gas Explosion Suppression Capability; Guidance for Analysis and Design of Profiled Blast Barriers; Blast Response of Steel Offshore Structures - Assessment and Interaction with Fire
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2001

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FABIG Technical Meeting 022
Human Factors Engineering Vs. Design of Offshore Structures

Overview and HSE Perspective, Bob Miles, Health & Safety Executive; Integrating Human Factors into the Offshore Design Process, Ian Randle / Ed Terry, Hu-Tech Associates / Sauf Consulting; Design Safety Performance Indicators & Organisational Capability Maturity, John Sharp, Cranfield University; Human Factors Integration into the Offshore Design Process – Lessons Learnt from..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2001

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Accident Description: Humber Refinery, UK
Humber Refinery, South Killingholme, UK, 16 April 2001

Failure of pipework led to a major gas release containing 90% ethane/propane/butane. About 20 to 30 seconds after release, the gas cloud ignited resulting in a massive explosion and fire.
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 2001

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 028

CONTENTS: Engineering and Human Factors Go Hand-In-Hand; Revised Fire and Explosion Guidance; 10th ERA Conference November 2001; Sadie Initiative; Integrity and Structural Response of Piping; Developments in Fire Engineering; Developments in Gas Explosion Safety in The 1990's in Norway; Explosion Rocks the P-36 Off Macae, Brazil
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2001

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Accident Description: P36, Brazil
Petro36 Platform, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, 20 March 2001

Drainage operations caused two explosions in the starboard aft column of the P36 platform. The first explosion was caused by the rupture, due to excessive pressure, of the emergency drain storage tank in the column. The explosion resulted in damage to equipment, pipes and electrical/electronic installations. Emergency firefighting crew attended the affected area.
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 2001

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HSE OTO 2001/086
Interpretation of experimental results from spadeadam explosion tests

This research is the first phase of a larger study and describes the investigations to date and a detailed scope of work for the second phase. The objectives for this phase of the project were to:- review the availability and suitability of the existing data; obtain the data in a form useable during the second phase; choose two or three tests for later simulation using the..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE OTO 2002/012
Accident statistics for fixed offshore units on the UK Continental Shelf 1991-1999

The information in this OTO has now been superseded. Reference should be made to   Research Report RR 096 , published in June of 2003. RR 096 updates OTO 2002/012, contains information on 5000 incidents and now covers the period, 1980 - 2001.
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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HSE OTO 2001/074
Deterioration and spalling of high strength concrete under fire

When concrete is exposed to fire, the build-up of internal water pressure under steep temperature gradients generates high local stresses, which may cause spalling, potentially explosively. The performance of high strength concrete, particularly in the high humidity of the offshore environment where there is the potential for hydrocarbon fires, has not been researched. The..
HSE - External Publication - 2001

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FABIG Technical Meeting 021
Verification

Verification of the Shearwater Project – A Second Party Approach, William Schumm, Shell UK Exploration & Production; Implementation of the Shearwater Verification Scheme, Jeff Baker, Lloyds Register; The Verifier’s Perspective, Ian Wright, Det Norske Veritas; The Regulator’s Perspective, Peter Griffiths, Health and Safety Executive
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2000

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FABIG Technical Meeting 020
Mitigation

Verifying the Suitability of Control and Mitigation Measures, P Renwick, Health and Safety Executive; The Effectiveness of Area Water Deluge in Mitigating Offshore Fires, A Gosse, BG Technology; Benefits and Practical Issues Related to the Use of Deluge for Mitigating Gas Explosions,, M Johnson, BG Technology; An Active Soft Barrier for Explosion Control – Testing of the..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2000

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 027

CONTENTS: Pulse Pressure Testing of ¼ Scale Stainless Steel Blast Walls and Blast Wall Connections; Error in the Design of Hazardous Plant; Explosion Safety Engineering: Design of Venting Areas for Enclosures at Atmospheric and Elevated Initial Pressures; Safer Design - An Attitude
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2000

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HSE OTO 1999 043A
Explosions in Full Scale Offshore Module Geometries - Main Report


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 1999 043B
Explosions in Full Scale Offshore Module Geometries - Appendix A


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 1999 043C
Explosions in Full Scale Offshore Module Geometries - Appendix A (continued)


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 1999 043D
Explosions in Full Scale Offshore Module Geometries - Appendices B, C & D


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 1999 046
Explosion Loading on Topsides Equipment: Part 1 – Treatment of Explosion Loads, Response Analysis and Design


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 1999 047
Explosion Loading on Topsides Equipment: Part 2 - Determination of Explosion Loading on Offshore Equipment using FLACS


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 1999 048
Explosion Pressure Evaluation in Early Project Phase


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 2000 009
Structural response measurements during gas explosions in a test rig reperesenting an offshore module


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 2000 010
Measurement of the structural response of a large scale explosion text rig


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 2000 012
Offshore Hydrocarbon Releases Statistics, 2000


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 2000 022
Review of SSSV safety issues


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 2000 035
A review of degradation of firewater piping and nozzle performance due to blockage


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 2000 042
Screening study to assess the relative importance of factors affecting the decision to activate deluge on gas detection


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 2000/087
Experimental and analytical studies of the structural resposne of stiffened plates to explosions


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 2000/091
Accident statistics for mobile offshore units on the UK continental shelf

The information in this OTO has now been superseded. Reference should be made to Research Report RR 095, published in June of 2003. RR 095 updates OTO 2000/091, contains information on 3000 incidents and now covers the period, 1980 - 2001.
HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 2000/055
Analysis of structural response measurements - Phase 3B Spadadam

The Phase 3b tests performed at Spadeadam in September 1999 incorporated a number of sensors to enable the measurement of local stress time histories and structural response in addition to the sensors traditionally used to characterise the explosion loads.
HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 2000/049
Safety Culture Maturity Model

SUMMARY
HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 2000/088
Modelling failure of welded connections to corrugated panel structures under blast loading

This project has investigated the response of shallow corrugated firewalls using an explicit finite element analysis package in order to enhance our ability to determine containment pressures and the limits of existing barrier designs. The work has also focussed on validating numerical models against full-scale tests carried out during the early nineties and highlighting the..
HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE CRR 298/2000
Efficacy of Water Spray Protection against Butane Jet Fires Impinging on LPG Storage Tanks

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) storage tanks are often provided with water sprays to protect them in the event of a fire. The objective of this work was to extend previous research with propane to include butane jet fires. These were known to have somewhat different characteristics and may result in different conclusions to those drawn from the earlier work with propane. A total..
HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE CRR 294/2000
Report on a study of international pipeline accidents

This report describes a study of pipeline accident reports from international sources. Its purpose was to allow a comparison of the results of calculations carried out by the HSE program MISHAP98 and the actual consequences of pipeline failures. It was found that the fireball model in MISHAP98 generally over-predicts the consequences of a pipeline rupture, but the jet-fire..
HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE CRR 275/2000
Assessment of the validity of current dense gas dispersion models at low wind speeds


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE CRR 276/2000
Guidelines for the inclusion of low wind speed conditions into risk assessment


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE CRR 277/2000
Review of the RELEASE rainout model and the center for chemical process safety (CCPS) data


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE OTO 2000/051
Review of the Response of Pressurised Process vessels and Equipment to Fire Attack

Pressurised systems such as process vessels and associated equipment experience time and temperature dependent effects when subjected to a fire. When a pressurised system is affected by fire, its temperature rises and this reduces the load carrying capacity of the system’s material. This combined with the pressure loading may lead to a failure of the system, additional leaks..
HSE - External Publication - 2000

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HSE CRR 293/2000
A comparision of accident experience with QRA methodology


HSE - External Publication - 2000

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Accident Description: Grangemouth Refinery, UK
Grangemouth Refinery, Grangemouth, UK, 29 May 2000

29th May 2000: All power was lost to 3 electrical substations that supply electrical power to the North Side of the Complex which contains the Oil Refinery, various chemical plants, utility plants and logistics facilities. Emergency shutdown of the Oil Refinery and the chemical plants on the North Side occurred and the utility plants were also affected due to a loss of power to..
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 2000

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FABIG Technical Meeting 019
New Data on Materials for Use Offshore

Stainless Steel Subjected to Fire and Explosions, Ed Yandzio, Steel Construction Institute; Ultra-High Strength Stainless Steel and the Prinox Sandwich, H Groth, Avesta; A New Steel/Concrete/Steel Sandwich for Fire, Blast and Impact, Hugh Bowerman and Mike Gough, Steel Construction Institute; The Elevated Temperature Strength Properties of Structural Steels for use in Offshore..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2000

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 026

CONTENTS: Response of Process Vessels and Equipments to Fire Attack; CFD Modelling of the Confined Jet Fire Tests in the Phase 2 Project; Modelling the Response of Steel Panels to Explosions; A New Approach in Fixed Gas Leak Detection - The Ultrasonic Acoustic Sensor; Barrier Method: An Alternative Approach to Gas Explosion Control
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2000

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FABIG Technical Meeting 018
Safety Aspects of Recent Offshore Projects

The Shearwater Project, Nigel Savage, Shell UK Exploration & Production; Elgin/Franklin Project: Managing Safety by Design, Kombiz Hashemi and Phil Shorrock, Elf Exploration UK; The TRITON FPSO: Fire & Explosion Prevention & Control from the Designer's Viewpoint, Robin Heels, Kvaerner Oil & Gas
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 2000

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 025

CONTENTS: Foamspex Project; Some Further Simulations of the Compartment Fires in the Phase 2 Project; Gas Explosions in Offshore Modules Following Realistic Releases Phase 3B; Managing Fire Hazards on Offshore Installations; Elevated Temperature and Strain Rate Material Properties of Offshore Steels
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 2000

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HSE OTO 1999 006 Part 1
Effect of weather on performance and response time in offshore rescue


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE OTO 1999 006 Part 2
Effect of weather on performance and response time in offshore rescue


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE OTO 1999 028
Review of Approaches to Blast, Fire and Accidental Loads


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE OTO 1999 042
The Repeatablity of Large Scale Explosion Experiments


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE OTO 1999 092
Human factors assessment of safety critical tasks


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE OTO 1999 093
Explosion resistance of floating offshore installations


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE OTO 1999 063
Summary guide to safety climate tools

The HSE has been involved in a number of projects to develop safety climate/ culture tools. They consider that these tools should be introduced to the wider community of potential users, both in the oil and gas industry and in other industry sectors. The emphasis is on those tools that have been developed in collaboration with the oil and gas industry or that are generic in..
HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE OTO 1999 011
CFD Calculation of Impinging Gas Jet Flames

This report contains the results of computational fluid dynamics calculations of 5 open air and impinging natural gas and propane gas jet flames. It provide information about flame tempaeratues, velocities, dynamic pressures and convective and radiative heat transfer to flame-impinged surface and therby to assist in the interpretation of experimental data and the development of..
HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE HSG 48
Reducing error and influencing behaviour

Examines human factors and how they can affect workplace health and safety. This study looks at: the general impact of human error and behaviour; how workers' physical and mental health can be affected by these and other factors; practical ideas on how to identify, assess and control risks arising from such issues; and case studies detailing how various organisations have..
HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE CRR 210/1999
Assessing the risk form gasoline pipelines in the UK based on a review of historical experience

The objective of this work was to enable the Advisory Comittee on Dangerous Substances to make a recommendation as to whether or not gasoline pipelines should be incorporated into the Pipelines Safety Regulations 1996/825. Reviews the risks from gasoline pipelines in the UK based on a review of the historical experience around the world of gasoline leaks, this experience is..
HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE CRR 206/1999
Risk from gasoline pipelines in the UK

To inform the development of what have now become the Pipeline Safety Regulations 1996, the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) commissioned a study to determine the risks posed by gasoline pipelines in the UK. The study compared individual and societal risks for four pipelines of varying diameter and operating pressure in both rural and urban areas.
HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE OTO 98 174
Review of Analysis of Explosion Response

This report presents the results on the assessment of analytical techniques that are in current use for the design of offshore oil and gas structures to resist explosion overpressures. The research have found that the hand calculation and computer-aided applications fall into the same two general categories. These are static analysis and time-domain analysis.
HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE CRR 205/1999
Selection criteria for the remote isolation of hazardous inventories


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE CRR 207/1999
Multi-component thermodynamics in consequence analysis– Phase 1


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE CRR 209/1999
Use of the FORM/SORM (most likely failure point) method for QRA


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE CRR 220/1999
Improved validation of source terms modelling


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE CRR 223/1999
Application of Reynolds stress modelling to gas build up and external dispersion


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE CRR 248/1999
Risk perception and risk communication: a review of the literature


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE CRR 250/1999
Modelling of catastrophic releases of flashing liquid


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE CRR 250/1999
Modelling of catastrophic releases of flashing liquid


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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HSE CRR 254/1999
Validation and development of a method for assessing the risks arising from mental fatigue


HSE - External Publication - 1999

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FABIG Technical Note 05
Design Guide for Stainless Steel Blast Walls

This document gives guidance on the design of stainless steel blast walls made from profiled sheeting, including guidance on material behaviour and selection, response to blast loading, design for longitudinal and transverse bending effects, evaluation of plastic deformation capacity and recommendations on construction details. The document specifically addresses walls..
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 1999

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 024

CONTENTS: Marine Fire Protection; Explosion Design For FPSO's; A Systemic Approach To Offshore Fire Safety Management; Received Loading Test Cases; Blast Loading Of Scaled Structural Members; Updating Explosion And Fire Design Guidance
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1999

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FABIG Technical Meeting 017
Fire - Phase 2 and Beyond

Unconfined Fires, Barbara Lowesmith, BG Technology; Enclosed Jet and Pool Fire Tests at Large Scale, Ragnar Wighus, SINTEF Energy; Lessons Learnt from Large Scale Confined Fires, Geoff Chamberlain, Shell Research; Fire Modelling, Simon Webb, BP Amoco
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1999

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FABIG Technical Meeting 016
Risk Based Design

The Development of Design Philosophy Guidance for Fires and Explosions, Derek Stirling, Marathon Oil; Risk Based Decision Making, Ian Tope, Shell ExPro; Some Case Studies of Risk Decision Making Within the Design Process, Ed Terry, Brown & Root; A Safer Design Culture, Graham Dalzell, BP Exploration; Development of Design Performance Indicators for Improved Safety Offshore,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1999

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 023

CONTENTS: FLACS Stimulations Of Test 23 Of The BFETS Campaign - Loading On Stiffened Panels; Phase 2 Unconfined Horizontal Jet Fire Test: Why Was Phase Off?; Comments On The Model Evaluation For Compartment Fires In The Phase 2 Project; How Advanced Are The Blast Wall Response Analyses For The Offshore Industry?; Dynamic Load Tests On Bolts; Furnace Fire Test..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1998

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FABIG Technical Meeting 015
Interpretation of the Phase 2 Explosion Test Results

Interpretation of the Phase 2 Explosion Test Results, Mike Johnson, BG
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1998

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Accident Description: Esso Longford plant, Australia
Esso Longford Plant, Australia, 25 September 1998

A pump supplying heated lean oil to a heat exchanger stopped and was offline for several hours. There was no flow of warm lean oil though the heat exchanger causing the temperature to drop to a value which was estimated to be -480C and well below the normal operating temperature (approximately 1000C). The low temperature resulted in the formation of ice on the heat exchanger..
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 1998

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HSE OTH 541
Methods for increasing accuracy of explosion pressure predictions in early phase of topside projects


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE OTO 97 018
Emergency shut-down valve study: industry operating experiences and views: the way forward


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE OTO 97 027
A trial of a HAZOP approach to EER assessments


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE OTO 97 068
Approach to hazard identification


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE OTO 97 078
Review of test data on the performance of PFP materials in jet fires


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE OTO 97 079
Large scale and medium scale jet fire tests


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE OTO 98 022
Review of current standards for PA systems on offshore installations


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE OTO 98 048
AutoReaGas modelling of test condition variations in full scale gas explosions


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE OTO 98 087
Velocity measurement techniques for large-scale explosions


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE OTO 98 097 to 109
A study of the repeatability of explosion tests preliminary data report for tests 1 to 13


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE OTO 98 123
Explosion of full scale offshore module geometries preliminary data report for test 27


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE OTH 551
Parloc 96: The update of loss of containment data for offshore pipelines

Describes the work involved in the coallation of data and the compilation of two databases, one covering all North Sea pipelines and one listing the incidents. Updates the database of incidents involving North Sea offshore pipelines in which containment was lost or jeopised to include incidents occurring up to the end of 1995 and to revise the published PARLOC 94. The main..
HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE OTH 537
Explosion load calculations in a shale shaker area

The main background of this study was to investigate the need of considering gas explosion loads on MODUs, to establish the kind of loads that can be expected and purpose ways to reduce explosion loads. A shale shaker area being the that area most likely to be exposed to a gas explosion.
HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE OTH 533
Emergency way guidance lighting systems - phase 1

SUMMARY
HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE CRR 166/1998
The management of alarm systems


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE CRR 183/1998
Development of methods to assess the significance of domino effects from major hazards sites


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE CRR 190/1998
The application of computational fluid dynamics to hazardous area classification


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE CRR 192/1998
Review of Blast Injury Data and Models


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE CRR 194/1998
Public Perception of Risks associated with Major Accident Hazards


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE CRR 199/1998
Consideration of the feaibility of developing a simple methodology to assess dispersion in low/zero wind speeds


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE CRR 202/1998
GAME: Development of Guidance for the Application of the Multi-Energy Method


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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HSE CRR 203/1998
A model for the ignition probability of flammable gases Phase II


HSE - External Publication - 1998

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FABIG Technical Meeting 014
Explosion Model Evaluation

Overview of the EME Project, Bassam Burgan and Chris Selby, Steel Construction Institute; A Background to EI Activities on Model Evaluation, Kurt Petersen, Danish Council of Road Safety Research; Explosion Loading and Response - Models and Model Evaluation, Paul Renwick, Health and Safety Executive; Model Evaluation Methodology, Peter Lindstedt, Imperial College; Model Details..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1998

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 022

CONTENTS: Research On Health And Safety - The HSE Perspective; The Contribution Of Research And Development to a Step Change in Safety; New Knowledge, New Changes?; Blast And Fire Engineering Project - Phase 1; The Interim Guidance Notes; Scope And Objectives Of Phase 2; Unconfined Fire Test Programme; Confined Fire Test Programme; Fire Model Evaluation; Conclusions Of..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1998

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FABIG Technical Meeting 013
Gas Dispersion

Introduction to Gas Dispersion and Full Scale Dispersion Experiments, Thanos Moros, BP Explosion; Measure of Ventilation Offshore, Graham Buss, Shell Thornton Research Centre; Gas Dispersion Modelling, Kees van Wingerden, Christian Michelson Research; High Pressure Gas Releases in Confined Volumes, Phil Cleaver, BG; Transfer of Experiences from Onshore Research, Steve Porter,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1998

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HSE OTO 98 952
Offshore accident and incident statistics report 1998 (provisional data)

SUMMARY
HSE - External Publication - 1998

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FABIG Technical Meeting 012
Extended Modelling and Experimental Research into Gas Explosions

Introduction to and Overview of EMERGE & Experiments, Bert van den Berg, TNO Prins Maurits Laboratory; Practical Models for Vapour Cloud Explosions, Phil Cleaver, BG R & T Division; Loading on Obstacles Located Within the Combustion Zone, Ivar Øyvind Sand, Christian Michelsen Research; Turbulence and Drag in Complex Flows, Bjørn Arntzen, Christian Michelsen Research; Overall..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1997

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 021

CONTENTS: How Advanced Are The Blast Wall Response Analyses For The Offshore Industry; DINGESS - A Proposed Joint Industry Project; Offshore Explosion Research; Phase 2 - Structural Testing
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1997

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HSE OTO 96 009
Ocean odyssey emergency evacuation. Analysis of survivor experiences


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE OTO 96 054
Validation of the jet fire resistance test procedure: large scale jet fire tests on fire protected tubular members


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE OTO 96 055
Validation of the jet fire resistance test procedure: large scale jet fire tests on fire protected I-section beams


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE OTO 96 056
Validation of the jet fire resistance test procedure: additional measurements


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE OTO 97 011
Phase 1 review of available technical guidance for the design and protection of offshore facilities against explosion and fire - document RT562


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE OTO 97 020
Survey of fire and explosion research and engineering organizations in the United States and Canada


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE OTO 97 043
Sensitivity of Response of Topside Structures to Fires and Explosions


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE OTO 97 950
Offshore hydrocarbon releases statistics 1997


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE OTO 97 951
Offshore accident and incident statistics report 1997


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE OTH 543
Human and Organisational factors in offhore safety

Presents the results of a project which investigated human and organisational factors in offshore safety. The study comprised three phases of work with the following objectives: to measure human and organisational factors previously identified as most important for offshore safety; to examine the role of the supervisor in determining safe working practices in their teams or..
HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE CRR 126/1997
Dispersion near Buildings: Application of Simple Modelling


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE CRR 127/1997
Dispersion of Releases of Hazardous Materials in the Vicinity of Buildings Phase II - CFD Modelling


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE CRR 129/1997
LD50 equivalent for the effect of thermal radiation on humans


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE CRR 131/1997
Risk Ranking


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE CRR 133/1997
The implications of dispersion in low wind speed conditions for QRA


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE CRR 137/1997
Efficacy of Water Spray Protection against Jet Fires Impinging on LPG Storage Tanks


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE CRR 139/1997
Explosions in Gas Fired Plant: Reliability Analysis of Plant


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE CRR 146/1997
Ignition Probability of Flammable Gases Phase 1


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE CRR 147/1997
Derivation of Fatality Probability Functions for Occupants of Buildings subject to Blast Loads: Phases 1, 2 and 3


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE CRR 151/1997
Derivation of Fatality Probability Functions for Occupants of Buildings subject to Blast Loads: Phase 4


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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HSE CRR 163/1998
The Implications of Major Hazards Sites in Close Proximity to Major Transport Routes


HSE - External Publication - 1997

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FABIG Technical Meeting 011
Blast Resistant Design of Topside Structures

FABIG Technical Note No. 4: Explosion Resistant Design – Purpose and Content, Bob Brewerton, Natabelle; Review of Technical Note No.4, David Ward-Gittos, Brown & Root Energy Services; Blast Response – Dynamic Effects and Loads, Steve Walker, SLP Engineering; Response to Real Explosions and Simplified Methods for Membrane Effects, Rob Harwood, Shell UK Exploration and..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1997

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 020

CONTENTS: Rules For The Determination Of Coat-Back Requirements; A Model For Predicting The Hazards From Large Scale Compartment Jet Fires; Announcement Of A New Pulse Pressure Loading Facility; Integrated Risk Assessment Package For Offshore Installations
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1997

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SCI Paper - Coat-back requirements - 1997
Rules for the determination of coat-back requirements

Most operators’ current specifications require an extensive length of any attachment to primary steelwork protected with Passive Fire Protection (PFP) to be similarly protected. This is done to avoid heat transfer into the steelwork requiring protection and is commonly referred to as ‘coat-back’. The attachment acts as a heat conductor into the primary steelwork. Hence, it can..
SCI - Publications available through FABIG - 1997

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FABIG Technical Meeting 010
Fire and Explosion Aspects of FPSOs

Fire and Explosion Issues for FPSO’s, Paul Renwick, Health and Safety Executive; Risk Based Design for Fire and Explosion Hazards, Gerry Brennan, Lloyds Register; Explosion Modelling of an FPSO Turret, David Piper, Vectra Technologies; Modelling Aspects, Vincent Tam, BP Exploration; Inherently Safe Design of FPSO’s, Alistair Warwick, WS Atkins
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1997

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 019

CONTENTS: Maximising The Resistance of Topside Structures Against Blast Loads; Offshore Explosion Research - The Next Phase; Emergency Evacuation Trials; Vectra - New Licensing Agent For Chaos; Schiehallion Escape Tunnel; FLACS Commercial Launch; Seminar on Results of "Gas Safety Programme 93-96"
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1997

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FABIG Technical Meeting 009
Inherently Safe Design

Legal Requirements, Tariq Al-Hassan, Health and Safety Executive; Anticipating and Coping with Growth of Explosion Pressures Through the Project Design Phase, Bob Brewerton, Natabelle; The Use of Hazard Identification to Optimize Inherent Safety in a Conceptual Design, Graham Dalzell, BP Exploration; A Pilot Study into the use of Inherently Safer Design in the UK Offshore Oil..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1997

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 018

CONTENTS: Failure of Corrugated Firewalls Subjected to Hydrocarbon Explosions; Offshore Fires & Explosions "The Industry Goes Full Scale"; Explosion Model Evaluation Project (EME); Safety First For Gas Turbine Enclosures
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1996

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FABIG Technical Meeting 008
Explosion Mitigation with Water Deluge

The History of Water Deluge for Mitigating Gaseous Explosions, Mike Johnson, British Gas Research & Technology; Safety and Operational Factors to be Considered When Using Deluge, Nigel Savage, Shell UK Exploration & Production; An Operators Approach to Adopting Water Deluge, John Gregory, Mobil North Sea; The Relationship Between Water Deluge for Fires and Explosions, Geoff..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1996

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 017

CONTENTS: The Development of Technical Guidance; Aspects of High Integrity Protection Systems (HIPS) In Hazard Management on Offshore Installations; Emergency Evacuation - A New Joint Industry Project; BRAE Risk Reduction Project - A Practical Approach To QRA; New Technical Note on Explosion Resistant Design of Topside Structures; The Successful Application of Crine..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1996

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FABIG Technical Note 04
Explosion Resistant Design of Offshore Structures

Where gas explosions represent a credible risk, platform topsides have to be designed to withstand explosion loading. There are two aspects to consider: firstly loading on the structure and secondly loading and effect on equipment. This technical note deals principally with the first aspect but is also relevant to the second because the performance of the structure, e.g...
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 1996

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HSE OTH 94 463
An investigation of factors of relevance during explosion suppression by water sprays


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTH 95 499
Review of emergency lighting and way-guidance systems for offshore structures


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTH 96 521
Improving Inherent Safety


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTI 96 641
Kuwait Scientific Mission Volume 2 Technical Report July 1992


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTO 96 002
Quality assurance of HAZOP


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTO 96 003
Effective Shift Handover - A Literature Review


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTO 96 010
Recovery and pick-up following emergency evacuation


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTO 96 954
Offshore hydrocarbon releases statistics, 1996 (for the periood 1.10.92 to 31.3.96 inclusive)


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTO 96 955
Offshore accident and incident statistics report. 1996 (provisional data)


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE CRR 96/1996
Development of pool fire thermal radiation model


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTH 95 498
Evaluation study of the models used in predicting smoke and gas ingress on offshore structure

This report represents the outcome of a project to develop a procedure for the evaluation of technical models, and then to apply the procedure to models used to make predictions in the context of smoke and gas ingress on offshore structures.
HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTH 95 477
Assessment of the uniformity of the jet fire test procedure

Earlier Interim Jet Fire Test (IJFT) procedure reports showed that small scale indoor propane vapour releases showed the similar jet fire characteristics as full scale jet fires ten times larger. The size of the IJFT test facility allow tests to be carried out economically in an area protected from the environment and thus are attractive as a standard test procedure. This..
HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTH 94 460
Topside Emergency Shutdown Valve (ESV) Survivability

SUMMARY
HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTH 94 454
Risk perception and safety in the offshore oil & gas industry

This research report presents the results of and investigation into risk perception of employees working on offshore oil and gas platforms on the UK continental shelf.
HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTH 94 450
Kuwait scientific mission

The opportunity of monitoring real large scale hydrocarbon fires presented itself after the destruction of the Kuwaiti oil fields carried out by the retreating Iraqi forces. It was hoped that this source of data would increase the understanding of such fires and hence improve the ability to control, protect against and extinguish large fires.
HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTH 95 468
The update of loss of containment data for offshore pipelines

This report describes studies performed for UKOOA and HSE regarding loss of containment from offshore pipelines operated in the North Sea and supersedes the last loss of containment study published as PARLOC 92.
HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTH 94 455
Jet Noise Effect

SUMMARY
HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE OTH 94 431
Pipeline leak detection study

The aim of this report is to review current and emerging methods of detecting leaks in pipelines in order to determine best practises in use today, and those with best promise.
HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE CRR 123/1996
Business re-engineering and health and safety management: best practice model

This best practice model has been prepared to give practical advice to directors, managers and health and safety professionals involved in the conception, planning, assessment and implementation of changes in business organisation and management which have the potential to impact health and safety. Change is not only an opportunity for business to improve practices and systems..
HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE CRR 97/1996
Review of Human Response to Thermal


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE CRR 110/1996
Simple Modelling of Gas Releases from Buildings


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE CRR 111/1996
Dispersion of Releases of Hazardous Materials within Buildings. Phase II - CFD Modelling


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE CRR 124/1996
Business re-engineering and health and safety management: literature model


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE CRR 125/1996
Business re-engineering and health and safety management: case study


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE CRR 93/1996
Modelling of explosions and deflagrations


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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HSE CRR 94/1996
Review of Flash Fire Modelling


HSE - External Publication - 1996

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 016

CONTENTS: Sensitivity Study on Structural Aspects of Fire & Blast (Phase 1); Effectiveness of Water Deluge in Mitigation Fires; Rules For The Determination of Coatback Requirements; Assessment of Blast Resistance of Offshore Topside Structures; Hazards Posed By Releases of Pressurised Crude Oil - A Proposal of a Joint Industry Study
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1996

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 015

CONTENTS: Engineering Relations For Water Mist Fire Suppression Systems; Retrofitting of Blast Walls for Offshore Structures; Development of a Performance Standard Approach to Passive Fire Protection Design; Drop Down Fire Barrier: Innovative Engineering on BP Exploration Clyde Platform; New Capabilities of FLACS; The Danish Offshore Safety Regime; Risk Assessment &..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1996

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FABIG Technical Meeting 007
Performance Standards Approach in Offshore Installations Regulations (PFEER - Prevention of Fire and Explosion, and Emergency Response)

What HSE Expects from Industry as a Response to PFEER, Ian Thomson, Health and Safety Executive; Performance Standards, One Interpretation, Richard French, British Gas Exploration & Production; Impact of PFEER on the Design Process, Ed Terry, Brown & Root Ltd/BCECA; Performance Standards and Written Schemes, Recent Practical Experience, Jerry Lane, Lloyds Register of Shipping;..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1995

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 014

CONTENTS: The UK Safety Case Assessment of Floating Production and Storage Installations; Risk Analysis for Semi-Submersible Drilling Units Operating in the North Sea; Hazard Analysis for Floating Production Storage & Offloading (FPSO) Installations; Fire and Explosion Aspects of Floaters; Conversion of a Tanker to FSO; The Mitigation of Gas Cloud Explosions by..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1995

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HSE OTI 94 625
Interaction of fast explosions with an obstacle


HSE - External Publication - 1995

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HSE OTO 95 026
Electrostatic hazards associated with water deluge and explosion suppression systems offshore


HSE - External Publication - 1995

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HSE OTO 95 953
Offshore accident and incident statistics report 1994


HSE - External Publication - 1995

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HSE OTH 95 466
A Methodology for Hazard Identification on EER Assessments

This study was carried out to investigate the possibility of applying a "HAZOP" type approach to the assessment of Evacuation, Escape and Rescue (EER) from offshore installations.
HSE - External Publication - 1995

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HSE OTH 95 465
Dispersion of sub-sea releases

Risk assessments for offshore installations involve the modelling of the consequences of a range of accident scenarios. This may include the release of hydrocarbon inventory from topsides process equipment, subsea pipelines or risers, or blowout events.
HSE - External Publication - 1995

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HSE OTH 94 458
Update of the UKCS Risk Overview

Provides an input into the development of Offshore Safety Division's risk based research strategy.
HSE - External Publication - 1995

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HSE OTH 94 449
A survey of current predictive methods for explosion hazard assessments in the UK offshore industry

This report provides an update of the previous OTH report prepared for the Department of Energy. The previous report provided a state of the art review on the modelling approaches and models that could be used for the prediction of overpressures generated in gas explosions in offshore modules.
HSE - External Publication - 1995

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HSE OTH 94 430
Blast and Shock Induced Vibrations in Offshore Jacket Installations

Considers various accidental loads and predicts the vibrations which result, a major part of the study was devoted to blast loading, other types of loading examined included; ground movement, ship impact and dropped loads. It concluded that there was little risk of direct injury from strong vibration, but the risk of indirect injury from falls and projectiles resulting from..
HSE - External Publication - 1995

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HSE OTH 93 415
Development of walkdown procedures and pilot study for the assessment of topsides equipment subject to blast induced vibrations

HSE are concerned with the effects of vibrations on safety related equipment induced through the structure from blast loads. It is known that such vibrations led to the failure of safety related equipment and hence contributed to the escalation of the Piper Alpha disaster. The walkdown procedure assess the vulnerability of plant and equipment to vibration, this report..
HSE - External Publication - 1995

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HSE ISBN 0 7176 0970 7
Improving compliance with safety critical procedures - reducing industrial violations

Managers need to understand the underlying causes of human errors, and be aware of what they can do to reduce potential errors. Although attention has been given to the classification or quantification of inadvertent or accidental human errors made by operators, there has been little practical advice on how managers can successfully address deliberate breaches, or violations,..
HSE - External Publication - 1995

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HSE CRR 70/1995
Dispersion of Releases of Hazardous Materials in the Vicinity of Buildings


HSE - External Publication - 1995

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HSE CRR 75/1995
Dispersion of Releases of Hazardous Materials within Buildings


HSE - External Publication - 1995

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 013

CONTENTS: New UKCS Regulations; Strength Assessment of Topside Structures Subjected to Fire; Integrated Fire Analysis; Gas Explosion Engineering Joint Industry Project (GEEJIP); Microtherm HRB Fire Protection Panels; Offshore Safety Cases – HSE Experiences; What is Reasonably Practicable?; Accidents and Incidents, UK North Sea; COSHH Offshore; Prevention, Preparation,..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1995

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FABIG Technical Meeting 006
Safety Case Preparation, The Industry Responds

Introduction, Gordon Thomson, Health and Safety Executive; Liverpool Bay Development Design Safety Case, Matthew Fitzpatrick, BHP Petroleum; Clyde (Existing Installation), John Beaumont, BP Exploration; Seillean Floating Production Storage and Offloading, John Beaumont, BP Exploration; Semi Submersible Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit (MODU), Andy Grieve, Dolphin Drilling; Flotel,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1995

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FABIG Technical Note 03
Use of Ultimate Strength Techniques for Fire Resistant Design of Offshore Structures

A structure subjected to a fire progressively loses its strength until the structure collapses and becomes unusable.  Advanced numerical non-linear methods enable to perform ultimate strength analyses whereby progressive failure of members is predicted: this is termed progressive collapse analyses.  The Interim Guidance Notes (IGN) refer to progressive collapse in Section..
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 1995

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 012

CONTENTS: System Based Performance Standards Approach; Human Factors – Reactions to Emergencies; Failure Penalty Modelling for Ultimate Strength; Gas Explosion Engineering Joint Industry Project (GEEJIP); Development of Ignition Hazard Model; Integrated System for Analysis of Resistance of Offshore Structures Subjected to Fire; Working Offshore – The Perceived Risks;..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1995

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FABIG Technical Meeting 005
Guidance, Codes and Regulations for the Design of Offshore Structures against Fire and Explosion

Framework of the International Activities in Guidance, Codes and Standards in the Field of Fire and Explosion Hazards, Jurek Tolloczko and Sava Medonos, Steel Construction Institute; Fire and Explosion Aspects of the UK PFEER Regulations, John Clegg, Health and Safety Executive; UKOOA Guidelines on Fire and Explosion Hazards Management, Graham Dazell, BP Exploration; Norwegian..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1995

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 011

CONTENTS: Approach to the USA Balancing Prescriptive Requirements & Operator; A New Look at Blast Wall Capacities; Fire & Blast Analysis: Concerns for FPSOs; Crude Oil Fire Deluge Tests; Jet Fires Impacting on Flat Surfaces; Phase 2 Update; Hazards XII
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1994

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FABIG Technical Meeting 004
Major European Hazards Related Research

EU Research & Legislation in Industrial Safety, Steve Cole, CEC; EU Work on the Evaluation of Consequence Models, Rex Britter, Cambridge University; MERGE – An Overview, Paul Mercx, TNO; MERGE – Assessment of CFD Based Explosion Codes, Nilesh Popat, British Gas; Optimised Fire Safety of Offshore Structures, Jacek Gierlinski and Navil Shetty, WS Atkins Consultants; Foam and..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1994

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 010

CONTENTS: European Communities, Directorate-General XII Evaluation of Models Gas Explosions (MEGGE); ISO - Offshore Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries - Offshore Structures; Designing for Ill-Defined Accidental Loads?; Are HRD Systems worth a closer look?; HRD Explosion Mitigation; EC Project “Foam & Water Deluge Systems for Offshore Oil Platforms”; Explosion Risk..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1994

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HSE CRR 82/1994
Risks from Hazardous Pipelines in the UK


HSE - External Publication - 1994

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Accident Description: Texaco refinery, UK
Texaco Refinery, Milford Haven, UK, 24 July 1994

As a consequence of flammable hydrocarbon liquid being continuously pumped into a process vessel that, due to a valve malfunction, had its outlet closed, an explosion occurred. The flare system was not designed to cope with this excursion from normal operation resulting in a failure occurred in the outlet pipe.
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 1994

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 009

CONTENTS: The Importance of Consistent Data; Norwegian Safety Initiative; Explosion & Fire Design Guidance; Structural Response to Gas Explosions: Control of Non-Linear Finite Element Analysis; Is Explosion Response Analysis That Simple?; A Rational Approach to Fire Consequence Assessment; Encapsulated Fire Protection of Composite Pipes; Implementation of the Cullen..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1994

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FABIG Technical Meeting 003
Bang: A Historical Overview of Hydrocarbon Explosions

Pre 1988 – Early Work on Explosions, Martin Vasey, British Gas; 1988 to Current – Explosion Phenomena, Jan Roar Bakke, Statoil; 1988 to Current – Experimental & Numerical, Martin Vasey, British Gas; HSE Assessment of Explosion Assessment, Philip Brighton, Health and Safety Executive; 1994 to the Future – Experimental & Numerical, Jonathon Puttock, Shell Research; 1994 to the..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1994

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FABIG Technical Note 02
Explosion Mitigation Systems

The Interim Guidance Notes cover the subject of explosion in Section 3. Since the publication of the IGN, a greater understanding of explosions was developed. Whilst not invalidating the statements made in the IGN, this allows greater guidance to be given on the applicability of certain explosion mitigation measures. 
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 1994

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 008

CONTENTS: Membrane Type Blast Walls; Results of the Merge Project; Offshore Firefighting Onshore; Water Mist Fire Suppression; More Leaks Equals Greater Safety??; To Extinguish or not to Extinguish
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1994

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FABIG Technical Meeting 002
Jet Fires

What ignited leaks do we consider?, Emmanuel Mavromatakis, Vectra Technology; How do we determine jet fire size and intensity?, Denis Cook, British Gas; What is the effect of the jet fire on the structures?, Sava Medonos, Vectra Technology; What jet fire protection is required?, Alan Blake, Mandoval Coatings; How do we determine the adequacy of protection?, Ragnar Wighus,..
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1994

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 007

CONTENTS: Design Management Guidelines for Explosion and Fire Engineering; An Update on Field Modelling of Pool Fires; The Fire Resistance of Aluminium; Shell - Jet & Pool Fire Tests; Fires on the Sea Surface; ERA Conferences - Offshore Structural Design against Extreme Loads; Offshore Fire Safety
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1993

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FABIG Technical Meeting 001
Active Explosion Suppression Systems

Gas Detection Systems, Jeff Markely, Sieger; Deluge Effectiveness, John Gregory, Mobil North Sea; High Rate Discharge Systems, Philip Robertson, Kidde Fire Protection; Blast Relief Systems, Hugh Bowerman, Steel Construction Institute
FABIG - Technical Presentations & Videos - 1993

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HSE OTH 92 376
Survivability of Occupants of Totally Enclosed Motor Propelled Survival Craft


HSE - External Publication - 1993

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HSE OTO 92 014
Applications review of waterspray technologies summary report


HSE - External Publication - 1993

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HSE OTO 92 016
Feasibility study of practical gas explosion/suppression system for offshore installations


HSE - External Publication - 1993

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HSE OTO 93 002
Offshore gas detector siting criterion investigation of detector spacing


HSE - External Publication - 1993

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HSE OTO 93 004
A human factors analysis of evacuation, escape and rescue from offshore installations


HSE - External Publication - 1993

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HSE OTO 93 028
Interim jet fire test for determining the effectiveness of passive fire protection materials


HSE - External Publication - 1993

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HSE OTO 94 010
Offshore accident and incident statistics report 1993


HSE - External Publication - 1993

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 006

CONTENTS: Alternative Materials: Fire & Blast Response; Alternative Materials: Design Guides; Article R74 - ERRATA; Blast Wall Specifications; Phase 2 Update; Kuwait Scientific Mission; UKELG Meeting; Interflam ‘93; Impact and Explosion - Analysis and Design; The Droplet Size Debate…; Large Scale Testing an Increasing Trend; How Long for Halons?
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1993

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HSE CRR 60/1993
Safety Management of Process Faults: a Position Paper on Human Factor Approaches to the Design of Operator Interfaces to Computer Based Process Control Systems


HSE - External Publication - 1993

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 005

CONTENTS: OSH-Offshore; Sprinklers Versus Deluge; Is Passive Fire Protection Data Adequate?; Determining The Response of Protected Steel to Fire Loading; New Findings on the Effectiveness of Relief Panels and Louvre Panels; Offshore Loss Prevention: A Systematic Approach - Conference Review; Major Hazards Onshore and Offshore - Conference Review; Fire Protection: Water..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1993

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FABIG Technical Note 01
Fire Resistant Design of Offshore Topside Structures

Section 4 of the Interim Guidance Notes for the Design and Protection of Topside Structures against Explosion and Fire (IGN) gave design guidance for fire resistance. This technical note is intended to complement that section as follows:
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 1993

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 004

CONTENTS: Three Views of QRA; Interim Guidance Notes ERRATA; How Useful are Fire Models?; Response Analysis of Topside Structures; Validated Computer-Based Fire Modelling; Steel & Composite Beams Exposed to Fire; Phase 2 Update; Materials and Design Against Fire; The Value of Automatic Control; Standard For Intumescent Coatings; Onshore Explosions
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1993

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 003

CONTENTS: Assessment of structures subject to fire; The Benefits of QRA; Revision to Offshore Safety Case Regulations; Passive or Active Fire Protection?; Fire Testing for Offshore Structures; FRS Request for Comment; Should Contingency Factors be used for Blast Design of Topside Structures; Shock Induced Vibrations in Offshore Structures; Design of Blast Resistant..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 598 Vol.1b
Current fire research : experimental, theoretical and preductive modelling resources


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 586
Representative range of blast and fire scenarios


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 589 Part 1
Experimental facilities suitable for use in studies of fire and explosion hazards in offshore structures


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 589 Part 2
Experimental facilities suitable for use in studies of fire and explosion hazards in offshore structures


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 590
The use of alternative materials in the design and construction of blast and fire resistant structures


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 592
Confined vented explosions


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 593
Explosions in highly congested volumes


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 594
The prediction of the pressure loading on structures resulting from an explosion


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 595
Possible ways of mitigating explosions on offshore structures


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 596
Oil and gas fires : characteristics and impact


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 598 Vol.1a
Current fire research : experimental, theoretical and preductive modelling resources


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 598 Vol.2
Current fire research : experimental, theoretical and preductive modelling resources


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 599
The effects of simplifications of the explosion pressure-time history. Second impression


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 600
Explicit analytical methods for determining structural response


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 601
Computerised analysis tools for assessing the response of structures subjected to blast loading


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 602
The effects of high strain rates on material properties


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 604
Experimental data relating to the performance of steel components at elevated temperatures


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 605
Methodologies and available tools for the design/analysis of steel components at elevated temperatures


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 610
Thermal response of vessels and pipework exposed to fire


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 641
Kuwait scientific mission. Volume 2 : technical report July 1992


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 587
The prediction of single and two-phase release rates


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 591
Gas/vapour build-up on offshore structures


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 606
Passive Fire Protection: Performance Requirements and Test methods


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE OTI 92 607
Availability and Properties of Passive and Active Fire Protection Systems


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 002

CONTENTS: SDOF Elasto-Plastic Analysis; A Few Thoughts on QRA; Penetrations Through Fire & Blast Walls; Offshore Application of FRP; Phase II Update; HTC-32 Fire Protection Material; Safety Awareness Syllabus, Darlene Torey - Hazards Forum; Book Review "Structural Dynamics for the Practising Engineer"; Book Review "Polymers in a Marine Environment"; Losses Due to Ship..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1992

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HSE OTH 92 374
The selection and training of offshore installation managers for crisis management

This HMSO report OTH 92 374 presents the findings from project (P2719) which investigated the selection and training of Offshore Installation Managers (OIMs) with particular reference to their ability to take command during an emergency. There were five main elements in the project.
HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE CRR 33/1992
Organisational, Management and Human Factors in QRA Report 1


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE CRR 34/1992
Organisational, Management and Human Factors in QRA Report 2


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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HSE CRR 38/1992
The Development of a Model to Incorporate Management and Organisation Influences in QRA


HSE - External Publication - 1992

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FABIG Technical Newsletter
Issue 001

CONTENTS: Draft Offshore Installations (Safety Case) Regulations 199-; Interim Guidance Notes - Errata; Intumescents - Their Use Offshore; Louvre Systems; The Merge Project; Solvex; Blast & Fire joint industry project-phase II update; Hazards Forum Discussion, 11/3/92 - (see R13); Offshore Fire & Blast Design Guidance Seminar (The Steel Construction Institute, Feb..
FABIG - Technical Newsletter - 1992

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FABIG Interim Guidance Notes
Interim Guidance Notes for the Design and Protection of Topside Structures against Explosion and Fire

The 'Interim Guidance Notes for the Design and Protection of Topsides Structures against Explosion and Fire' were issued upon completion of Phase I of the JIP on Blast and Fire Engineering for Topside Structures (BFETS Phase I). These guidelines are based on the state-of-the-art knowledge in 1991 as documented in the 26 work package reports produced by the BFETS Phase I. They..
FABIG - Technical Guidance - 1992

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HMSO CM 1310
The Public Inquiry into the Piper Alpha Disaster, The Hon Lord Cullen

This report in two volumes is the final report on the public inquiry into the Piper Alpha platform disaster in the North Sea headed by Lord Cullen. Volume 1 describes the findings of the investigation into the disaster as well as the background to the disaster, and Volume 2 looks to the future and lists Lord Cullen's recommendations.
HMSO - Publications available through FABIG - 1990

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Accident Description: Phillips 66 Company, USA
Phillips 66 Company, Pasadena, USA, 23 October 1989

Following the release of a gas mixture, a vapour cloud formed and moved quickly downwind where it found an ignition source and exploded. There were several subsequent massive explosions involving two isobutane storage tanks and the catastrophic failure of a polyethylene plant reactor.
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 1989

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HSE CRR 15/1989
Evaluation of the Human Contribution to Pipework and in-line Equipment Failure Frequencies


HSE - External Publication - 1989

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HSE CRR 19/1989
Workbook on the Dispersion of Dense Gases


HSE - External Publication - 1989

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HSE OTI 92 597
Behaviour of oil and gas fires in the presence of confinement and obstacles


HSE - External Publication - 1988

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Accident Description: Piper Alpha, UK
Piper Alpha, North Sea, UK, 06 July 1988

The disaster began with a routine maintenance procedure. On the morning of the 6 th   of July, a certain backup propane condensate pump in the processing area needed to have its pressure safety valve checked. The work could not be completed by 18.00 and the workers asked for and received permission to leave the rest of the work until the next day. The tube was sealed with a..
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 1988

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Accident Description: Bhopal, India
Union Carbide India Ltd (UCIL), Bhopal, India, 02 December 1984

At 11.00 pm on 2nd December 1984, an operator at the plant noticed a small leak of highly toxic methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas and increasing pressure inside a storage tank. The vent-gas scrubber, a safety device designed to neutralize toxic discharge from the MIC system, had been turned off three weeks prior. Apparently a faulty valve had allowed one ton of water for cleaning..
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 1984

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Accident Description: PEMEX LPG Terminal, Mexico
PEMEX LPG Terminal, San Juanico, Mexico, 19 November 1984

A 200mm pipe between a storage cylinder and sphere ruptured, releasing LPG. The release continued for some 5 to 10 minutes resulting in a large gas cloud which ignited, causing an explosion and many ground fires.
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 1984

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Accident Description: Seveso, Italy
ICMESA Chemical Company, Seveso, Italy, 10 July 1976

Rupture of the bursting disc on batch plant   for the manufacture of 2,4,5-trichlorophenol (TCP)  led to the release of highly toxic dioxin. Dioxin is not normally formed but the reactor got too hot resulting in a runaway reaction which caused a rise in pressure leading to the disc rupture.
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 1976

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Accident Description: Flixborough, UK
Nypro UK , Flixborough, UK , 01 June 1974

The cyclohexane plant consisted of a train of six reactors in series. Prior to the explosion, on 27 March 1974, it was discovered that a vertical crack in reactor No.5 was leaking cyclohexane. The plant was subsequently shut down for an investigation which identified a serious problem with the reactor. The decision was taken to remove it and install a bypass assembly to..
FABIG - Industrial Accident - 1974

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